Research Methods

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 82

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Research Method Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    __________________ is any characteristic whose values can change (what researchers want to study)
  • 2. 
    __________________ __________________ is a definition that translates the variable we want to assess into a specific procedure or measurement
  • 3. 
    The variable being measured/recorded during an experiment
    • A. 

      Dependent

    • B. 

      Independent

  • 4. 
    The variable the experimenter manipulates as a basis for making predictions about the dependent variable
    • A. 

      Dependent

    • B. 

      Independent

  • 5. 
    The __________________ is the entire group about which the investigator wants to draw conclusions
  • 6. 
    The __________________ is the subset of the population that the investigator studies in order to learn about the population at large
  • 7. 
    __________________ __________________ is where every member of the population has an equal chance of being selected for the sample 
  • 8. 
    __________________ __________________ __________________ is a strategy of deliberately seeking out the unusual or extreme cases
  • 9. 
    __________________ __________________ is a method of study where the researcher observes and records behavior in organism's natural environment 
  • 10. 
    A method that allows researchers to collect a lot of data in a short amount of time
    • A. 

      Case Study

    • B. 

      Survey

    • C. 

      Correlational Studies

    • D. 

      Experiment

  • 11. 
    __________________ __________________ is the degree to which a study's participants, stimuli, and procedures adequately reflect the world as it actually is
  • 12. 
    __________________ __________________ is the characteristic of a study that allows us to conclude that the manipulation of the independent variable caused the observed changes in the dependent variable
  • 13. 
    __________________: the degree to which we're measuring what we intend to measure
  • 14. 
    __________________: how consistently something is measured
  • 15. 
    The __________________ is the most frequent score
  • 16. 
    The __________________ is the halfway point in a data set
  • 17. 
    The __________________ is the arithmetic average of the score
  • 18. 
    The __________________ is the difference between highest and lowest scores
  • 19. 
    The __________________ __________________ is the average difference between each score and the mean of the data set
  • 20. 
    The __________________ __________________ is a calculation that describes the likelihood that the results of a study happened by chance
  • 21. 
    This is measured by the __________________
  • 22. 
    The __________________ __________________ is a number that expresses correlation strength
  • 23. 
    A __________________ __________________ __________________ is when neither the person collecting the data nor the participant knows the hypothesis 
  • 24. 
    __________________ __________________ __________________ is when a study compares the data about each participant in one situation to data about the same participant in another situation
  • 25. 
    __________________ is a statistical technique for combining the results of many studies on a particular topic, even when the studies used different data collection methods
  • 26. 
    ______________: the extent to which a method or procedure measures what it is supposed to measure.
  • 27. 
    __________________:  the degree of consistency with which a test measures a trait or attribute. 
  • 28. 
    ____________ _____________: an intensive study of one person.
  • 29. 
    _________________ _________________: a calculation central to inferential statistics that describes the likelihood that the results of a study happened by chance. 
  • 30. 
    ____________________: a repitition of an experiment that yields the same results.
  • 31. 
    Mathematical procedures that allow a researcher to draw further claims from a data pattern, including claims about whether the pattern observed in the sample is likely to be observed in other samples.
    • A. 

      Descriptive Statistics

    • B. 

      Inferential Statistics

  • 32. 
    Mathematical procedures that allow a researcher to characterize a data pattern; these procedures include measures of central tendency and of variability. 
    • A. 

      Descriptive Statistics

    • B. 

      Inferential Statistics

  • 33. 
    A comparison that relies on already-existing groups (i.e. groups the experimenter did not create).
    • A. 

      Correlational Study

    • B. 

      Observational Study

    • C. 

      Quasi-Experiment

  • 34. 
    __________ _____________ ______________: the possibility that two correlated variables may be changing together only due to the operation of a third variable. 
  • 35. 
    _____________ _________: the magnitude of the difference between groups in a study, often computed by subtracting the mean of one groups scores from the mean of the other group's scores.