Sanders Exam Prep (Liver)

34 Questions | Total Attempts: 146

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Sanders Exam Prep (Liver)

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The liver is an intraperitoneal organ surrounded byperitoneum. Which portion, if any, is NOT coveredby peritoneum?
    • A. 

      Right lobe

    • B. 

      Bare area

    • C. 

      It is all covered

  • 2. 
    A remnant of the fetal ductus venosus that dividesthe caudate lobe of the liver from the left lobe of theliver is the?
    • A. 

      Falciform ligament

    • B. 

      Ligamentum teres

    • C. 

      Ligamentum venosum

  • 3. 
    The vessel that is responsible for supplying the liverwith the most nutrients is the?
    • A. 

      Main portal vein

    • B. 

      Hepatic artery

    • C. 

      Hepatic vein

  • 4. 
    Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) isalso referred to as?
    • A. 

      Alkaline phosphatase

    • B. 

      A-fetoprotein (AFP)

    • C. 

      Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

    • D. 

      Bilirubin

  • 5. 
    Which of the following vessels is associated withwaveforms that do NOT vary with respiration in anormal patient?
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Femoral vein

    • C. 

      Portal vein

    • D. 

      Jugular vein

    • E. 

      Hepatic vein

  • 6. 
    All of the following increase in hepatocellular diseaseEXCEPT??
    • A. 

      Bilirubin

    • B. 

      Acid phosphatase

    • C. 

      Prothrombin time (PT)

    • D. 

      Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

  • 7. 
    Fatty infiltration of the liver is associated with all ofthe following EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Ethanol abuse (ETOH)

    • B. 

      Oral contraceptives

    • C. 

      Intravenous antibiotics

  • 8. 
    Which of the following decreases in Hepatocellulardisease?
    • A. 

      Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

    • B. 

      Alkaline phosphatase

    • C. 

      Vitamin K

  • 9. 
    A complex cystic area is seen in the liver. Which ofthe following patients, whose occupations arelisted, is MOST at risk to contract this condition?
    • A. 

      Shepherd

    • B. 

      Asbestos worker

    • C. 

      Carpenter

    • D. 

      Coal miner

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is a rare malignant tumor,most commonly found in infants and children, thatcauses abdominal distention and hepatomegaly?
    • A. 

      Focal nodular hyperplasia

    • B. 

      Hepatoblastoma

    • C. 

      Hepatocellular carcinoma

  • 11. 
    The vessel(s) in the liver that is(are) important indenning lobar anatomy for hepatic resection is(are)the?
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Hepatic arteries

    • C. 

      Hepatic veins

  • 12. 
    Choppy, triphasic flow patterns are seen in the
    • A. 

      Hepatic veins

    • B. 

      Hepatic arteries

    • C. 

      Portal veins

  • 13. 
    A health care worker contracted hepatitis B from anaccidental needle stick. Which of the following isNOT likely to be seen on her abdominal sonogram?
    • A. 

      A hypoechoic liver

    • B. 

      A thickened gallbladder wall

    • C. 

      A lobular outline to the liver

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is a liver function test relatedto a blood clotting mechanism?
    • A. 

      Bilirubin level

    • B. 

      Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

    • C. 

      Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)

    • D. 

      Prothrombin time

    • E. 

      Lactic acid dehydrogenase (LH)

  • 15. 
    Cirrhosis of the liver can be caused by all of the followingEXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Obstruction by cholelithiasis

    • B. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Hepatitis B

  • 16. 
    Common conditions in which the gallbladder wallis thickened include all of the following EXCEPT***Think ***** This is a tough one!!!!Will not count if you get it wrong
    • A. 

      Fatty infiltration of the liver

    • B. 

      Hypoalbuminemia

    • C. 

      Acute cholecystitis

  • 17. 
    All of the following are typical of long-standing cirrhosisEXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Hepatofugal flow of the portal veins

    • B. 

      A small liver

    • C. 

      An enlarged liver

  • 18. 
    A highly vascular, benign tumor in the liver is referredto as a?
    • A. 

      Hemangioma

    • B. 

      Hepatoma

    • C. 

      Hepatic adenoma

  • 19. 
    All of the following are possible causes of hyper-bilirubin-emiaEXCEPT??
    • A. 

      Severe cirrhosis

    • B. 

      Common duct stone

    • C. 

      Presbyductia

  • 20. 
    On which of the following views are all three hepaticveins BEST seen?
    • A. 

      Transverse, midliver

    • B. 

      Longitudinal, midline

    • C. 

      Longitudinal, adjacent to the aorta

    • D. 

      Transverse, close to the diaphragm

  • 21. 
    The porta hepatis contains all of the following EXCEPT??
    • A. 

      Glisson's capsule

    • B. 

      The sphincter of Oddi

    • C. 

      The portal vein

    • D. 

      The hepatic artery

    • E. 

      The common bile duct

  • 22. 
    All of the following are characteristics of the hepaticveins EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      They branch away from the diaphragm

    • B. 

      They have echogenic walls

    • C. 

      They can be traced into the inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      All three are best seen on a transverse scan

  • 23. 
    The vessel that typically runs between the portalvein and the common bile duct is the??
    • A. 

      Hepatic artery

    • B. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • C. 

      Gastroduodenal artery

  • 24. 
    Hepatofugal flow may be indicative of all of thefollowing EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      A cirrhotic liver

    • B. 

      Portal hypertension

    • C. 

      Common bile duct obstruction

  • 25. 
    With hepatopetal flow, the blood in the portal veinand the blood in the hepatic artery?
    • A. 

      Flows in the same direction

    • B. 

      Flows away from the liver

    • C. 

      Cannot be detected with Doppler

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