Psychology Chapter 11: Personality

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 725

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Personality Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A psychologist who studies personality may ask people to discuss events in their childhood and may also ask them how they might respond to a hypothetical event. Why?
    • A. 

      Because all personality characteristics are environmentally determined.

    • B. 

      Because they want to detect the existence of defense mechanisms.

    • C. 

      Because an understanding of prior and anticipated events is crucial to explaining personality.

    • D. 

      Because they are looking for hidden motives and desires.

  • 2. 
    Because projective tests are based on __________, they are a controversial practice in psychology.
    • A. 

      Implicit measures of personality

    • B. 

      Physiological responses

    • C. 

      The interpretation of the responder

    • D. 

      The interpretation of the scorer

  • 3. 
    The ______ is the most well-known self-report measure of personality.
    • A. 

      Rorschach

    • B. 

      TAT

    • C. 

      MMPI

    • D. 

      WAIS

  • 4. 
    Most researchers using factor analysis agree that ___________________ are the core traits of personality.
    • A. 

      Conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to experience, and extraversion

    • B. 

      Openness to experience, neuroticism, and agreeableness

    • C. 

      Anger, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise

    • D. 

      Orderliness, happiness, extraversion, and introversion

  • 5. 
    Which trait best describes someone who is regularly late to meetings, cannot keep his class schedule organized, and often misplaces things?
    • A. 

      Singular

    • B. 

      Disorganized

    • C. 

      Aggressive

    • D. 

      Superficial

  • 6. 
    ___________ is a computational method that can help researchers identify core traits of personality.
    • A. 

      Multidimensional scaling

    • B. 

      Mapping

    • C. 

      Factor analysis

    • D. 

      A one-way ANOVA

  • 7. 
    According to Freud, ____________ are useful because they help us to overcome anxiety.
    • A. 

      The id, ego, and superego

    • B. 

      Drugs

    • C. 

      Personality traits

    • D. 

      Defense mechanisms

  • 8. 
    ________ is the most common result from interactions among the id, ego, and superego.
    • A. 

      Anxiety

    • B. 

      Contentment

    • C. 

      Desire

    • D. 

      Happiness

  • 9. 
    According to Freud, why do fixations occur throughout the psychosexual stages?
    • A. 

      Because of deprivation of pleasurable experiences associated with each stage.

    • B. 

      Because of an optimal amount of pleasurable experiences at each stage.

    • C. 

      Because of either deprivation or overindulgence in pleasurable experiences at a given stage.

    • D. 

      Because of overindulgence in pleasurable experiences at a given stage.

  • 10. 
    How does existentialism propose that an individual cope with life’s anxieties?
    • A. 

      Meditate until the negative emotions associated with the anxiety are gone.

    • B. 

      Confront and accept the anxiety and the fear of dying as part of life.

    • C. 

      Ignore the bad things in life as if they don’t exist.

    • D. 

      Develop defense mechanisms to deal with anxiety subconsciously.

  • 11. 
    In order to try and find meaning in life and contemplate what it means to be alive, you must first _________ according to humanists such as Maslow.
    • A. 

      Accept death as part of life

    • B. 

      Resolve anxiety from the interaction between the id, ego, and superego.

    • C. 

      Silence the id

    • D. 

      Satisfy basic physiological and safety needs

  • 12. 
    The __________ approach views personality as a result of our self-awareness and ability to decide how we will behave given our knowledge about life and death.
    • A. 

      Humanistic

    • B. 

      Existential

    • C. 

      Trait

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic

  • 13. 
    What do we need to know in order to predict behavior?
    • A. 

      People are unpredictable so it doesn’t really matter what we know.

    • B. 

      We need to know something about a person’s experiences in prior situations.

    • C. 

      We need to know something about a person’s personality and prior situations.

    • D. 

      We need to know something about a person’s personality.

  • 14. 
    According to the work of Mischel, what is the relationship between traits and behavior?
    • A. 

      They are not related.

    • B. 

      They are perfectly correlated.

    • C. 

      They are strongly correlated.

    • D. 

      They are somewhat correlated.

  • 15. 
    Personal constructs are:
    • A. 

      A nativist approach to the sense of well-being.

    • B. 

      Dimensions people use in making sense of their experiences.

    • C. 

      Art projects undertaken by the mentally challenged.

    • D. 

      Differences in the way situations are interpreted by different people.

  • 16. 
    Our __________ and our __________ do not always match up.
    • A. 

      Self-concepts; self-narratives

    • B. 

      Locus of control; self-concepts

    • C. 

      Egos; self-concepts

    • D. 

      Defense mechanisms; personalities

  • 17. 
    What does your agreement or disagreement with the statement, “On the whole, I am satisfied with myself,” indicate?
    • A. 

      Your locus of control

    • B. 

      Your personality type

    • C. 

      Your self-concept

    • D. 

      Your self-esteem

  • 18. 
    What is the process that describes why we feel uncomfortable when someone views us differently from how we view ourselves?
    • A. 

      Self-serving bias

    • B. 

      Self-verification

    • C. 

      Egotism

    • D. 

      Self-esteem

  • 19. 
    What characteristic do the Thematic Apperception Test and the Rorschach Inkblot Test have in common?
    • A. 

      They are both highly reliable.

    • B. 

      They are not controversial.

    • C. 

      They are standard tests of personality.

    • D. 

      They have not been found to be reliable or valid in predicting behavior.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following serves as a source of your self-esteem?
    • A. 

      Your height

    • B. 

      Your comparison group

    • C. 

      Your intelligence level

    • D. 

      Your hair color

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