Rocks And Minerals Quiz Questions

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 152

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Rock And Mineral Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is covers the three types of rocks, as well as the rock cycle.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is true about rocks?
    • A. 

      Rocks are composed of only one mineral.

    • B. 

      Rocks do not contain minerals.

    • C. 

      Coal is not considered a rock.

    • D. 

      Most rocks are a mixture of minerals.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of rock?
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Sedimentary

    • C. 

      Magma

    • D. 

      Metamorphic

  • 3. 
    Metamorphic rock forms as a result of
    • A. 

      Heat and pressure

    • B. 

      The cooling of magma

    • C. 

      Compaction of sediments

    • D. 

      The melting of rock

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is NOT part of the rock cycle?
    • A. 

      Magma or lava cools, forming igneous rocks.

    • B. 

      Sediments melt deep beneath Earth's surface.

    • C. 

      Extreme heat and pressure form metamorphic rocks.

    • D. 

      Rocks at Earth's surface are broken down into smaller pieces.

  • 5. 
    A rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface is called an
    • A. 

      Intrusive metamorphic rock.

    • B. 

      Intrusive igneous rock.

    • C. 

      Extrusive sedimentary rock.

    • D. 

      Extrusive igneous rock.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an example of an extrusive igneous rock?
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Coal

    • C. 

      Sandstone

    • D. 

      Granite

  • 7. 
    Lava that cools so quickly that crystals do not have time to form will lead to igneous rocks with a
    • A. 

      Porphyritic texture.

    • B. 

      Coarse-grained texture.

    • C. 

      Glassy texture.

    • D. 

      Fine-grained texture.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following represents the correct order of the processes responsible for the formation of sedimentary rocks?
    • A. 

      Erosion, weathering, compaction, cementation, deposition

    • B. 

      Compaction, cementation, deposition, weathering, erosion

    • C. 

      Deposition, cementation, compaction, erosion, weathering

    • D. 

      Weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation

  • 9. 
    Fossils are found only in
    • A. 

      Intrusive igneous rocks.

    • B. 

      Extrusive igneous rocks.

    • C. 

      Sedimentary rocks.

    • D. 

      Metamorphic rocks.

  • 10. 
    What rock-forming process occurs when hot magma comes near and heats up rock?
    • A. 

      Regional metamorphism

    • B. 

      Biochemical sedimentation

    • C. 

      Contact metamorphism

    • D. 

      Deposition

  • 11. 
    A student obtains a cup of quartz sand from a beach.  A saltwater solution is poured into the sand and allowed to evaporate.  The mineral residue from the saltwater solution cements the sand grains together, forming a material that is most similar to:
    • A. 

      An extrusive igneous rock.

    • B. 

      An intrusive igneous rock.

    • C. 

      A sedimentary rock.

    • D. 

      A metamorphic rock.

  • 12. 
    The rock shown below has a foliated texture and contains the minerals amphibole, quartz, and feldspar arranged in coarse-grained bands.   Which rock is pictured?
    • A. 

      Slate

    • B. 

      Pumice

    • C. 

      Gneiss

    • D. 

      Quartzite

  • 13. 
    A(n) ______________________________ is a solid mass of mineral material or other matter that occurs naturally.
  • 14. 
    Rocks are generally classified as igneous, ___________________________, or metamorphic.
  • 15. 
    Intrusive igneous rocks form when ______________________ hardens and cools.
  • 16. 
    Slow cooling produces igneous rocks with large crystals and a(n) ____________________________ texture.
  • 17. 
    The most common intrusive igneous rock is
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Gabbro

    • C. 

      Granite

    • D. 

      Pumice

  • 18. 
    The breaking down of a rock by rain, wind, or ice is known as _______________________.
  • 19. 
    Small pieces of rock or plant/animal material is called __________________________
  • 20. 
    A(n) _______________________sedimentary rock is made of pieces of other rocks.
  • 21. 
    True or False: Rocks can move through the rock cycle only once.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    True or False: A metamorphic rock that has grains arranged in bands is said to be nonfoliated.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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