Renal Physiology Practice Questions Quiz

38 Questions | Attempts: 8453

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Renal Physiology Practice Questions Quiz - Quiz

The kidney, ureters, and urethra make up the renal system. This quiz contains renal physiology questions for practice. The renal system ensures that our body excretes waste products while keeping the essential ions and metabolic products. The quiz covers various aspects of the renal system, ranging from easy and medium to hard levels in multiple-choice questions. Attempt this quiz and see how much you know about Kidney physiology. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If hydrostatic pressure in a capillary was 15 mmHg, tissue fluid reabsorption is likely taking place in this vessel.   
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    If plasma protein were to increase outside a capillary decreased filtration of fluid from the vessel is likely to occur.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    In the glomerulus, blood hydrostatic pressure opposes filtration. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    A fall in pressure in the afferent arteriole would cause an increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR).            
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    In a healthy adult, the glomerular filtration rate is approximately 120ml/min. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    In health, the kidneys can produce 1ml/min of urine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Water reabsorption occurs in the ascending limb of the loop of Henle. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    GFR can be measured by a substance that is filtered and not subsequently reabsorbed or secreted.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    In the presence of ADH, urine osmolality increases.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Antidiuretic hormone exerts its effect via a cAMP second messenger system.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The osmolality of the kidney medulla is the same as that of the cortex.   
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Aquaporins are a family of water channels. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Antidiuretic hormone is a peptide hormone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Normal urine has an osmolality between 60 and 1,200 mOSm/Kg/H2O.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    ADH acts on the medullary collecting ducts of the kidney to increase water permeability.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Reabsorption is a method for removing substances from the blood, into the nephron.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    An increase in sympathetic nerve activity to the kidney causes the afferent arteriole to constrict. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The glomerulus is a site for reabsorption in the kidney.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Most ion and solute absorption occur in the proximal tubule of the kidney.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The afferent arteriole carries blood to the glomerular capillaries. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The colloid osmotic pressure of the blood aids filtration in the kidney. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Blood in the peritubular capillaries has a higher oncotic pressure than blood in the afferent arteriole. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Reabsorption of bicarbonate in the proximal tubule requires the secretion of hydrogen ions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Respiratory alkalosis results in an immediate shift in the bicarbonate buffering reaction to the right.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    An increase in medullary blood flow will generally promote both dieresis and natriuresis. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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