Quiz 2 Introduction To Psychology

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Quiz 2 Introduction To Psychology - Quiz

This quiz covers the development of the different school of thought that emerge as the science of psychology gain popularity.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Author of Gestalt psychology

    • A.

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B.

      Fritz Perls

    • C.

      Max Wertheimer

    • D.

      Sigmund Freud

    Correct Answer
    C. Max Wertheimer
    Explanation
    Max Wertheimer is the correct answer because he was one of the founders of Gestalt psychology, along with Wolfgang Köhler and Kurt Koffka. Wertheimer conducted experiments that explored the perception of motion and the phi phenomenon, which is the illusion of perceiving continuous motion when presented with a rapid succession of still images. His work in Gestalt psychology emphasized the importance of studying perception as a whole rather than breaking it down into individual elements.

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  • 2. 

    The body fluid responsible for a person’s slow response

    • A.

      Yellow Bile

    • B.

      Black Bile

    • C.

      Phlegm or mucus

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    A. Yellow Bile
    Explanation
    Yellow bile is the body fluid responsible for a person's slow response. In ancient medical theory, yellow bile was believed to be one of the four humors or bodily fluids that influenced a person's temperament and health. It was associated with the element of fire and was believed to cause aggression, irritability, and a slow response. This concept has been largely discredited in modern medicine, but the term "yellow bile" is still used metaphorically to refer to anger or irritability.

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  • 3. 

    A specialization of psychology that investigates changes in human behavior in accordance with one’s chronological age across an entire lifespan.

    • A.

      Social Psychology

    • B.

      Developmental Psychology

    • C.

      Experimental Psychology

    • D.

      Educational Psychology

    Correct Answer
    B. Developmental Psychology
    Explanation
    Developmental psychology is a specialization of psychology that focuses on studying changes in human behavior that occur throughout a person's lifespan. This field investigates how individuals develop physically, cognitively, and emotionally as they age. It explores the influences of genetics, environment, and social interactions on human development. By understanding the changes that occur at different stages of life, developmental psychologists can gain insights into the factors that shape human behavior and contribute to individual differences.

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  • 4. 

    Methods used by Wilhelm Wundt in breaking down the content’s of a persons’ conscious experience.

    • A.

      Facilitation

    • B.

      Introspection

    • C.

      Investigation

    • D.

      Experimentation

    Correct Answer
    B. Introspection
    Explanation
    Wilhelm Wundt used introspection as a method to break down the contents of a person's conscious experience. Introspection involves self-observation and reflection, where individuals are asked to describe their thoughts, feelings, and sensations in response to certain stimuli. Wundt believed that by analyzing these subjective experiences, he could gain insight into the structure and elements of consciousness. This method allowed him to study the mind and its processes in a systematic and scientific manner.

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  • 5. 

    Carl Rogers theory that “Human Beings are Basically Good” describes the human being’s basic nature which is to:

    • A.

      Become evil

    • B.

      Become good

    • C.

      Grow and survive

    • D.

      Strive hard

    Correct Answer
    C. Grow and survive
    Explanation
    Carl Rogers' theory that "Human Beings are Basically Good" suggests that the inherent nature of humans is to grow and survive. This means that individuals have an innate drive to develop and improve themselves, as well as to adapt to their environment in order to ensure their survival. According to Rogers, humans have a natural tendency to strive for personal growth and fulfillment, and this drive is essential to their overall well-being and functioning.

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  • 6. 

    6. The behaviorist who utilized reinforcers in shaping behaviors of pigeons, mice and humans.

    • A.

      Albert Bandura

    • B.

      John B. Watson

    • C.

      Ivan Pavlov

    • D.

      BF Skinner

    Correct Answer
    D. BF Skinner
    Explanation
    BF Skinner is the correct answer because he was a behaviorist who extensively studied and utilized the concept of reinforcement in shaping behaviors. He conducted experiments with pigeons, mice, and humans to demonstrate the effects of positive and negative reinforcement on behavior. Skinner's work contributed significantly to the field of behaviorism and his principles are still widely used in psychology and education today.

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  • 7. 

    The psychologist who stated that human beings are not controlled primarily by rational and conscious processes, but rather by drives and urges hidden in the unconscious.

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Hippocrates

    • C.

      Sigmund Freud

    • D.

      John Dewey

    Correct Answer
    C. Sigmund Freud
    Explanation
    Sigmund Freud is the correct answer because he is known for his theory of psychoanalysis, which emphasized the role of the unconscious mind in shaping human behavior. Freud believed that unconscious drives and urges, such as sexual and aggressive instincts, greatly influence our thoughts, emotions, and actions. He argued that these unconscious forces often conflict with conscious rationality, leading to psychological distress and mental disorders. Freud's ideas revolutionized the field of psychology and had a profound impact on our understanding of human behavior.

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  • 8. 

    Author of the Hierarchy of Needs

    • A.

      Carl Rogers

    • B.

      Kurt Goldstein

    • C.

      Abraham Maslow

    • D.

      Alexander Simon

    Correct Answer
    C. Abraham Maslow
    Explanation
    Abraham Maslow is the correct answer because he is the author of the Hierarchy of Needs. Maslow was a psychologist who proposed a theory of human motivation based on a hierarchy of needs. According to his theory, individuals have a set of basic needs that must be fulfilled in a specific order, starting with physiological needs and progressing to safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. Maslow's theory has had a significant impact on the field of psychology and is still widely studied and applied today.

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  • 9. 

    The psychologist who brought Structuralism to the United States of America

    • A.

      BF Skinner

    • B.

      Albert Bandura

    • C.

      William James

    • D.

      Edward B. Tichener

    Correct Answer
    D. Edward B. Tichener
    Explanation
    Edward B. Tichener is the correct answer because he was a psychologist who played a significant role in bringing Structuralism to the United States of America. Structuralism is a psychological theory that focuses on the analysis of the basic elements of consciousness and how they combine to form complex mental experiences. Tichener, a student of Wilhelm Wundt, established the first psychology laboratory in the United States and introduced Structuralism to American psychology. He emphasized the importance of introspection and believed that conscious experience could be broken down into smaller components.

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  • 10. 

    Aristotle’s definition of Psychology

    • A.

      Study of Behavior

    • B.

      Study of Intelligence

    • C.

      Study of Soul

    • D.

      Study of the basic body fluids

    Correct Answer
    C. Study of Soul
    Explanation
    Aristotle's definition of psychology is the study of the soul. In ancient Greek philosophy, the soul was believed to be the essence of a person's being, encompassing their thoughts, emotions, and desires. Aristotle viewed psychology as the study of these mental processes and how they relate to behavior. He believed that understanding the soul was essential for understanding human behavior and the nature of the mind. This definition differs from modern psychology, which focuses more on the study of behavior and cognitive processes.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following research methods would be more appropriate in gathering information about the differences of personality between eastern and western children?

    • A.

      Cross cultural comparison

    • B.

      Experimental study

    • C.

      Case study

    • D.

      Longitudinal study

    Correct Answer
    A. Cross cultural comparison
    Explanation
    Cross cultural comparison would be the most appropriate research method in gathering information about the differences of personality between eastern and western children. This method involves comparing and contrasting the behaviors, attitudes, and characteristics of individuals from different cultures. By conducting cross cultural comparisons, researchers can identify any distinct personality traits that may be influenced by cultural factors and determine how these traits vary between eastern and western children. This method allows for a comprehensive understanding of the cultural differences in personality and provides insights into the impact of culture on individual development.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 28, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Ilyabella
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