35 Questions
| Total Attempts: 82

Questions and Answers

- 1.__________________ is any characteristic whose values can change (
*what researchers want to study)* - 2.__________________ __________________ is a definition that translates the variable we want to assess into a specific procedure or measurement
- 3.The variable being measured/recorded during an experiment
- A.
Dependent

- B.
Independent

- 4.The variable the experimenter manipulates as a basis for making predictions about the dependent variable
- A.
Dependent

- B.
Independent

- 5.The __________________ is the entire group about which the investigator wants to draw conclusions
- 6.The __________________ is the subset of the population that the investigator studies in order to learn about the population at large
- 7.__________________ __________________ is where every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected for the sample
- 8.__________________ __________________ __________________ is a strategy of deliberately seeking out the unusual or extreme cases
- 9.__________________ __________________ is a method of study where the researcher observes and records behavior in organism's natural environment
- 10.A method that allows researchers to collect a lot of data in a short amount of time
- A.
Case Study

- B.
Survey

- C.
Correlational Studies

- D.
Experiment

- 11.__________________ __________________ is the degree to which a study's participants, stimuli, and procedures adequately reflect the world as it actually is
- 12.__________________ __________________ is the characteristic of a study that allows us to conclude that the manipulation of the independent variable caused the observed changes in the dependent variable
- 13.__________________: the degree to which we're measuring what we intend to measure
- 14.__________________: how consistently something is measured
- 15.The __________________ is the most frequent score
- 16.The __________________ is the halfway point in a data set
- 17.The __________________ is the arithmetic average of the score
- 18.The __________________ is the difference between highest and lowest scores
- 19.The __________________ __________________ is the average difference between each score and the mean of the data set
- 20.The __________________ __________________ is a calculation that describes the likelihood that the results of a study happened by chance
- 21.This is measured by the __________________
- 22.The __________________ __________________ is a number that expresses correlation strength
- 23.A __________________ __________________ __________________ is when neither the person collecting the data nor the participant knows the hypothesis
- 24.__________________ __________________ __________________ is when a study compares the data about each participant in one situation to data about the same participant in another situation
- 25.__________________ is a statistical technique for combining the results of many studies on a particular topic, even when the studies used different data collection methods
- 26.______________: the extent to which a method or procedure measures what it is supposed to measure.
- 27.__________________: the degree of consistency with which a test measures a trait or attribute.
- 28.____________ _____________: an intensive study of one person.
- 29._________________ _________________: a calculation central to inferential statistics that describes the likelihood that the results of a study happened by chance.
- 30.____________________: a repitition of an experiment that yields the same results.
- 31.Mathematical procedures that allow a researcher to draw further claims from a data pattern, including claims about whether the pattern observed in the sample is likely to be observed in other samples.
- A.
Descriptive Statistics

- B.
Inferential Statistics

- 32.Mathematical procedures that allow a researcher to characterize a data pattern; these procedures include measures of central tendency and of variability.
- A.
Descriptive Statistics

- B.
Inferential Statistics

- 33.A comparison that relies on already-existing groups (i.e. groups the experimenter did not create).
- A.
Correlational Study

- B.
Observational Study

- C.
Quasi-Experiment

- 34.__________ _____________ ______________: the possibility that two correlated variables may be changing together only due to the operation of a third variable.
- 35._____________ _________: the magnitude of the difference between groups in a study, often computed by subtracting the mean of one groups scores from the mean of the other group's scores.