Rocks And Minerals Test Review (Graded)

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 524

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Rock And Mineral Quizzes & Trivia

Test Review for Test (12-12-13)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of these has the greatest hardness?
    • A. 

      Gypsum

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Gold

    • D. 

      Diamond

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 2. 
    Which of these is measured to have the least hardness?
    • A. 

      Cotton

    • B. 

      Talc

    • C. 

      Shale

    • D. 

      Finger Nails

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 3. 
    Some feldspar types are referred to as k-spar.  Why?
    • A. 

      They contain Krypton

    • B. 

      They contain Keratin

    • C. 

      They contain Sodium

    • D. 

      They contain Potassium

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 4. 
    What is the main chemical formula for silicates?
    • A. 

      One Silicon and Two Oxygen

    • B. 

      One Silicon and Four Oxygen

    • C. 

      Two Silicon and Eight Oxygen

    • D. 

      Four Silicon and One Oxygen

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 5. 
    Igneous rocks that cool most rapidly will have the ____________________ crystals
    • A. 

      Largest

    • B. 

      Smallest

    • C. 

      Most Colorful

    • D. 

      Prettiest

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 6. 
    Most Minerals in the Earth's crust are classified as _______________.
    • A. 

      Metamorphic

    • B. 

      Silicate

    • C. 

      Glossy

    • D. 

      Sedamentary

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 7. 
    Which process occurs when sand particles settles out of the water or wind and deposit sediments?
    • A. 

      Cementation

    • B. 

      Foliation

    • C. 

      Phosphoresence

    • D. 

      Deposition

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    The tendency of a mineral to break along a smooth plane is called what?
    • A. 

      Cleavage

    • B. 

      Fracture

    • C. 

      Melt

    • D. 

      Hardness

  • 9. 
     From what type of rock can metamorphic rocks be formed?
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

    • D. 

      All of these

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 10. 
     What are the three types of sedimentary rock?
    • A. 

      organic, chemical and clastic rocks

    • B. 

      Extrusive, chemical and intrusive rocks

    • C. 

      intrusive, clastic and organic rocks

    • D. 

      porphyritic, organic and chemical rocks

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 11. 
    What is the main difference between a conglomerate and a sedimentary breccia?
    • A. 

      Breccia sediments are angular; conglomerate sediments are rounded.

    • B. 

      Breccia is well stratified (layered); a conglomerate is poorly stratified.

    • C. 

      Breccia sediments are the size of baseballs; conglomerate sediments are larger.

    • D. 

      Breccia has a compacted, clay-rich matrix; conglomerate has no matrix.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 12. 
    ____________________ are examples of sheet silicates:  
    • A. 

      Olivine and feldspar

    • B. 

      Pyroxenes and amphiboles

    • C. 

      Micas

    • D. 

      Quartz

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 13. 
    Which sequence of terms reflects increasing clastic sediment size? 
    • A. 

      sand, silt, clay, boulder

    • B. 

      boulder, pebble, sand, silt

    • C. 

      Silt, sand, pebble, clay

    • D. 

      Silt, sand, pebble, boulder

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 14. 
    ________ is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock.
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Granite

    • C. 

      Shale

    • D. 

      Breccia

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 15. 
    The process of lithification of clastic (detrital) sedimentary rocks involves ___________.
    • A. 

      Melting and crystallization

    • B. 

      weathering and erosion

    • C. 

      Compaction and cementation

    • D. 

      deformation and melting

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is a metamorphic rock?  
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Granite

    • C. 

      Sandstone

    • D. 

      Slate

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 17. 
    You go out and dig around in your back yard, the deeper you dig you begin to discover a layer of rock several feet underground.  Under closer inspection the rock layer that is lignite coal.  What type of environment was present when the sediment was deposited?
    • A. 

      A moving river.

    • B. 

      A swamp.

    • C. 

      A mountain range.

    • D. 

      A shallow sea.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 18. 
    According to Bowens’ Reaction Series, which of the following would be rare to find on the surface of the Earth due to the conditions under which it formed?
    • A. 

      Quartz

    • B. 

      biotite

    • C. 

      Olivine

    • D. 

      Potassium feldspar

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following conditions lead to metamorphic rocks?
    • A. 

      A change in chemical environment.

    • B. 

      An increase in temperature.

    • C. 

      An increase in pressure.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

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