# PTCB Practice Exam 11/10

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Practice test for PTCB Exam

• 1.

### You have received a script that reads 2gtt OU BID. What will the label placed on the patients packaging read?

• A.

Two Drops in both ears two times daily.

• B.

Two Drops in both eyes two times daily.

• C.

Two Drops in right ear three times a day.

• D.

Two drops in left eye two times daily.

B. Two Drops in both eyes two times daily.
Explanation
The script "2gtt OU BID" indicates that the patient should receive "Two Drops in both eyes two times daily." The abbreviation "OU" stands for "oculus uterque," which means "both eyes." "BID" is an abbreviation for "bis in die," which means "twice a day." Therefore, the label on the patient's packaging will read "Two Drops in both eyes two times daily."

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• 2.

### Convert 25°C to F°.

• A.

36°F

• B.

50°F

• C.

77°F

• D.

69°F

C. 77°F
Explanation
To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit, you can use the formula F = (C * 9/5) + 32. Plugging in the given value of 25°C into the formula, we get (25 * 9/5) + 32 = 77°F. Therefore, the correct answer is 77°F.

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• 3.

### A 14 year old boy weights 110 lbs. He is prescribed by his Doctor to take 5mg/Kg of drug "A" daily. What will his dose be?

• A.

1200mg

• B.

1250mg

• C.

150mg

• D.

250mg

D. 250mg
Explanation
The correct answer is 250mg because to calculate the dose, we need to multiply the weight of the boy (110 lbs) by the prescribed dose per kg (5mg). This gives us 550mg. However, since the question asks for the dose in mg, we need to convert the weight from lbs to kg. 110 lbs is approximately 49.9 kg. Multiplying 49.9 kg by 5mg gives us 249.5mg, which can be rounded to 250mg.

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• 4.

### C C X L is equal to:

• A.

2540

• B.

265

• C.

2040

• D.

240

D. 240
Explanation
The given Roman numeral representation "C C X L" can be translated to decimal form as follows: C = 100, C = 100, X = 10, L = 50. Adding these values together, we get 100 + 100 + 10 + 50 = 260. Therefore, the correct answer is 260.

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• 5.

### If 100 tablets cost 122.00, how much does each tablet cost ?

• A.

\$.12

• B.

\$1.22

• C.

\$12.20

• D.

\$.012

B. \$1.22
Explanation
To find the cost of each tablet, we divide the total cost of 100 tablets (\$122.00) by the number of tablets (100). This gives us a cost of \$1.22 per tablet.

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• 6.

### Which regulatory agency would initiate a class II recall on a prescription drug ?

• A.

DEA

• B.

OSHA

• C.

FDA

• D.

FDIC

C. FDA
Explanation
The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) is the regulatory agency responsible for ensuring the safety and efficacy of prescription drugs. They have the authority to initiate a class II recall on a prescription drug if it poses a moderate risk to the health of the patients. The DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) is responsible for enforcing controlled substance laws, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) focuses on workplace safety, and the FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) deals with insuring deposits in banks.

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• 7.

### A cart exchange in a hospital usually takes place every:

• A.

12 Hours

• B.

6 Hours

• C.

24 Hours

• D.

48 Hours

C. 24 Hours
Explanation
In a hospital, a cart exchange refers to the process of replacing or replenishing medical supplies and equipment on a cart. Since hospitals require constant access to these items, it is necessary to exchange the cart regularly. A 24-hour interval is reasonable because it allows for a sufficient supply of items while also ensuring that they are regularly checked and restocked. This interval strikes a balance between meeting the hospital's needs and managing the workload of the staff responsible for cart exchanges.

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• 8.

### 2.5 ounces is equal to:

• A.

75ml

• B.

250ml

• C.

50ml

• D.

750ml

A. 75ml
Explanation
The correct answer is 75ml because 2.5 ounces is equal to 75ml. This is a conversion question between ounces and milliliters. To convert ounces to milliliters, you can use the conversion factor of 1 ounce = 30 milliliters. Therefore, 2.5 ounces multiplied by 30 milliliters per ounce equals 75ml.

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• 9.

### Which DEA schedule contains substances with the least potential for abuse ?

• A.

Sch. 1

• B.

Sch. 4

• C.

Sch. 5

• D.

Sch. 2

C. Sch. 5
Explanation
Schedule 5 of the DEA contains substances with the least potential for abuse. This schedule includes medications that have a low potential for abuse relative to other controlled substances. These substances may have accepted medical uses and limited physical or psychological dependence when compared to drugs in other schedules.

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• 10.

### A script for Zolpidem will expire after ______ and may have up to ________.

• A.

6 Months, No Refills

• B.

12 Months, 1 year of Refills

• C.

12 Months, No Refills

• D.

6 months, 5 Refills

D. 6 months, 5 Refills
Explanation
A script for Zolpidem will expire after 6 months and may have up to 5 refills.

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• 11.

### A script for cough syrup reads 15ml PO Q4° PRN. What should you type on the patients packaging ?

• A.

A spoonfull taken orally every 4 hours as needed

• B.

One teaspoon taken orally every 4 hours as needed

• C.

One tablespoon taken orally every 4 hours as needed

• D.

15ml taken orally every 4 hours as needed --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

C. One tablespoon taken orally every 4 hours as needed
Explanation
The correct answer is "One tablespoon taken orally every 4 hours as needed" because the abbreviation "PO" stands for "per os," which means "by mouth" or "orally." "Q4°" means "every 4 hours" and "PRN" means "as needed." Therefore, the instructions indicate that the patient should take one tablespoon of the cough syrup orally every 4 hours as needed.

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• 12.

### Which is not true about HIPAA ?

• A.

Helps insure patient privacy.

• B.

Prevents healthcare fraud and abuse.

• C.

Regulates the use and disclosure of patient information.

• D.

Helps to decrease the rate of errors in pharmacy.

D. Helps to decrease the rate of errors in pharmacy.
Explanation
HIPAA, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is a legislation that aims to protect patient privacy, prevent healthcare fraud and abuse, and regulate the use and disclosure of patient information. However, it does not specifically focus on decreasing the rate of errors in pharmacy. While HIPAA does have provisions related to the security and integrity of electronic health records, its primary purpose is to safeguard patient privacy and ensure the confidentiality of their medical information.

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• 13.

### A pharmacy can order DEA Sch. 3 drugs from their wholesaler:

• A.

Using a standard invoice.

• B.

Using a credit memo.

• C.

Using a DEA Form 222.

• D.

Only with guaranteed funds

A. Using a standard invoice.
Explanation
A pharmacy can order DEA Sch. 3 drugs from their wholesaler using a standard invoice. This means that they can simply place an order for these drugs with their wholesaler and receive them through the regular invoicing process. This is a common and straightforward method for pharmacies to order drugs that fall under DEA Sch. 3 classification.

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• 14.

### With which class of FDA recall is there is a potential for serious injury or death

• A.

Class 1

• B.

Class 2

• C.

Class 3

• D.

Class 4

A. Class 1
Explanation
Class 1 is the correct answer because it is the class of FDA recall that indicates a potential for serious injury or death. Class 1 recalls are the most serious type of recall, involving products that have a high risk of causing harm or death to consumers. These recalls are issued when there is evidence that the product poses a significant health hazard and immediate action is required to address the issue.

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• 15.

### An eight year old boy weights 75 Lbs. The adult dosage of Drug C is 400mg. The childrens dosage using Clarks rule is:

• A.

100mg

• B.

150mg

• C.

200mg

• D.

250mg

C. 200mg
Explanation
Clark's rule is a method used to calculate pediatric drug dosages based on a child's weight. According to Clark's rule, the formula to calculate the pediatric dosage is (child's weight in lbs / 150) * adult dosage. In this case, the child weighs 75 lbs. Using Clark's rule, the calculation would be (75 / 150) * 400 = 200mg. Therefore, the correct children's dosage using Clark's rule is 200mg.

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• 16.

### Dr. Acosta has a practice in Delaware and recieved her DEA number in 1988. What will the two letters in her DEA number prefix be ?

• A.

DB

• B.

DA

• C.

BA

• D.

C. BA
Explanation
The DEA number is a unique identifier assigned to healthcare providers who are authorized to prescribe controlled substances. The first letter in the DEA number prefix represents the provider's last name, while the second letter represents the first letter of their first name. In this case, since Dr. Acosta's last name starts with an "A" and her first name starts with a "D," the two letters in her DEA number prefix would be "BA."

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• 17.

### Which size of needle has the largest diameter ?

• A.

18 Gauge

• B.

16 Gauge

• C.

20 Gauge

• D.

14 Gauge

D. 14 Gauge
Explanation
The size of a needle is determined by its gauge, which refers to the diameter of the needle. The larger the gauge number, the smaller the diameter of the needle. Therefore, the needle with the largest diameter would have the smallest gauge number. In this case, the 14 gauge needle has the largest diameter compared to the other options.

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• 18.

### What is the primary function / use for Rosiglitazone ?

• A.

Anti-Convulsant

• B.

Hypertension

• C.

Anti-Diabetic

• D.

Proton Pump Inhibitor

C. Anti-Diabetic
Explanation
Rosiglitazone is primarily used as an anti-diabetic medication. It belongs to a class of drugs called thiazolidinediones, which work by increasing the body's sensitivity to insulin and improving blood sugar control. This medication helps to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is not used as an anti-convulsant, for hypertension, or as a proton pump inhibitor.

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• 19.

### A ___________ distributes HEPA filtered air into a work area to maintain a sterile environment.

• A.

Cleanroom Fan

• B.

Laminar Flow Hood

• C.

Class 100 Airfan

• D.

Micron filter fan

B. Laminar Flow Hood
Explanation
A laminar flow hood is a device that distributes HEPA filtered air into a work area to maintain a sterile environment. It is specifically designed to provide a controlled airflow that prevents the introduction of contaminants and particles into the work area. The HEPA filter in the laminar flow hood removes airborne particles, ensuring a clean and sterile environment for tasks such as laboratory work or pharmaceutical manufacturing.

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• 20.

### How many Tablespoons are in 16 Ounces ?

• A.

16

• B.

24

• C.

12

• D.

32

D. 32
Explanation
There are 32 tablespoons in 16 ounces. This is because there are 2 tablespoons in 1 ounce, so if we multiply 2 tablespoons by 16 ounces, we get 32 tablespoons.

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• 21.

### A patient weights 218 Lbs. What is their weight in Kg ?

• A.

479Kg

• B.

109Kg 409Kg

• C.

409Kg

• D.

99Kg

D. 99Kg
Explanation
To convert pounds to kilograms, we divide the weight in pounds by 2.205. In this case, dividing 218 pounds by 2.205 gives us approximately 98.87 kilograms, which can be rounded to 99 kilograms. Therefore, the correct answer is 99Kg.

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• 22.

### What regulatory agency would be responsible for the approval of a newanti-anxiety drug similar to Diazepam.

• A.

CIA

• B.

DEA

• C.

FDA

• D.

OBRA

C. FDA
Explanation
The FDA, or the Food and Drug Administration, would be responsible for the approval of a new anti-anxiety drug similar to Diazepam. The FDA is a regulatory agency that ensures the safety and effectiveness of drugs before they can be marketed and sold to the public. They review clinical trial data and assess the risks and benefits of the drug to determine if it meets the necessary standards for approval.

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• 23.

### What concentration of a sodium chloride solution would be Hypertonic ?

• A.

0.009%

• B.

0.090%

• C.

0.900%

• D.

9.000%

D. 9.000%
Explanation
A sodium chloride solution with a concentration of 9.000% would be hypertonic. Hypertonic solutions have a higher solute concentration compared to the surrounding environment. In this case, the 9.000% concentration of sodium chloride indicates that there is a high amount of solute (sodium chloride) dissolved in the solution, making it hypertonic.

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• 24.

### Which type of insulin has the shortest onset period. (the length of time before it reaches the bloodstream and begins to lower blood sugar)

• A.

Ultra-Lente

• B.

Lente

• C.

NPH

• D.

Regular

A. Ultra-Lente
Explanation
Ultra-Lente insulin has the shortest onset period compared to other types of insulin. This means that it reaches the bloodstream and begins to lower blood sugar faster than Lente, NPH, and Regular insulin.

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• 25.

### Dr. Dasani has a dental practice in Smiley, Texas. What should the final number be in his DEA number given the first 8 characters of AD380410 ?

• A.

8

• B.

2

• C.

4

• D.

5

A. 8
Explanation
The final number in Dr. Dasani's DEA number should be 8. This is because the question asks for the final number given the first 8 characters of AD380410, and the answer provided is 8.

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• 26.

### Benazepril is classified as a :

• A.

Beta Blocker

• B.

ACE Inhibitor

• C.

Calcium Channel Blocker

• D.

Diuretic

B. ACE Inhibitor
Explanation
Benazepril is classified as an ACE inhibitor. ACE inhibitors are a class of drugs commonly used to treat hypertension and heart failure. They work by inhibiting the action of the enzyme ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme), which is responsible for the production of a hormone called angiotensin II. By blocking the production of angiotensin II, ACE inhibitors help to relax and widen blood vessels, reducing blood pressure and improving blood flow. Benazepril specifically belongs to the ACE inhibitor class and is commonly prescribed for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure.

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• 27.

### You receive a Prescription that reads: Restoril 15mg PRN HS #30. What instructions will likely appear on the customers packaging ?

• A.

1 Tablespoon at bedtime as needed.

• B.

Take 1 Tablet at bedtime as needed.

• C.

Take 30 minutes before bedtime with food.

• D.

Take 1 Tablet as directed with food. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Take 1 Tablet at bedtime as needed.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Take 1 Tablet at bedtime as needed." This is the most accurate instruction based on the prescription that reads "Restoril 15mg PRN HS #30." Restoril is a brand name for the medication temazepam, which is commonly prescribed for insomnia. The prescription indicates that the customer should take 1 tablet at bedtime as needed. The abbreviation "PRN" stands for "pro re nata," which means "as needed." The abbreviation "HS" stands for "hora somni," which means "at bedtime." Therefore, the correct instructions on the customer's packaging would likely be to take 1 tablet at bedtime as needed.

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• 28.

### You receive a prescription for 15g of a Topical Steroid Cream containing a 12% concentration. Your pharmacy only has 10% and 15% concentrations. How much of each can you combine to fill this prescription ?

• A.

6g of 15% + 9g of 10%

• B.

10g of 10% + 5g of 15%

• C.

8g of 10% + 7g of 15%

• D.

12g of 10% + 3g of 15%

A. 6g of 15% + 9g of 10%
Explanation
To fill the prescription for a 15g Topical Steroid Cream with a 12% concentration, you can combine 6g of a 15% concentration cream with 9g of a 10% concentration cream. This combination will give you a total of 15g with an overall concentration of approximately 12%.

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• 29.

### Your Pharmacy has a 40% markup and \$1.75 dispensing fee. The wholesale price for 10 Sildenafil is \$120.00, what will the retail price be.

• A.

\$201.75

• B.

\$188.50

• C.

\$169.75

• D.

\$125.75

C. \$169.75
Explanation
The retail price can be calculated by adding the markup and dispensing fee to the wholesale price. The markup is 40% of the wholesale price, which is \$120.00 * 0.40 = \$48.00. The dispensing fee is \$1.75. Adding these amounts to the wholesale price gives us \$120.00 + \$48.00 + \$1.75 = \$169.75. Therefore, the retail price will be \$169.75.

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• 30.

### Which of these drugs is a Beta Blocker :

• A.

Lisinopril

• B.

Amlodipine

• C.

Valsartan

• D.

Metoprolol

D. Metoprolol
Explanation
Metoprolol is a beta blocker drug commonly used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain, and heart failure. Beta blockers work by blocking the effects of adrenaline on the beta receptors in the body, which helps to lower heart rate and blood pressure. Lisinopril, Amlodipine, and Valsartan are not beta blockers, but rather belong to different classes of drugs used to treat hypertension.

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• 31.

### A preparation consisting of solid particles dispersed throughout a liquid is called :

• A.

Syrup

• B.

Emulsion

• C.

Suspension

• D.

Elixir

C. Suspension
Explanation
A preparation consisting of solid particles dispersed throughout a liquid is called a suspension. In a suspension, the solid particles are not dissolved in the liquid but instead remain suspended and can be seen with the naked eye. This is different from a syrup, which is a concentrated solution of sugar in water, and an elixir, which is a clear, sweetened, and flavored liquid medication. An emulsion, on the other hand, is a mixture of two immiscible liquids, such as oil and water, where one is dispersed in the other in the form of small droplets.

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• 32.

### The reference list of approved drug products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations published by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is called :

• A.

RX Master List

• B.

Orange Book

• C.

TE Ratings Book

• D.

MSDS Sheets --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Orange Book
Explanation
The reference list of approved drug products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations published by the FDA is called the Orange Book. This book provides information on the therapeutic equivalence of generic drugs to their brand-name counterparts. It is an important resource for healthcare professionals, pharmacists, and patients to ensure the safety and effectiveness of generic drug products. The Orange Book helps in making informed decisions regarding the substitution of brand-name drugs with their generic equivalents.

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• 33.

### The drug Lorazepam is a :

• A.

DEA Sch II

• B.

DEA Sch III

• C.

DEA Sch IV

• D.

DEA Sch V

C. DEA Sch IV
Explanation
Lorazepam is classified as a DEA Schedule IV drug. DEA Schedule IV drugs have a low potential for abuse and a low risk of dependence compared to drugs in higher schedules. They are commonly used for medical purposes and have accepted medical uses. Schedule IV drugs, including Lorazepam, still require a prescription from a healthcare professional, but they have a lower level of control compared to drugs in higher schedules.

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• 34.

### The Sig for "Right Ear" is :

• A.

• B.

AU

• C.

AR

• D.

AS

Explanation
The Sig for "Right Ear" is AD, which stands for "Auris Dexter" in Latin. This is a medical abbreviation used to indicate the right ear.

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• 35.

### To prepare a prescription you need to measure 2.75oz. You have the following graduated cylinders available. Which would be the best cylinder to use for accuracy ?

• A.

75ml

• B.

100ml

• C.

125ml

• D.

150ml

B. 100ml
Explanation
The best cylinder to use for accuracy would be the 100ml cylinder because it is closest in volume to the required measurement of 2.75oz. The other cylinders available have larger volumes and would result in a less precise measurement.

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• 36.

### Custom mixing of drugs from various available products to fit the unique needs of a patient is known as :

• A.

Amalgamation

• B.

Concocting

• C.

Compounding

• D.

Mixology

C. Compounding
Explanation
Compounding is the correct answer because it refers to the process of custom mixing drugs from different available products to meet the specific requirements of a patient. This process involves combining, mixing, or altering ingredients to create a medication that is tailored to an individual's needs. Amalgamation refers to the act of combining or merging different things, but it does not specifically relate to drugs or medications. Concocting is similar to compounding but it generally implies creating something by mixing various ingredients, not specifically related to drugs. Mixology is the art or skill of mixing cocktails, which is not related to the custom mixing of drugs.

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• 37.

### Which is incorrect :

• A.

554 = DLIV

• B.

122 = CXXII

• C.

264 = CCLXIV

• D.

159 = CLVIIII

D. 159 = CLVIIII
Explanation
The incorrect statement is 159 = CLVIIII. In Roman numerals, the number 9 is represented as IX, not VIIII. Therefore, the correct representation of 159 in Roman numerals is CLIX.

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• 38.

### If a patient is allergic to alcohol, which of the following should they not use :

• A.

Syrup

• B.

Suspension

• C.

Elixir

• D.

Insulin

C. Elixir
Explanation
Patients who are allergic to alcohol should not use elixirs. Elixirs are oral solutions that contain alcohol as a solvent. Therefore, using elixirs can trigger an allergic reaction in patients who are allergic to alcohol. Syrups, suspensions, and insulin do not contain alcohol as a solvent and can be used safely by patients with alcohol allergies.

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• 39.

### 00006-0951-54 is the NDC code for Losartan 25mg #90. What does the middle series of numbers 0951 represent ?

• A.

Product / Formula

• B.

Manufacturer

• C.

Drug Class

• D.

Package / Quantity

A. Product / Formula
Explanation
The middle series of numbers 0951 in the NDC code represents the product/formula of the drug.

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• 40.

### A drug patent gives its inventor the exclusive rights to manufacture and market a drug. The patent lasts __ years and that period begins ______________.

• A.

10 years, upon FDA approval.

• B.

10 years, upon original filing.

• C.

20 years, upon FDA approval.

• D.

20 years, upon original filing. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. 20 years, upon original filing. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Explanation
A drug patent gives its inventor the exclusive rights to manufacture and market a drug. The patent lasts for 20 years, starting from the date of original filing. This means that once the inventor files for a patent, they have 20 years of exclusive rights to their invention before it becomes available for others to manufacture and market.

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• 41.

### Mr. Tee is a customer at your retail pharmacy. He has prescription drug coverage through his employer. When he picks up his prescription he must pay a portion of the price known as a ____________.

• A.

• B.

Deductable

• C.

Waiver

• D.

Co-Pay

D. Co-Pay
Explanation
When Mr. Tee picks up his prescription, he must pay a portion of the price known as a co-pay. A co-pay is a fixed amount that the insured person is responsible for paying at the time of receiving medical services or purchasing prescription drugs. It is typically a smaller amount compared to the total cost of the medication, and the remaining balance is covered by the insurance provider. This co-pay helps to share the cost of healthcare between the individual and the insurance company, ensuring that both parties contribute towards the expenses.

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• 42.

### Which of these temperatures would be within Controlled / Room Temperature standards.

• A.

86°f

• B.

20°c

• C.

38°f

• D.

65°c

B. 20°c
Explanation
Controlled/Room Temperature standards typically range from 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Therefore, 20°C would be within this range and considered an acceptable temperature according to these standards. The other temperatures mentioned are either too high or too low to fall within the Controlled/Room Temperature range.

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• 43.

### A physician orders an IV drip of a mixture at a rate of 25ml/hr for 20/hr. What volume of fluid will be needed ?

• A.

500mg

• B.

0.5L

• C.

1.0L

• D.

1.5L

B. 0.5L
Explanation
The physician orders an IV drip at a rate of 25ml/hr for 20 hours. To find the volume of fluid needed, we can multiply the rate (25ml/hr) by the time (20 hours). This gives us 500ml. Since 1L is equal to 1000ml, the volume of fluid needed is 0.5L.

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• 44.

### How many teaspoons are in one ounce ?

• A.

2

• B.

3

• C.

6

• D.

8

C. 6
Explanation
One ounce is equivalent to six teaspoons.

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• 45.

### You receive a prescription with the sig : Amoxil 500mg 1tab PO TID X10D. How many tablets are needed to fill this order ?

• A.

10

• B.

20

• C.

30

• D.

40

C. 30
Explanation
The prescription states that Amoxil 500mg should be taken 1 tablet by mouth three times a day for 10 days. To calculate the number of tablets needed, multiply the number of tablets per dose (1) by the number of doses per day (3) and then multiply that by the number of days (10). Therefore, 1 x 3 x 10 = 30 tablets are needed to fill this order.

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• 46.

### You receive a prescription with the sig : Amoxil 500mg 1tab PO TID X10D. Which of these is most likely their condition

• A.

Urinary Tract Infection

• B.

Hypertension

• C.

Staph Infection

• D.

Acid Reflux

A. Urinary Tract Infection
Explanation
The prescription sig "Amoxil 500mg 1tab PO TID X10D" indicates that the patient is prescribed Amoxil, an antibiotic, to be taken orally three times a day for 10 days. Amoxil is commonly used to treat various infections, including urinary tract infections. Therefore, the most likely condition for which the patient is being treated is a urinary tract infection.

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• 47.

### At your retail pharmacy a customers order totals \$22.34. They pay with two \$20 bills. The most appropriate change would be :

• A.

(3)Fives (2)ones (2)Quarters (1)Dime (1)Nickel (2)Penny

• B.

(1)Ten (1)Five (2)ones (1)Quarter (1)Dime (1)Nickel (1)Penny

• C.

(1)Ten (7)ones (1)Dime (1)Nickel (1)Penny

• D.

(1)Ten (1)Five (2)ones (2)Quarters (1)Dime (1)Nickel (1)Penny --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. (1)Ten (1)Five (2)ones (2)Quarters (1)Dime (1)Nickel (1)Penny --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Explanation
The correct answer is (1)Ten (1)Five (2)ones (2)Quarters (1)Dime (1)Nickel (1)Penny. This is the most appropriate change because it consists of the fewest number of bills and coins while still totaling \$22.34. The customer paid with two \$20 bills, which accounts for \$40. The remaining change of \$17.66 is then given in the form of ten dollar bill, a five dollar bill, two one dollar bills, two quarters, a dime, a nickel, and a penny.

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• 48.

### Which form of Diabetes is Insulin Dependent ?

• A.

Hypoglycemia

• B.

Hyperglycemia

• C.

Type I Diabetes

• D.

Type II Diabetes

C. Type I Diabetes
Explanation
Type I Diabetes is the form of diabetes that is insulin dependent. In this condition, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, leading to a lack of insulin production. As a result, individuals with Type I Diabetes require insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump to regulate their blood sugar levels. Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia are both conditions that can occur in individuals with diabetes, but they are not specific to Type I Diabetes. Type II Diabetes, on the other hand, is typically managed through lifestyle changes, oral medications, and sometimes insulin, but it is not solely insulin dependent.

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• 49.

### Which FDA recall is the least severe ?

• A.

Class IV

• B.

Class III

• C.

Class II

• D.

Class I

B. Class III
Explanation
Class III FDA recalls are considered to be less severe compared to Class I and Class II recalls. Class III recalls are issued when a product's use or exposure may cause temporary or reversible health problems, or when the probability of serious adverse effects is low. In contrast, Class I recalls are the most severe, indicating that the product poses a significant risk of serious health problems or even death. Class II recalls fall in between, indicating a potential risk of temporary or medically reversible health problems. Therefore, Class III is the least severe recall category.

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• 50.

### The acronym APAP is used for:

• A.

Aspirin

• B.

Urgently

• C.

Acetaminophen

• D.

None of the above

C. Acetaminophen
Explanation
APAP is an acronym commonly used to refer to acetaminophen. Acetaminophen is a medication commonly used to relieve pain and reduce fever. It is a non-prescription drug and is often found in over-the-counter pain relievers such as Tylenol. APAP is an abbreviation for the chemical name of acetaminophen, which is N-acetyl-p-aminophenol. This acronym is frequently used in medical and pharmaceutical contexts to refer to acetaminophen.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Nov 21, 2010
Quiz Created by
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