Quantum Physics

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Rajashreebasu
R
Rajashreebasu
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 7,407
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 1,871

SettingsSettingsSettings
Quantum Physics - Quiz

IB Physics


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When light is incident on a metal surface, electrons may be ejected. The following graph shows the variation with frequency f of the maximum kinetic energy Ek  max of the ejected electrons Which one of the following graphs best shows the variation with frequency f of the maximum kinetic energy Ek  max of the ejected electrons if another metal surface with a lower threshold frequency is used?

    Correct Answer
    B.
  • 2. 

    When electrons of suitable energy travel through a thin layer of graphite, a pattern of concentric circles is produced on a screen. The production of this pattern is evidence for

    • A.

      The wave nature of the electron

    • B.

      The nuclear model of the atom.

    • C.

      The particle nature of the electron.

    • D.

      The existence of X-rays

    Correct Answer
    A. The wave nature of the electron
    Explanation
    When electrons of suitable energy travel through a thin layer of graphite, a pattern of concentric circles is produced on a screen. This phenomenon is known as electron diffraction and is consistent with the wave nature of electrons. The pattern of concentric circles is similar to the interference patterns produced by waves, indicating that electrons exhibit wave-like behavior. This supports the idea that electrons can behave both as particles and waves, and provides evidence for the wave nature of the electron.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The graph shows the variation with frequency f of the maximum kinetic energy Ek of photoelectrons emitted from a metal surface S. Which one of the following graphs shows the corresponding variation for a metal surface with a higher work function? The dotted line on each graph shows the variation for metal S.

    Correct Answer
    B.
    Explanation
    The correct answer would be graph B. This is because a higher work function means that more energy is required to remove an electron from the metal surface. Therefore, the maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons would be higher for a metal with a higher work function. This is represented by the higher values of Ek on graph B compared to graph A.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    An α-particle having a de Broglie wavelength λi collides with a stationary carbon nucleus. The α-particle moves off in a different direction as shown below. After the collision, the de Broglie wavelengths of the α-particle and the carbon nucleus are λf and λc respectively. Which of the following is a true statement related to the de Broglie wavelengths?

    • A.

      λi < λf

    • B.

      λi > λf

    • C.

      λf = λc

    • D.

      λi = λc

    Correct Answer
    A. λi < λf
    Explanation
    The de Broglie wavelength is inversely proportional to the momentum of a particle. Since the alpha particle is initially moving and the carbon nucleus is stationary, the alpha particle has momentum while the carbon nucleus has zero momentum. After the collision, the alpha particle moves off in a different direction, indicating a change in momentum. As momentum increases, the de Broglie wavelength decreases. Therefore, the de Broglie wavelength of the alpha particle after the collision (λf) is smaller than the de Broglie wavelength before the collision (λi).

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which one of the following best shows the variation with kinetic energy E of the de Broglie wavelength λ associated with a particle?

    Correct Answer
    B.
    Explanation
    The de Broglie wavelength of a particle is inversely proportional to its kinetic energy. This means that as the kinetic energy of a particle increases, its de Broglie wavelength decreases. Conversely, as the kinetic energy decreases, the de Broglie wavelength increases. Therefore, the correct answer would be the option that shows a decreasing trend between kinetic energy and de Broglie wavelength.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    An electron is accelerated from rest through a potential difference V. Which one of the following best shows the variation of the de Broglie wavelength l of the electron with potential difference V?

    Correct Answer
    D.
    Explanation
    The de Broglie wavelength of an electron is inversely proportional to its momentum. As the electron is accelerated through a potential difference V, its kinetic energy and momentum increase. Therefore, the de Broglie wavelength of the electron decreases as the potential difference V increases. This is represented by option B, where the wavelength decreases as V increases.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The diagram below shows some possible electron transitions between three principal energy levels in the hydrogen atom. Which electron transition is associated with the absorption of a photon of the longest wavelength?

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The electron transition associated with the absorption of a photon of the longest wavelength is represented by option B in the diagram. This is because the longer the wavelength of a photon, the lower its energy. In option B, the electron is transitioning from the third energy level to the second energy level, which requires the absorption of a photon with lower energy. Therefore, this transition corresponds to the absorption of a photon with the longest wavelength.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The diagram below shows three energy levels of a certain atom.

    • A.

      1/3

    • B.

      1/2

    • C.

      2

    • D.

      3

    Correct Answer
    C. 2
    Explanation
    The energy levels of an atom are represented by the numbers 1/3, 1/2, 2, and 3. The correct answer is 2, which indicates that the atom is in the second energy level. This means that the atom has absorbed or released an amount of energy that corresponds to the transition between the first and second energy levels.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The diagram below shows four energy levels in an atom, together with some possible electron transitions. Which one of the following best represents the emission line spectrum produced from these transitions?

    Correct Answer
    A.
    Explanation
    The diagram shows four energy levels in an atom and the possible electron transitions between them. The emission line spectrum represents the specific wavelengths of light emitted when an electron moves from a higher energy level to a lower energy level. The correct answer would be the diagram that shows discrete lines at specific wavelengths, indicating that only certain transitions are occurring. This is because each transition corresponds to a specific energy difference between the energy levels, resulting in the emission of light at a specific wavelength.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Light is incident on two different metal surfaces L and H. The metals are in a vacuum. The surface L has a lower work function energy than surface H.          Which of the following graphs best shows the variation with frequency f of the maximum kinetic energy EMAX of photo-electrons emitted from both surfaces.

    Correct Answer
    C.
    Explanation
    The graph that best shows the variation with frequency f of the maximum kinetic energy EMAX of photo-electrons emitted from both surfaces would be a straight line with a positive slope. This is because the maximum kinetic energy of photo-electrons is directly proportional to the frequency of the incident light. As the frequency increases, the maximum kinetic energy of the photo-electrons also increases. Since surface L has a lower work function energy than surface H, it would require less energy for electrons to be emitted from surface L compared to surface H. Therefore, the graph for surface L would start at a lower maximum kinetic energy compared to surface H.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.