Quiz Questions Over Rocks And Minerals

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Rock And Mineral Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will cover different characteristics of rocks and minerals. Geologists identify rocks and minerals using a variety of properties. This quiz will be using multiple choice questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the names of the 3 types of rocks?

    • A.

      Pebbles, boulders, mountains

    • B.

      Sand, gravel, clay

    • C.

      Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic

    • D.

      Diamonds, rubies, pearls

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic. These are the three main types of rocks based on their formation processes. Igneous rocks are formed from cooled and solidified magma or lava. Sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and compression of sediments over time. Metamorphic rocks are formed from the transformation of existing rocks due to high heat and pressure. Pebbles, boulders, mountains, sand, gravel, clay, diamonds, rubies, and pearls are not types of rocks, but rather specific examples or components of rocks.

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  • 2. 

    What is the molten liquid rock called inside of a volcano?

    • A.

      Lava

    • B.

      Magma

    • C.

      Ash

    • D.

      Igneous

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Magma
    Explanation
    Magma is the molten liquid rock found inside of a volcano. When a volcano erupts, the magma is expelled from the Earth's interior and becomes known as lava once it reaches the surface. Ash is the fragmented material that is ejected during a volcanic eruption, while igneous refers to the type of rock formed from solidified magma or lava. Therefore, the correct answer is magma.

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  • 3. 

    What are the names of the layers of the earth?

    • A.

      Crust, mantel, outer core, inner core

    • B.

      Hot, hotter, hottest

    • C.

      Sand, gravel, iron, nickel

    • D.

      Land, water, air, atmosphere, landforms

    • E.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    A. Crust, mantel, outer core, inner core
    Explanation
    The correct answer is crust, mantle, outer core, inner core. These are the names of the layers of the Earth. The crust is the outermost layer, followed by the mantle, which is a thick layer of hot, solid rock. Below the mantle is the outer core, which is made of liquid iron and nickel. Finally, at the center of the Earth is the inner core, which is a solid ball of iron and nickel.

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  • 4. 

    The rock cycle is where

    • A.

      The earth moves in circles to move rocks from inside the earth to outside the crust

    • B.

      The water is pushed up from the inside the earth

    • C.

      Rocks ride a bicycle

    • D.

      Rocks have heat, pressure, or both placed on them and rocks change

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Rocks have heat, pressure, or both placed on them and rocks change
    Explanation
    The rock cycle refers to the continuous process of rocks being subjected to heat, pressure, or both, causing them to undergo changes in their composition, structure, and form. This process involves various geological processes such as melting, solidification, weathering, erosion, and sedimentation. Through these processes, rocks can be transformed into different types, such as igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.

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  • 5. 

    Which rock type has fossils inbedded inside?

    • A.

      Igneous

    • B.

      Sedimentary

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    • D.

      Boulders

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Sedimentary
    Explanation
    Sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and compression of sediment over time. Fossils are commonly found in sedimentary rocks because they are formed by the accumulation of organic remains such as plants, animals, and other organisms. As these remains become buried and compacted, they can leave behind imprints or actual remains that become preserved in the sedimentary rock. Therefore, sedimentary rocks are the type of rock that most commonly contains fossils.

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