Renal Physiology Questions Quiz!

38 Questions | Total Attempts: 5085

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Renal Physiology Questions Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If hydrostatic pressure in a capillary was 15 mmHg, tissue fluid reabsorption is likely taking place in this vessel.   
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    If plasma protein were to increase outside a capillary decreased filtration of fluid from the vessel is likely to occur.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    In the glomerulus, blood hydrostatic pressure opposes filtration. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    A fall in pressure in the afferent arteriole would cause an increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR).            
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    In a healthy adult, the glomerular filtration rate is approximately 120ml/min. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    In health, the kidneys can produce 1ml/min of urine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Water reabsorption occurs in the ascending limb of the loop of Henle. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    GFR can be measured by a substance that is filtered and not subsequently reabsorbed or secreted.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    In the presence of ADH, urine osmolality increases.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Antidiuretic hormone exerts its effect via a cAMP second messenger system.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The osmolality of the kidney medulla is the same as that of the cortex.   
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Aquaporins are a family of water channels. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Antidiuretic hormone is a peptide hormone.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Normal urine has an osmolality between 60 and 1,200 mOSm/Kg/H2O.  
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    ADH acts on the medullary collecting ducts of the kidney to increase water permeability.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Reabsorption is a method for removing substances from the blood, into the nephron.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    An increase in sympathetic nerve activity to the kidney causes the afferent arteriole to constrict. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The glomerulus is a site for reabsorption in the kidney.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Most ion and solute absorption occur in the proximal tubule of the kidney.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The afferent arteriole carries blood to the glomerular capillaries. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The colloid osmotic pressure of the blood aids filtration in the kidney. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Blood in the peritubular capillaries has a higher oncotic pressure than blood in the afferent arteriole. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Reabsorption of bicarbonate in the proximal tubule requires the secretion of hydrogen ions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Respiratory alkalosis results in an immediate shift in the bicarbonate buffering reaction to the right.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    An increase in medullary blood flow will generally promote both dieresis and natriuresis. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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