PTCB Practice Test 7

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Mary Kagchelland
M
Mary Kagchelland
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 10 | Total Attempts: 63,426
Questions: 41 | Attempts: 2,064

SettingsSettingsSettings
PTCB Practice Test 7 - Quiz

Hey let's learn some medical terms. This can definitely help you INTERPRET DOCTOR TALK.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does the medical term "angina" mean?

    • A.

      Back pain

    • B.

      Neck pain

    • C.

      Chest pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Chest pain
    Explanation
    The medical term "angina" refers to chest pain. This type of pain occurs when the heart muscle does not receive enough blood and oxygen. It is often described as a squeezing or pressure sensation in the chest. Angina can be a symptom of coronary artery disease, which is a condition where the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked. It is important to seek medical attention if experiencing chest pain, as it can be a sign of a heart attack or other serious heart conditions.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What does the medical term "Chronic" mean

    • A.

      Lasts for a long period of time

    • B.

      Lasts for a short period of time

    • C.

      Lasts for a few seconds

    Correct Answer
    A. Lasts for a long period of time
    Explanation
    The medical term "Chronic" refers to a condition or disease that lasts for a long period of time. It is the opposite of an acute condition, which is short-term or temporary. Chronic conditions often require ongoing management and treatment to control symptoms and prevent complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What does the medical term "Inflammation" mean?

    • A.

      Only kidneys becomes reddened, swollen, hot, often painful caused by an injury or infection

    • B.

      Part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, often painful caused by an injury or infection

    • C.

      Only lungs becomes reddened, swollen, hot, often painful caused by an injury or infection

    Correct Answer
    B. Part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, often painful caused by an injury or infection
    Explanation
    The term "inflammation" refers to a condition where a part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful due to an injury or infection. This can occur in various parts of the body, not just the kidneys or lungs.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What does the medical term "tonsillitis" mean?

    • A.

      Inflammation of the tonsils

    • B.

      Inflammation of the throat

    • C.

      Inflammation of the tongue

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the tonsils
    Explanation
    When you read a word with itis at the end of the word it usually means inflammation of some kind for example > hepatitis (inflammation of the liver).

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    What does the medical term "Chemotherapy" mean?

    • A.

      Treatment of disease (cancer) by using anti-histamine agents

    • B.

      Treatment of disease (cancer) by using anti-inflammatory agents

    • C.

      Treatment of disease (cancer) by using chemical agents

    Correct Answer
    C. Treatment of disease (cancer) by using chemical agents
    Explanation
    Chemotherapy refers to the treatment of disease, specifically cancer, by using chemical agents. These chemical agents are designed to destroy or inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the body. This treatment method is often used in conjunction with other therapies such as surgery or radiation to effectively combat cancer.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What does the medical term "excision" mean?

    • A.

      Process of cutting into

    • B.

      Process of cutting out; surgical removal

    • C.

      Process of sewing stitches

    Correct Answer
    B. Process of cutting out; surgical removal
    Explanation
    The medical term "excision" refers to the process of cutting out or surgically removing a part of the body, such as a tumor or lesion. It involves the complete removal of the specified tissue or organ using a surgical procedure. This term is commonly used in various medical specialties, including surgery, dermatology, and oncology, to describe the removal of abnormal or diseased tissue.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What does the medical term "Malformation" mean?

    • A.

      Process of being perfectly shaped

    • B.

      Process of not being shaped

    • C.

      Process of being badly shaped; deformed

    Correct Answer
    C. Process of being badly shaped; deformed
    Explanation
    The medical term "Malformation" refers to a process of being badly shaped or deformed. It indicates an abnormality or structural defect in the body's development or formation.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What does the medical term "Hypotension" mean?

    • A.

      High blood pressure

    • B.

      Normal blood pressure

    • C.

      Low blood pressure

    Correct Answer
    C. Low blood pressure
    Explanation
    Hypotension refers to low blood pressure.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What does the medical term "Hypertension" mean?

    • A.

      High blood pressure

    • B.

      Normal blood pressure

    • C.

      Low blood pressure

    Correct Answer
    A. High blood pressure
    Explanation
    Hypertension refers to high blood pressure. This means that the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. It is a common condition that can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Managing hypertension typically involves lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    What does the medical term "incision" mean?

    • A.

      Process of cutting into

    • B.

      Process of cutting out; surgical removal

    • C.

      Process of sewing stitches

    Correct Answer
    A. Process of cutting into
    Explanation
    The medical term "incision" refers to the process of cutting into the body. It is commonly used in surgical procedures where a small cut is made in the skin or tissue to access a specific area or perform a particular intervention. This allows healthcare professionals to perform necessary procedures such as removing a tumor, draining fluid, or repairing damaged tissues.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What does the medical term "Malignant" mean?

    • A.

      Good kind forming; spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another area

    • B.

      Bad kind forming; spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another area

    • C.

      No kind forming

    Correct Answer
    B. Bad kind forming; spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another area
    Explanation
    (mal-lig-nant)

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What does the medical term "Benign" mean?

    • A.

      Bad kind forming; non-cancerous that will spread throughout the body

    • B.

      Good kind forming; non-cancerous that will not spread throughout the body

    • C.

      Normal forming; non-cancerous that will spread throughout the body

    Correct Answer
    B. Good kind forming; non-cancerous that will not spread throughout the body
    Explanation
    (bee-nine)

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What does the medical term "Tachycardia" mean?

    • A.

      Fast heart rate

    • B.

      Slow heart rate

    • C.

      Normal heart rate

    Correct Answer
    A. Fast heart rate
    Explanation
    (tahh-ke-cardia)

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What does the medical term "Bradycardia" mean?

    • A.

      Fast heart rate

    • B.

      Slow heart rate

    • C.

      Normal heart rate

    Correct Answer
    B. Slow heart rate
    Explanation
    Bradycardia is a medical term that refers to a slow heart rate. This means that the heart is beating at a rate that is lower than the normal range. A slow heart rate can have various causes, such as certain medications, underlying heart conditions, or an imbalance in the electrical signals that regulate the heartbeat. Bradycardia can lead to symptoms like dizziness, fatigue, and shortness of breath. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    What does the medical term "Insomnia" mean?

    • A.

      Individual with neasea and vomiting

    • B.

      Asleep mostly throughout the day

    • C.

      Difficulty falling asleep

    Correct Answer
    C. Difficulty falling asleep
    Explanation
    (in-som-nia)

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    What does the medical term "Eczema" mean?

    • A.

      A medical condition in which the individual has only been diagnosed with excessive itching

    • B.

      A skin disease marked by red, itching, scaly patches

    • C.

      Medical condition in which patches of skin become inflamed, hot, itching, rough, and have bleeding blisters

    Correct Answer
    C. Medical condition in which patches of skin become inflamed, hot, itching, rough, and have bleeding blisters
    Explanation
    (ek-ze-ma)

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    What does the medical term "Psoriasis" mean?

    • A.

      A skin disease marked by blisters

    • B.

      A skin disease marked by red, itching, scaly patches

    • C.

      A skin disease marked by warts

    Correct Answer
    B. A skin disease marked by red, itching, scaly patches
    Explanation
    (so-ri a-sis)

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    What does the medical term "Vertigo" mean?

    • A.

      A feeling that you are about to pass out

    • B.

      A feeling that you are about to fall down

    • C.

      A spinning sensation, when your surroundings are moving and you are not exactly moving

    Correct Answer
    C. A spinning sensation, when your surroundings are moving and you are not exactly moving
    Explanation
    Vertigo, lightheadedness, and dizziness have different meaning. Important!

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    What does the medical term "Emesis" mean?

    • A.

      Patient emergency

    • B.

      Nausea

    • C.

      Vomiting

    Correct Answer
    C. Vomiting
    Explanation
    The medical term "Emesis" refers to the act of vomiting. It is the forceful expulsion of the contents of the stomach through the mouth. Vomiting is a reflex action that can be triggered by various factors such as nausea, food poisoning, motion sickness, or as a symptom of certain medical conditions. It is the body's way of getting rid of harmful substances or irritants from the stomach.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    What does the medical term "Fatigue" mean?

    • A.

      Full of energy

    • B.

      Extremely tired

    • C.

      Extremely sick

    Correct Answer
    B. Extremely tired
    Explanation
    The medical term "fatigue" refers to a state of extreme tiredness or exhaustion. It is characterized by a lack of energy and motivation, making it difficult to perform daily activities. Fatigue can be caused by various factors such as lack of sleep, physical exertion, medical conditions, or mental health issues. It is important to address and manage fatigue as it can significantly impact a person's quality of life and overall well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    What does the medical term "Epilepsy" mean?

    • A.

      Frequent urination

    • B.

      Frequent seizures

    • C.

      Frequent bleeding

    Correct Answer
    B. Frequent seizures
    Explanation
    (epi-lep-sy)

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    What does the medical term "Dementia" mean?

    • A.

      Loss of vision, inability to see

    • B.

      Loss of bones, inability to walk, run, etc

    • C.

      Short-term loss of memory, confusion, inability to problem-solve, inability to complete multi-step activities (such as preparing a meal,etc)

    Correct Answer
    C. Short-term loss of memory, confusion, inability to problem-solve, inability to complete multi-step activities (such as preparing a meal,etc)
    Explanation
    Dementia refers to a condition characterized by short-term loss of memory, confusion, inability to problem-solve, and difficulty in completing multi-step activities. It does not involve loss of vision or loss of bones.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    What does the medical term "Attention deficit Disorder (ADD)" mean?

    • A.

      Having more than 1 personality, constant mood swings

    • B.

      Difficulty concentrating, focusing, staying still

    • C.

      Difficulty walking, frequent tremors occur

    Correct Answer
    B. Difficulty concentrating, focusing, staying still
    Explanation
    Studies show that ADD and ADHD mean the same and can be treated the same as well. To diagnose a child or an adult with these two disorders, depends which symptoms occur the most/frequent.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    What does the medical term "Otitis Media" mean?

    • A.

      Inflammation of the middle ear

    • B.

      Inflammation of the eye

    • C.

      Inflammation of the throat

    Correct Answer
    A. Inflammation of the middle ear
    Explanation
    The medical term "Otitis Media" refers to inflammation of the middle ear. This condition occurs when the middle ear becomes infected or inflamed, often due to a bacterial or viral infection. It can cause symptoms such as ear pain, fluid buildup, and hearing loss. Treatment typically involves antibiotics and pain relievers to alleviate the inflammation and infection.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    What does the medical term "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)" mean?

    • A.

      Condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak forward from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

    • B.

      Condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

    • C.

      Condition in which the stomach contents (only food) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

    Correct Answer
    B. Condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.
    Explanation
    The medical term "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)" refers to the condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    What does the medical term "Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)" mean?

    • A.

      Disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping when urinating

    • B.

      Disorder that involves no abdominal pain and cramping, only changes in bowel movements.

    • C.

      Disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping, as well as changes in bowel movements.

    Correct Answer
    C. Disorder that involves abdominal pain and cramping, as well as changes in bowel movements.
    Explanation
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a medical condition characterized by abdominal pain and cramping, along with changes in bowel movements. It is a chronic disorder that affects the large intestine and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation, or both. The exact cause of IBS is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of factors including abnormal muscle contractions in the intestine, inflammation, and changes in the gut microbiome.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    What does the medical term "Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD)" mean?

    • A.

      An ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is not usually acidic but painful

    • B.

      An ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually not painful but acidic

    • C.

      An ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and painful

    Correct Answer
    C. An ulcer of an area of the gastrointestinal tract that is usually acidic and painful
    Explanation
    Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) refers to the formation of ulcers in the gastrointestinal tract, specifically in the stomach or the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). These ulcers are typically caused by an imbalance between the acidic digestive juices and the protective lining of the stomach and duodenum. As a result, the ulcers are usually found in areas that are acidic and cause pain.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    What does the medical term "Arrhythmia" mean?

    • A.

      Irregular heart beats

    • B.

      Normal heart beats

    • C.

      Slow heart beats

    Correct Answer
    A. Irregular heart beats
    Explanation
    (ah-rith-mia)

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    What does the medical term "Myocardinal Infartion (MI)" mean?

    • A.

      Another word for heart muscle

    • B.

      Another word for heart attack, when the heart muscle dies or damaged because of an inadequate supply of oxygen to that area

    • C.

      Inflammation of the heart

    Correct Answer
    B. Another word for heart attack, when the heart muscle dies or damaged because of an inadequate supply of oxygen to that area
    Explanation
    "Myocardinal Infartion (MI)" is another term for a heart attack. It refers to the death or damage of the heart muscle due to a lack of oxygen supply to that specific area.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    What does the medical term "Thrombosis" mean?

    • A.

      Blood clot is within the nervous system

    • B.

      Blood clot is within the digestive system

    • C.

      Blood clot is within the vascular system

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood clot is within the vascular system
    Explanation
    Thrombosis refers to the formation of a blood clot within the vascular system. This means that the clot is formed within the blood vessels, which can obstruct blood flow and potentially lead to serious health complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    What does the medical term "Hyperglycemia" mean?

    • A.

      Excessive amounts of sugar in the blood

    • B.

      Deficient amounts of sugar in the blood

    • C.

      Normal amounts of sugar in the blood

    Correct Answer
    A. Excessive amounts of sugar in the blood
    Explanation
    Opposite of Hyperglycemia would be Hypoglycemia which means deficient amounts of sugar in the blood.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    What does the medical term "Apnea" mean?

    • A.

      Lack of temporary breathing, usually during sleep

    • B.

      Lack of vision, usually around light

    • C.

      Hair loss

    Correct Answer
    A. Lack of temporary breathing, usually during sleep
    Explanation
    Apnea refers to a condition where a person temporarily stops breathing, typically during sleep. This interruption in breathing can last for a few seconds to a few minutes and can occur multiple times throughout the night. It is often associated with snoring and can lead to daytime sleepiness and other health issues if left untreated.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    What does the medical term "Edema" mean?

    • A.

      Excess fat collecting in the tissues of the body

    • B.

      Excess glucose collecting in the cavities and tissues of the body

    • C.

      Excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body

    Correct Answer
    C. Excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body
    Explanation
    Edema refers to the accumulation of excess watery fluid in the cavities or tissues of the body. This can cause swelling and discomfort in the affected areas. It is often a symptom of an underlying medical condition such as heart failure, kidney disease, or liver disease. Treatment for edema typically involves addressing the underlying cause and may include medications, lifestyle changes, and the use of compression garments.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    What does the medical term "Diuresis" mean?

    • A.

      Excessive flow of urination

    • B.

      Excessive flow of blood

    • C.

      Excessive flow of liquids

    Correct Answer
    A. Excessive flow of urination
    Explanation
    (di u-re sis)

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    What does the medical term "Hyperkalemia" mean?

    • A.

      Normal amounts of potassium in the blood

    • B.

      Deficient amounts of potassium in the blood

    • C.

      Excessive anmounts of potassium in the blood

    Correct Answer
    C. Excessive anmounts of potassium in the blood
    Explanation
    Hyperkalemia refers to the condition of having excessive amounts of potassium in the blood. This medical term is used to describe a situation where the levels of potassium in the bloodstream are higher than normal. It can be caused by various factors such as kidney problems, certain medications, or hormonal imbalances. Hyperkalemia can lead to serious health complications and requires medical attention to restore potassium levels to normal.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    What does the medical term "Amnesia" mean?

    • A.

      Loss of hair

    • B.

      Loss of memory

    • C.

      Loss of movement

    Correct Answer
    B. Loss of memory
    Explanation
    Amnesia refers to a condition characterized by the loss of memory. It is a medical term used to describe the inability to recall past events, experiences, and information. This can be caused by various factors such as brain injury, trauma, certain medical conditions, or psychological factors. The individual experiencing amnesia may have difficulty remembering recent or remote memories, as well as difficulty forming new memories.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    What does the medical term "Narcolepsy" mean?

    • A.

      Tendency to faint and wake up with the tendency to fall asleep right away

    • B.

      Tendency to faint

    • C.

      Tendency to fall asleep anywhere, recurrent attacks of drowsiness and sleep

    Correct Answer
    C. Tendency to fall asleep anywhere, recurrent attacks of drowsiness and sleep
    Explanation
    The medical term "Narcolepsy" refers to a condition characterized by a tendency to fall asleep anywhere and experience recurrent attacks of drowsiness and sleep. This means that individuals with narcolepsy may have sudden and uncontrollable episodes of sleepiness, which can occur at any time and in any situation. These episodes can be disruptive to daily life and can significantly impact a person's ability to stay awake and alert.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    What does the medical term "Glaucoma" mean?

    • A.

      Eye disease that affects the nerves and may lead to blindness

    • B.

      Eye disease that you cannot see through the eye lens

    • C.

      Eye disease with excessive tearing

    Correct Answer
    A. Eye disease that affects the nerves and may lead to blindness
    Explanation
    Glaucoma is a medical term that refers to an eye disease that affects the nerves and can potentially result in blindness. It is a condition characterized by increased pressure in the eye, which damages the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss if left untreated.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    What does the medical term "Catheter" mean?

    • A.

      A special pump used to extract medication

    • B.

      Flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity to remove fluids (particularly the bladder)

    • C.

      A special needle that is inserted in the arm to remove poison

    Correct Answer
    B. Flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity to remove fluids (particularly the bladder)
    Explanation
    A catheter is a flexible tube that is inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity, typically the bladder, to remove fluids. It is used in medical procedures to drain urine, administer medication, or monitor certain bodily functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    What does the medical term "Gout" mean?

    • A.

      Painful sensation that affects the big thumb (hand)

    • B.

      Pain in the stomach caused by acidic foods

    • C.

      Most painful forms of arthritis caused by too much uric acid building up in the body

    Correct Answer
    C. Most painful forms of arthritis caused by too much uric acid building up in the body
    Explanation
    Gout can cause the big toe to swell, it can become red, sore and warm. Also gout can lead to kidney stones.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    Here is a link to help you understand medical words such as root words, suffixes, prefixes, etc. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/medicalwords.html

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.