Process Of Rock Cycle Quiz

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Rock Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is to check your basic knowledge of the rock cycle.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    __________ is a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, or other minerals.

    • A.

      Mineral

    • B.

      Rock

    • C.

      Temperature

    • D.

      Rock Cycle

    • E.

      Glass

    Correct Answer
    B. Rock
    Explanation
    Rock is the correct answer because it is a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, or other minerals. Rocks are composed of various materials and can have different textures and compositions depending on their formation process. They are formed through the rock cycle, which involves processes such as weathering, erosion, and lithification. Rocks are an essential part of the Earth's crust and can be found in various forms and types, such as igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.

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  • 2. 

    The _______ ________ is a model showing process that creates and changes rocks.

    • A.

      Mineral

    • B.

      Rock

    • C.

      Volcanic glass

    • D.

      Rock cycle

    • E.

      Specific gravity

    Correct Answer
    D. Rock cycle
    Explanation
    The rock cycle is a model that illustrates the process of how rocks are formed and transformed over time. It shows the continuous cycle of creation, alteration, and destruction of rocks through various geological processes such as weathering, erosion, deposition, heat, and pressure. This model helps us understand the interconnectedness of different types of rocks and how they can be transformed from one type to another.

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  • 3. 

    __________ ___________ recognized the rock cycle in 1788 by observing Siccar Scottland.

    • A.

      Martin Luther King

    • B.

      James Hutton

    • C.

      William Ramsay

    • D.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • E.

      John Hope

    Correct Answer
    B. James Hutton
    Explanation
    James Hutton is the correct answer because he is the one who recognized the rock cycle in 1788 by observing Siccar Scotland. This observation led him to develop the theory of uniformitarianism, which states that the processes that shape the Earth's surface today are the same processes that have been shaping it for millions of years. Hutton's work was groundbreaking in the field of geology and laid the foundation for our understanding of the rock cycle and Earth's geological history.

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  • 4. 

    List the 3 types of rocks involved in the rock cycle.

    Correct Answer
    igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary, sedimentary, igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous, metamorphic, igneous, sedimentary
    Explanation
    The rock cycle involves three types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. These rocks undergo a continuous process of transformation from one type to another. Igneous rocks are formed from the cooling and solidification of molten material. Sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and compaction of sediment particles. Metamorphic rocks are formed from the alteration of pre-existing rocks due to heat and pressure. The given answer lists these three types of rocks in the correct order, with each type repeating three times.

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  • 5. 

    Sedimentary rock can be changed by heat and pressure into ___________ ___________.

    • A.

      Sedimentary rock

    • B.

      Igneous rock

    • C.

      Metamorphic rock

    • D.

      Rock cycle

    • E.

      Volcanic glass

    Correct Answer
    C. Metamorphic rock
    Explanation
    Sedimentary rock can be changed by heat and pressure into metamorphic rock. This process, known as metamorphism, occurs when the sedimentary rock is subjected to intense heat and pressure, causing its minerals and textures to rearrange and recrystallize. The result is a new type of rock with different characteristics and often a more compact and durable structure. This transformation is an essential part of the rock cycle, where rocks continuously change and evolve over time through various geological processes.

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  • 6. 

    Metamorphic rock can melt and cool to form ___________ ___________.

    • A.

      Igneous rock

    • B.

      Sedimentary rock

    • C.

      Metamorphic rock

    • D.

      Rock cycle

    • E.

      Volcanic glass

    Correct Answer
    A. Igneous rock
    Explanation
    Metamorphic rock can undergo the process of melting and subsequent cooling, leading to the formation of igneous rock. This transformation occurs due to the intense heat and pressure that metamorphic rock is subjected to. As the rock melts, it becomes molten magma, which then cools and solidifies to form igneous rock. This process is a part of the rock cycle, where different types of rocks are continuously transformed and recycled over time.

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  • 7. 

    Hot, melted rock, also known as lava, is called ___________.

    • A.

      Syrup

    • B.

      Glass

    • C.

      Volcano

    • D.

      Magma

    • E.

      Soup

    Correct Answer
    D. Magma
    Explanation
    Magma is the correct answer because it refers to hot, melted rock beneath the Earth's surface. When this molten rock erupts from a volcano and flows onto the Earth's surface, it is then called lava. The other options, syrup, glass, volcano, and soup, do not accurately describe hot, melted rock.

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  • 8. 

    Igneous rock can be broken down  into fragments that may later form __________ __________.

    • A.

      Metamorphic rock

    • B.

      Sedimentary rock

    • C.

      Igneous rock

    • D.

      Volcanic glass

    • E.

      Specific gravity

    Correct Answer
    B. Sedimentary rock
    Explanation
    Igneous rock can be broken down into fragments that may later form sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock is formed when sediment, such as rock fragments, minerals, and organic matter, is deposited and undergoes compaction and cementation over time. This process can happen to any type of rock, including igneous rock, when it is weathered and eroded into smaller particles that eventually become compacted and cemented together to form sedimentary rock.

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  • 9. 

    The primary processes involved in the rock cycle are _________, _________, and ________.

    • A.

      Magma, heat, and soil

    • B.

      Water, temperature, and elements

    • C.

      Pressure, temperature, and fragmentation

    • D.

      Minerals, rocks, and mud

    • E.

      Sodium, calcium, and hydrogen

    Correct Answer
    C. Pressure, temperature, and fragmentation
    Explanation
    The rock cycle involves the processes of pressure, temperature, and fragmentation. Pressure refers to the force exerted on rocks, which can cause them to change shape or form. Temperature plays a role in the rock cycle as it can cause rocks to expand or contract, leading to changes in their composition. Fragmentation refers to the breaking apart of rocks into smaller pieces, which can then be transported and deposited elsewhere, eventually forming new rocks. These three processes are key components of the rock cycle, as they contribute to the continuous transformation of rocks over time.

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  • 10. 

    Heat and pressure is the process for which type of rock?

    • A.

      Sedimentary

    • B.

      Igneous

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    Correct Answer
    C. Metamorphic
    Explanation
    Metamorphic rock is formed through the process of heat and pressure. This process causes existing rocks, either sedimentary or igneous, to undergo changes in their mineral composition and texture, resulting in the formation of metamorphic rock. Therefore, the correct answer is metamorphic.

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  • 11. 

    Cooling and hardening is the process for which type of rock?

    • A.

      Sedimentary

    • B.

      Igneous

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    Correct Answer
    B. Igneous
    Explanation
    Cooling and hardening is the process that occurs during the formation of igneous rocks. Igneous rocks are formed when molten magma or lava cools and solidifies. The cooling process allows the rock to harden and form a solid structure. This is in contrast to sedimentary rocks, which are formed through the accumulation and compaction of sediments, and metamorphic rocks, which are formed through the alteration of existing rocks under high heat and pressure.

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  • 12. 

    Fragmentation, compaction, and cementation are the processes for which type of rock? 

    • A.

      Sedimentary

    • B.

      Igneous

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    Correct Answer
    A. Sedimentary
    Explanation
    Fragmentation, compaction, and cementation are processes that are specifically associated with the formation of sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and lithification of sediment, which includes the processes of fragmentation (breaking down of rocks into smaller pieces), compaction (squeezing and pressing of sediment layers), and cementation (binding of sediment particles together by minerals). These processes help to transform loose sediment into solid rock over time. Igneous rocks are formed from the cooling and solidification of molten magma, while metamorphic rocks are formed from the alteration of existing rocks through heat and pressure.

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  • 13. 

    Magma that reaches Earth's surface and flows from volcanoes is ___________.

    • A.

      Lava

    • B.

      Rock

    • C.

      Sediments

    • D.

      Glass

    • E.

      Elements

    Correct Answer
    A. Lava
    Explanation
    Magma that reaches Earth's surface and flows from volcanoes is known as lava. Lava is molten rock that has erupted from a volcano and cooled down upon exposure to the atmosphere. It typically has a high temperature and can flow or solidify into various forms, such as basalt or pahoehoe. Lava is a key component in volcanic activity and plays a crucial role in shaping the Earth's surface through the creation of new landforms.

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  • 14. 

    ______ ______ is a model that illustrates the processes that create and change rocks.

    • A.

      Minerals

    • B.

      Volcanic glass

    • C.

      Rock cycle

    • D.

      Fragmentation

    • E.

      Solar system

    Correct Answer
    C. Rock cycle
    Explanation
    The rock cycle is a model that illustrates the processes that create and change rocks. It shows how rocks can be formed through processes such as weathering and erosion, and how they can be transformed through processes such as heat and pressure. The rock cycle also demonstrates how rocks can be broken down into smaller pieces through processes such as fragmentation, and how these smaller pieces can then be compacted and cemented together to form new rocks. Overall, the rock cycle helps to explain the continuous cycle of creation, transformation, and destruction that rocks undergo on Earth.

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  • 15. 

    Rocks formed from sediments are known as ____________ ____________.

    • A.

      Igneous rocks

    • B.

      Sedimentary rocks

    • C.

      Metamorphic rocks

    Correct Answer
    B. Sedimentary rocks
    Explanation
    Rocks formed from sediments are known as sedimentary rocks because they are created through the process of sedimentation. Sediments, such as sand, silt, and clay, accumulate over time and are then compacted and cemented together to form sedimentary rocks. These rocks often contain fossils and layers, providing valuable information about Earth's history and past environments.

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  • 16. 

    Rocks formed by changes in heat and pressure are known as ___________ __________.

    • A.

      Igneous rocks

    • B.

      Sedimentary rocks

    • C.

      Metamorphic rocks

    Correct Answer
    C. Metamorphic rocks
    Explanation
    Rocks formed by changes in heat and pressure are known as metamorphic rocks. This process occurs when existing rocks are subjected to high temperatures and pressures, causing them to undergo physical and chemical changes. These changes result in the formation of new minerals and the recrystallization of existing minerals, leading to the transformation of the original rock into a metamorphic rock. Examples of metamorphic rocks include marble, slate, and gneiss.

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  • 17. 

    Rocks formed from molted material are __________ _________.

    • A.

      Igneous rocks

    • B.

      Sedimentary rocks

    • C.

      Metamorphic rocks

    Correct Answer
    A. Igneous rocks
    Explanation
    Rocks formed from molten material are called igneous rocks. This is because when molten material, such as lava or magma, cools and solidifies, it forms rocks with a crystalline structure. Igneous rocks can be further classified into two types: intrusive igneous rocks, which form below the Earth's surface and have larger crystals, and extrusive igneous rocks, which form on the Earth's surface and have smaller crystals.

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  • 18. 

    In what year was the rock cycle discovered?

    • A.

      1999

    • B.

      2009

    • C.

      1788

    • D.

      1888

    Correct Answer
    C. 1788
    Explanation
    The rock cycle is a natural process that describes how rocks transform from one type to another over time. It involves processes such as weathering, erosion, and sedimentation. The concept of the rock cycle was first proposed and understood in 1788. This means that scientists in 1788 discovered and documented the cycle of rock formation and transformation.

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  • 19. 

    Name 1 of the rocks in the rock cycle.

    Correct Answer
    igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, metamorphic rock, sedimentary rock
    Explanation
    The given answer includes three types of rocks in the rock cycle: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. These three types of rocks are the main components of the rock cycle, which is the continuous process of transformation and recycling of rocks on Earth's surface. Igneous rocks are formed from the solidification of molten magma or lava, sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and lithification of sediments, and metamorphic rocks are formed from the alteration of pre-existing rocks due to heat and pressure. The terms "metamorphic rock" and "sedimentary rock" in the answer are redundant and unnecessary, as they are already implied by the terms "metamorphic" and "sedimentary" alone.

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  • 20. 

    Name another rock in the rock cycle.

    Correct Answer
    metamorphic , igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rock, igneous rock
    Explanation
    sedimentary rock

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