Rocks And Minerals Test

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 594

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Rocks And Minerals Test

Perfect if you are a student or you enjoy gaining more knowledge about rocks and minerals. If you fall in this group of people, then this quiz will assist you to measure how much you know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Both Both quartz and fluorite come in a variety of colors.  Because they both share some of the same color varieties, they are often mistaken for each other.  In order to tell them apart, a hardness test must be done.  In a hardness test, what result will show the difference between quartz and fluorite?
    • A. 

      Diamond scratches quartz and fluorite

    • B. 

      Quartz scratches talc

    • C. 

      Fluorite scratches talc

    • D. 

      Apatite scratches fluorite

  • 2. 
    In northern states such as Colorado and Minnesota, holes and cracks often form on the highways and roads.  Which of the following would most likely be the cause of these pot holes in the road?
    • A. 

      Heat turning sedimentary rock in the road into metamorphic rock

    • B. 

      Water freezing and thawing inside cracks in the road

    • C. 

      Oxygen reacting with iron on the surface of the road

    • D. 

      Volcanic activity producing pressure at the road’s base

  • 3. 
    Which of the following most promotes chemical weathering in limestone?
    • A. 

      Freezing water

    • B. 

      Running water

    • C. 

      Blowing wind

    • D. 

      Growing roots

  • 4. 
    There was one month of heavy rain in the hill country.  A portion of one of the highest hills broke away and slid down the hill.  What is the name of the process that allowed gravity to carry the soil down the hill?
    • A. 

      Deposition

    • B. 

      Weathering

    • C. 

      Uplift

    • D. 

      Erosion

  • 5. 
    While on a field trip, a student finds a large deposit of rocks.  The rocks are made of many layers and each layer has tiny grains that seem glued together.  What does this suggest about the place where the rocks were found?
    • A. 

      There once was a large body of water there

    • B. 

      The area was under intense heat and pressure

    • C. 

      A volcano had erupted there long ago

    • D. 

      A meteor hit the area long ago

  • 6. 
    The process that illustrates the changes between types of rocks is referred to as the:
    • A. 

      Mineral composition

    • B. 

      Rock cycle

    • C. 

      Compaction and cementation

    • D. 

      Transformation

  • 7. 
    CLEAVAGE      LUSTER      STREAK     _____________?Which of these belongs with the group above?
    • A. 

      Hardness

    • B. 

      Magma

    • C. 

      Mineral

    • D. 

      Streak

  • 8. 
    The figure below  shows that the processes involved in the rock cycle include all of the following except for _________________?
    • A. 

      Condensation

    • B. 

      Erosion

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Compaction

  • 9. 
    The figure below indicates that each type of rock can _____.
    • A. 

      Provide materials to make other rocks

    • B. 

      Be changed by forces at Earth’s surface

    • C. 

      Form other rocks

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    According to the figure below, heat and pressure can turn which of the following rocks into metamorphic rocks?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      Neither a nor b

  • 11. 
    All of the following conditions in Earth can cause metamorphic rocks to form EXCEPT _________________.
    • A. 

      Exposure to air

    • B. 

      The presence of hot, watery fluids

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      Heat and pressure

  • 12. 
    Which two processes contributed most to the accumulation of soil in this river valley?
    • A. 

      pressure and uplift

    • B. 

      Earthquakes and faulting

    • C. 

      Erosion and deposition

    • D. 

      Percolation and evaporation

  • 13. 
    The changes in the rock cycle ______________________, known as the law of conservation of matter.
    • A. 

      Destroy matter

    • B. 

      Create matter

    • C. 

      Always create and destroy matter

    • D. 

      Never create or destroy matter

  • 14. 
    A natural substance with a definite crystal structure is a:
    • A. 

      Rock

    • B. 

      Mineral

    • C. 

      Mid-ocean ridge

    • D. 

      Mountain

  • 15. 
    The process of ______________  is responsible for breaking down rocks.
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Uplift

    • C. 

      Weathering

    • D. 

      Deposition

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