Reconciliation And Residential Schools Fact Quiz

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Reconciliation Quizzes & Trivia

A brief quiz to fill in basic knowledge gaps about the history of residential schools.
You have two hours to complete the quiz online. When you submit each question, the answer will be revealed (except for long answers, where links to information will be provided).


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the purpose of Residential Schools?

    • A.

      To allow all Canadians to better understand aboriginal culture.

    • B.

      To assimilate the children of aboriginal peoples into Canadian society.

    • C.

      To assimilate the aboriginal children into the cultural mosaic of Canadian society.

    • D.

      To assimilate aboriginal children into Canadian society, to educate them as Christians, to "kill the Indian in the child."

    • E.

      To provide employment for civil servants and a role for churches.

    Correct Answer
    D. To assimilate aboriginal children into Canadian society, to educate them as Christians, to "kill the Indian in the child."
    Explanation
    The purpose of Residential Schools was to assimilate aboriginal children into Canadian society, to educate them as Christians, and to "kill the Indian in the child." This means that the schools aimed to eradicate indigenous culture and traditions, and replace them with Canadian values and beliefs. The goal was to assimilate the children into the dominant culture and eliminate their indigenous identity.

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  • 2. 

    When did the last Residential School close down?

    • A.

      1970

    • B.

      1988

    • C.

      1996

    • D.

      2000

    • E.

      1969

    Correct Answer
    C. 1996
    Explanation
    The last Residential School closed down in 1996. This indicates that Residential Schools were still operating in Canada until relatively recently. The closure of the last school marks an important milestone in the country's history, as it signifies the end of a system that had a profound and negative impact on Indigenous communities. The closure of the last Residential School is significant in terms of acknowledging the harm caused by the assimilation policies and recognizing the importance of reconciliation and healing.

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  • 3. 

    When was the Truth and Reconciliation Commission established?

    • A.

      2001

    • B.

      1990

    • C.

      2008

    • D.

      2009

    Correct Answer
    C. 2008
    Explanation
    The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established in 2008.

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  • 4. 

    What year did the Canadian government apologize for their role in the Residential Schools?

    • A.

      1998

    • B.

      2001

    • C.

      2010

    • D.

      2008

    Correct Answer
    D. 2008
    Explanation
    In 2008, the Canadian government apologized for their role in the Residential Schools. This apology was a significant step towards acknowledging and addressing the historical mistreatment and cultural assimilation of Indigenous peoples in Canada. It was a recognition of the harm caused by the Residential School system and a commitment to reconciliation and healing.

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  • 5. 

    Why are residential schools referred to as part  of the genocide of aboriginal people?

    • A.

      High mortality rate in residential schools

    • B.

      Conform to the UN definition of genocide

    • C.

      Discovery of mass graves of aboriginal children

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    http://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/pamela-palmater/2011/11/unbelievable-undeniable-genocide-canada
    http://media.knet.ca/node/3685

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  • 6. 

    Were all aboriginal children put into residential schools during the period they existed?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    Education in a federally-run or church-run school was compulsory. However, some students went to day schools. Residential schools often became day schools later in the century. Students at days schools were not eligible for compensation.

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  • 7. 

    List 5 films about the residential school experience.

  • 8. 

    List 5 books (novels, plays, poetry collections, autobiographies or anthologies) about the residential school experience.

  • 9. 

    What are intergenerational impacts? Identify five forms.

  • 10. 

    There were 139 federally-, provincially-, and church-administered residential schools.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    For purposes of providing compensation to former students the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement has identified 139 residential schools. This does not represent the full number of residential schools that operated in Canada. In particular, it excludes any school that operated without federal government support. There were residential schools that were run solely religious orders or provincial governments (or in some partnership between the two.) Furthermore, many of the concerns that have been raised about residential schools in terms of the treatment of students have also been raised about day schools that were operated for Aboriginal students with the support of the federal and provincial governments as well as by religious organizations.

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  • 11. 

    The number of children who attended residential schools is approximately

    • A.

      50,000

    • B.

      100,000

    • C.

      150,000

    • D.

      200,000

    Correct Answer
    C. 150,000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 150,000. This number represents the approximate number of children who attended residential schools. These schools were operated in Canada from the late 1800s to the 1990s with the aim of assimilating Indigenous children into Euro-Canadian culture. The children were forcibly separated from their families and communities, and the conditions in these schools were often harsh and abusive. The impact of residential schools on Indigenous communities has been profound and continues to be felt to this day.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following did poet and Superintendent of Indian Affairs Duncan Campbell Scott NOT write or do?

    • A.

      "Our objective is to continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed into the body politic."

    • B.

      Suppress a medical inspector's report entitled "A National Crime" detailing the health conditions in residential schools.

    • C.

      Outlaw the Potlatch.

    • D.

      "It is readily acknowledged that Indian children lose their natural resistance to illness by habituating so closely in the residential schools, and that they die at a much higher rate than in their villages. But this alone does not justify a change in the policy of this Department, which is geared towards a final solution of our Indian Problem."

    • E.

      "Indian children can learn and absorb nothing from their ignorant parents but barbarism."

    • F.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. "Indian children can learn and absorb nothing from their ignorant parents but barbarism."
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that Duncan Campbell Scott did NOT write or say "Indian children can learn and absorb nothing from their ignorant parents but barbarism." This suggests that Scott did not hold the belief that Indigenous children could only learn negative or uncivilized behavior from their parents.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following national churches offered formal apologies to residential school survivors?

    • A.

      United Church

    • B.

      Presbyterian Church

    • C.

      Roman Catholic Church

    • D.

      Anglican Chrch

    • E.

      Lutheran Church

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. United Church
    B. Presbyterian Church
    D. Anglican Chrch
    Explanation
    The Vatican issued a statement of "regret" and left apologies to individual churches. Only one of these made an apology. The Lutheran church was not involved in residential schools.

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  • 14. 

    What are the five main components of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement?

    • A.

      Healing

    • B.

      Commemoration

    • C.

      Truth and Reconciliation

    • D.

      Independent Assessment Process

    • E.

      Common Experience Payment

    • F.

      Legal aid

    • G.

      Aboriginal Healing Foundation

    • H.

      Truth and Reconciliation Commission

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Healing
    B. Commemoration
    C. Truth and Reconciliation
    D. Independent Assessment Process
    E. Common Experience Payment
    G. Aboriginal Healing Foundation
    H. Truth and Reconciliation Commission
    Explanation
    http://www.legacyofhope.ca/about-residential-schools/indian-residential-schools-settlement-agreement

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  • 15. 

    Who are the commissioners of the TRC?

    • A.

      Justice Murray Sinclair

    • B.

      Chief Shawn Atleo

    • C.

      Dr. Marie Wilson

    • D.

      Chief Wilton Littlechild

    • E.

      Chief Theresa Spence

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Justice Murray Sinclair
    C. Dr. Marie Wilson
    D. Chief Wilton Littlechild
    Explanation
    http://www.trc.ca/websites/trcinstitution/index.php?p=4

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  • 16. 

    Name 6 books by aboriginal authors (plays, fiction, non-fiction, poetry etc.) that deal with the residential school experience.

  • 17. 

    Name 5 films (of any genre) that deal with the residential school experience.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 29, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Asrivast

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