Personality Psychologists Quiz 4

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 134

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Personality psychology and clinical psychology overlap most when apporaching
    • A. 

      Personality processes

    • B. 

      Personality disorders

    • C. 

      Personality development

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    The taks of an employer who attempts to identify dependable, cosceintious, and hard working job applicants is similar to the task of the ______ psychologist, who attempts to ientify and assess individual differences.
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Trait

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Behavioral

  • 3. 
    Intrapersonal processes include
    • A. 

      Communication between people

    • B. 

      The emotions that we experience

    • C. 

      Conflicts between the family members

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 4. 
    Psychologists following the phenomenological apporach 
    • A. 

      Focus on the workings of the unconscious mind and the resolution of internal mental conflict

    • B. 

      Study how overt behavior is affected by rewards and punishments

    • C. 

      Build theoretical models of how people process information

    • D. 

      Are concerned with out conscious experience of the world and the consequences of having free will

  • 5. 
    The personality pradigm that focuses on rewards and punishments is known as the _____ paradigm
    • A. 

      Trait

    • B. 

      Behaviorist

    • C. 

      Phenomenological

    • D. 

      Psychoanlytic

  • 6. 
    Personality psychologists ahering to the _____ apporach focus on psychic energy, the workings of the unconscious mind, and the nature and resolution of internal mental conflict
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Trait

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Phenomenological

  • 7. 
    The purpose of a basic apporach (or paradigm) is 
    • A. 

      To expand the range of data you consider

    • B. 

      To integrate diverse perspectives

    • C. 

      To limit inquiry to certain kinds of observations and patterns

    • D. 

      To resolve contradictions in data

  • 8. 
    That trait apporach, the behaviorist approach, and the psychoanalytic approach
    • A. 

      Are irreconcilable and contradictory views of human psychology

    • B. 

      Are all part of the One Big Theory

    • C. 

      All address the biological basis of human psychology

    • D. 

      Address different sets of questions about human psychology

  • 9. 
    Personality psychology has a variety of theoretical persepectives that are sometimes seen as competing with each other. Regarding this diversity, a major theme of this text book is:
    • A. 

      The personality puzzle will never be solved

    • B. 

      The One Big Theory (OBT) can account for everything in personality

    • C. 

      Great strengths are usually great weaknesses

    • D. 

      A single basic approach must be chosen as best on the basis of rigorous data analysis

  • 10. 
    Personality psychologists who adhere to the ________ approach focus on identifying, conceptualizing, and measuring the ways in which people differ psychologically from one another.
    • A. 

      Psychoanlytic

    • B. 

      Trait

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Phenomenological

  • 11. 
    The unique mandate of personality psychologists is to attempt
    • A. 

      To identify and measure individual differences in ability and behavior

    • B. 

      To determine the effect of the social environment on behavior

    • C. 

      To explain, whole, functioning persons in their social context

    • D. 

      To prevent or treat psychological personality disorders

  • 12. 
    The unique mandate of personality psychologists is to attempt
    • A. 

      To identify and measure individual differences in ability and behavior

    • B. 

      To determine the effect of the social environment on behavior

    • C. 

      To explain, whole, functioning persons in their social context

    • D. 

      To prevent or treat psychological personality disorders

  • 13. 
    Which formula in psychometrics quantifies the principle of aggregation? 
    • A. 

      Alpha

    • B. 

      Spearman-Brown

    • C. 

      Kappa

    • D. 

      Kaiser-Guttma

  • 14. 
    In order to examine the relationship between early life experiences and adult criminality, Dr. Robbins asks his research participants to fill out questionnaires describing their early life. He then obtains copies of their arrest records from the county courthouse. The questionnaires used in Dr. Robbins’s study would be ________ data, whereas the arrest records would be ________ data.
    • A. 

      L;B

    • B. 

      S;I

    • C. 

      S;L

    • D. 

      B;L

  • 15. 
    The fact that life outcomes are mulit-determined is the biggest disadvantage of L data
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Reliability and validity are both aspects of a broder concept called
    • A. 

      Factorial invariance

    • B. 

      Psychometric integrity

    • C. 

      Measurement equivalence

    • D. 

      Generalizability

  • 17. 
    A reseacher asks parents to report on the persoanlity characteristics of their children. This is an example of ____ data.
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      I

    • C. 

      L

    • D. 

      S

  • 18. 
    Which kind of data would probably appeal most to an applied psychogist who is keenly interested in predicting workplace deviance?
    • A. 

      S

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      I

    • D. 

      L

  • 19. 
    Observing how fast someone walks after an experimental prime is an example of L data
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    According to the text, it is reasonable to first assume that almost all psychological findings lack generalizibility 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The techinical meaning of reliability concerns
    • A. 

      How much measurement error is present in your assessment intrument

    • B. 

      Whether or not an instrument accurately assesses the construct it is intended to measure

    • C. 

      Whether or not an instrument correlates with a similar measure of the same construct

    • D. 

      Whether or not a sample participants resonably represents the population of interest

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is the best definition of validity?
    • A. 

      The degree to which an instrument yields consistent scores

    • B. 

      The degree to which measurement error affects scores on an instrument

    • C. 

      The degree to which an instrument actually reflects the construct of interest

    • D. 

      The degree to which an instrument yields dependable scores

  • 23. 
    Answers to projective tests such as the Rorschach ink blots are considered B data
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The MMPI was designed
    • A. 

      To assess individuals with psychological disorders

    • B. 

      To assess normal individuals

    • C. 

      To identify the Big Five personality factors

    • D. 

      To assess Jung's psychological types

  • 25. 
    What is the ultimate criterion for judging a measure of personality? 
    • A. 

      Whether its reliable

    • B. 

      Whether it is internally consistent

    • C. 

      Whether it predicts behavior

    • D. 

      Whether it has content validity