Family Medicine: Common Medications

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Family Medicine: Common Medications - Quiz

This section tests your knowledge on the most commonly prescribed medications.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    True or False. Generic medications are always in uppercase. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Generic medications are always in uppercase" is false. Generic medications are not always in uppercase. The naming convention for generic medications follows certain guidelines, but it does not require them to be in uppercase. The names of generic medications can be written in both uppercase and lowercase letters, depending on the specific drug. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 2. 

    Levothyroxine is common prescribed for 

    Correct Answer
    hypothyroidism, Hypothyroidism
    Explanation
    Levothyroxine is commonly prescribed for hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism can cause symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and depression. Levothyroxine is a synthetic form of the thyroid hormone that helps to regulate the body's metabolism and energy levels. By taking levothyroxine, individuals with hypothyroidism can restore their thyroid hormone levels to normal and alleviate their symptoms. The repetition of "hypothyroidism, Hypothyroidism" in the answer might be a typographical error or a formatting issue.

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  • 3. 

    Muscle aches, cramps and fatigue are common side effects of what class of medications?

    • A.

      Steroids

    • B.

      Asthma inhalers

    • C.

      Diabetic Medications

    • D.

      Statins

    Correct Answer
    D. Statins
    Explanation
    Statins are a class of medications commonly used to lower cholesterol levels in the body. Muscle aches, cramps, and fatigue are known side effects of statins. These symptoms occur due to the disruption of the normal function of muscle cells by statins. Therefore, statins are associated with muscle-related side effects, making them the correct answer to the question.

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  • 4. 

    What are the most common side effects of NSAID medications?

    • A.

      Headaches

    • B.

      Nausea

    • C.

      Ulcers

    • D.

      Vomiting

    • E.

      Swelling of extremities

    • F.

      Chest pain

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Nausea
    C. Ulcers
    D. Vomiting
    E. Swelling of extremities
    Explanation
    The most common side effects of NSAID medications include nausea, ulcers, vomiting, and swelling of extremities. NSAIDs are known to irritate the stomach lining, leading to symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Prolonged use of NSAIDs can also cause ulcers in the stomach or intestines. Swelling of extremities, such as the hands and feet, can occur due to fluid retention caused by NSAIDs. Headaches and chest pain are not typically associated with the side effects of NSAID medications.

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  • 5. 

    What is the commonly checked lab for a patient on diabetic medications?

    • A.

      Hemoglobin A1c (CMP)

    • B.

      BUN and Creatinine

    • C.

      ALT, AST and Alk Phos

    • D.

      Fasting lipid panel

    Correct Answer
    A. Hemoglobin A1c (CMP)
    Explanation
    The commonly checked lab for a patient on diabetic medications is Hemoglobin A1c (CMP). Hemoglobin A1c is a test that measures the average blood sugar levels over the past 2-3 months, providing an indication of the patient's long-term blood sugar control. This test is important for monitoring the effectiveness of diabetic medications and making necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. BUN and Creatinine are tests used to assess kidney function, ALT, AST, and Alk Phos are liver function tests, and a Fasting lipid panel is used to evaluate lipid levels in the blood.

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  • 6. 

    The brand name for atorvastatin is

    Correct Answer
    Lipitor, lipitor
    Explanation
    The brand name for atorvastatin is Lipitor. Lipitor is a commonly used medication that contains atorvastatin as its active ingredient. It is used to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. The repetition of "lipitor" in the answer may suggest that the brand name is commonly referred to in both lowercase and uppercase letters.

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  • 7. 

    Bystolic may treat which chronic condition?

    Correct Answer
    Hypertension, hypertension, HTN
    Explanation
    Bystolic is a medication used to treat hypertension, which is commonly referred to as high blood pressure. Therefore, the correct answer is hypertension.

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  • 8. 

    True or False. Citalopram is commonly prescribed to treat depression. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Citalopram is a commonly prescribed medication for the treatment of depression. It belongs to a class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and works by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain, which helps to improve mood and reduce symptoms of depression. Citalopram is widely used and considered effective in managing depressive symptoms, making the statement "Citalopram is commonly prescribed to treat depression" true.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following medications are beta blockers? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Atenolol

    • B.

      Carvedilol

    • C.

      Diclofenac

    • D.

      Metoprolol

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Atenolol
    B. Carvedilol
    D. Metoprolol
    Explanation
    Atenolol, carvedilol, and metoprolol are beta blockers. Beta blockers are a class of medications that work by blocking the effects of adrenaline on the body's beta receptors. They are commonly used to treat conditions such as high blood pressure, angina, and heart rhythm disorders. Diclofenac, on the other hand, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. It does not belong to the class of beta blockers.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following medications are examples of narcotics?

    • A.

      Simvastatin, atorvastatin, Crestor

    • B.

      Benazepril, losartan, amlodipine besylate

    • C.

      Soma, Flexeril

    • D.

      Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Oxycontin

    Correct Answer
    D. Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, Oxycontin
    Explanation
    The medications Percocet, Vicodin, Norco, and Oxycontin are examples of narcotics. Narcotics are a class of drugs that are used for pain relief and have a high potential for abuse and addiction. These medications contain opioids such as oxycodone or hydrocodone, which act on the opioid receptors in the brain to relieve pain. They are typically prescribed for severe pain, but their misuse can lead to serious health consequences.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 13, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Susan

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