Science Quiz:The Moon 25.1

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| By Martint13
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Martint13
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 157
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 157

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Moon Quizzes & Trivia

This a quiz on the moon. It covers material such as how it was made and what its surface is made up of. Made by Joel, Tyler, and Dakota


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the dark areas of the moon called.

    • A.

      Lunar Highlands

    • B.

      Regolith

    • C.

      Lunar Maria

    • D.

      Apollo

    Correct Answer
    C. Lunar Maria
    Explanation
    Lunar Maria refers to the dark areas of the moon's surface. These areas are actually large basaltic plains formed by ancient volcanic activity. They appear dark because they are made up of solidified lava flows that reflect less sunlight compared to the surrounding areas. The term "Maria" is derived from Latin, meaning "seas," as early astronomers mistakenly believed these areas to be bodies of water.

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  • 2. 

    The Moon was believed to have been made when a _______ hit earth

    • A.

      Star

    • B.

      Planet sized object

    • C.

      Rocket

    • D.

      Ray

    Correct Answer
    B. Planet sized object
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Planet sized object." This explanation suggests that the Moon was formed as a result of a collision between Earth and a planet-sized object. This collision would have caused the material from both bodies to be ejected into space, eventually coming together to form the Moon. This theory, known as the Giant Impact Hypothesis, is widely accepted by scientists as the most plausible explanation for the Moon's origin.

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  • 3. 

    Meteoroids are________

    • A.

      Big rockets

    • B.

      Space material that ranges from a speck to a huge mass

    • C.

      Rings around planets

    • D.

      Interior of planets

    Correct Answer
    B. Space material that ranges from a speck to a huge mass
    Explanation
    Meteoroids are space material that ranges from a speck to a huge mass. This means that meteoroids can vary in size, from tiny particles to large objects. They are typically debris left over from the formation of the solar system, such as fragments of asteroids or comets. When a meteoroid enters Earth's atmosphere and burns up, it is called a meteor. If a meteoroid survives its journey through the atmosphere and lands on Earth's surface, it is called a meteorite.

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  • 4. 

    Rays are areas on the moon where______.

    • A.

      Debris flew back from impact

    • B.

      Satellites land

    • C.

      Astronauts have studied

    • D.

      Asteroids have hit the moon

    Correct Answer
    A. Debris flew back from impact
    Explanation
    Rays on the moon are areas where debris flew back from impact. This refers to the streaks of material that radiate outward from a crater caused by the impact of a meteoroid or asteroid. When a high-speed impact occurs, it excavates material from the moon's surface and throws it outwards, creating these distinctive ray patterns. These rays can extend for hundreds of kilometers and are a prominent feature on the moon's surface.

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  • 5. 

    Lunar soil is known as what.

    • A.

      Lunar Maria

    • B.

      Lunar highlands

    • C.

      Space junk

    • D.

      Regolith

    Correct Answer
    D. Regolith
    Explanation
    Regolith is the correct answer because it refers to the layer of loose material that covers the solid bedrock on the Moon's surface. This layer is made up of fragmented rocks, dust, and soil, and is commonly known as lunar soil. The term "regolith" is used to describe the loose material found on other celestial bodies as well, such as asteroids and Mars. Therefore, regolith is the appropriate term to describe the lunar soil.

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  • 6. 

    Astronomy is______

    • A.

      The study of all plants

    • B.

      The study of life

    • C.

      The study of earth

    • D.

      The study of the universe

    Correct Answer
    D. The study of the universe
    Explanation
    Astronomy is the study of the universe, which involves observing, analyzing, and understanding celestial objects such as stars, planets, galaxies, and other astronomical phenomena. It focuses on the physical and chemical properties, origins, and evolution of these objects, as well as the laws and principles that govern the universe. Astronomy encompasses various sub-disciplines like astrophysics, cosmology, and planetary science, and it plays a crucial role in expanding our knowledge of the vastness and complexity of the cosmos.

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  • 7. 

    Micro-Meteoroids have affected the moon by______.

    • A.

      Causing erosion and the same affect as weathering

    • B.

      Giving the moon an atmosphere

    • C.

      Helping earths tides

    • D.

      Killing aliens

    Correct Answer
    A. Causing erosion and the same affect as weathering
    Explanation
    Micro-meteoroids have affected the moon by causing erosion and the same effect as weathering. These tiny particles of space debris collide with the moon's surface at high speeds, creating impact craters and wearing down the surface over time. This process is similar to the weathering that occurs on Earth, where rocks and minerals are broken down by natural forces like wind, water, and temperature changes. Over billions of years, the cumulative effect of micro-meteoroid impacts has shaped the moon's landscape and contributed to its erosion.

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  • 8. 

    Craters on the moon are_______

    • A.

      Where aliens live

    • B.

      Where there are big dips in the crust where impacts have occured

    • C.

      Where meteoroids originate

    • D.

      Where jesus was born

    Correct Answer
    B. Where there are big dips in the crust where impacts have occured
    Explanation
    Craters on the moon are formed due to impacts from meteoroids, creating big dips in the moon's crust. This is a well-known scientific fact and has been observed through various missions and studies conducted on the moon's surface. The idea that craters are where aliens live or where meteoroids originate is not supported by scientific evidence. The statement about Jesus being born in craters on the moon is completely unrelated and has no scientific basis.

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  • 9. 

    Mascons are areas of _____.

    • A.

      Higher gravity and mass concentrations

    • B.

      Huge craters

    • C.

      No sun

    • D.

      Icelandic volcanoes

    Correct Answer
    A. Higher gravity and mass concentrations
    Explanation
    Mascons are areas of higher gravity and mass concentrations. This means that within these regions, there is a greater amount of mass compared to the surrounding areas, resulting in a stronger gravitational pull. These gravitational anomalies are often found on the Moon and other celestial bodies, and they can have a significant impact on spacecraft trajectories and lunar exploration.

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  • 10. 

    Rille are_____.

    • A.

      The top layer of lunar maria

    • B.

      Tunnels running through lunar maria

    • C.

      Where aliens live

    • D.

      Lunar maria

    Correct Answer
    B. Tunnels running through lunar maria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tunnels running through lunar maria." Rilles are long, narrow depressions or channels on the surface of the moon that are believed to have been formed by ancient lava flows. These channels often follow a meandering path and can be several kilometers wide and hundreds of kilometers long. They are thought to be the result of collapsed lava tubes or channels that were formed when molten lava flowed beneath the surface of the moon.

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