Psychology: Chapter 1 (Student Quiz Questions)

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Psychology: Chapter 1 (Student Quiz Questions) - Quiz

Quiz created by the 2010-2011 A. P. Psychology class
Philip G. Zimbardo


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was the founder of Psychoanalysis?

    • A.

      Max Wertheimer

    • B.

      William Wundt

    • C.

      John Watson

    • D.

      Sigmund Freud

    Correct Answer
    D. Sigmund Freud
    Explanation
    Sigmund Freud is the correct answer because he is widely recognized as the founder of psychoanalysis. Freud developed a new approach to understanding and treating mental disorders, emphasizing the role of the unconscious mind and the importance of childhood experiences. He introduced concepts such as the id, ego, and superego, and his theories had a profound impact on psychology and the field of psychotherapy.

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  • 2. 

    All Psychologists are therapists

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      Falso

    Correct Answer
    B. Falso
    Explanation
    The statement "All Psychologists are therapists" is false. While it is true that some psychologists may also work as therapists, not all psychologists are therapists. Psychologists can specialize in various fields such as research, counseling, or organizational psychology, and may not necessarily provide therapy services. Therefore, the correct answer is "False."

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  • 3. 

    What is the difference between clinical psychology and counseling psychologists? What are the similarities?

  • 4. 

    What are 6 psychological perspectives? (There are nine)

  • 5. 

    If you had to choose a field of psychology to study, which area would you choose? (please answer with 2-5 sentences)

  • 6. 

    Who was the most influential American behaviorist?

    • A.

      John Watson

    • B.

      B.F. Skinner

    • C.

      Aristotle

    • D.

      Maslow

    Correct Answer
    B. B.F. Skinner
    Explanation
    B.F. Skinner is considered the most influential American behaviorist due to his significant contributions to the field of psychology. Skinner developed the theory of operant conditioning, which emphasized the role of consequences in shaping behavior. He conducted extensive research on behavior and introduced concepts such as reinforcement and punishment. Skinner's work had a profound impact on the understanding of human behavior and influenced various fields, including education, therapy, and animal training. His ideas continue to be widely studied and applied in psychology today.

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  • 7. 

    What is confirmation bias?

  • 8. 

    Mental processes such as perception, thinking, and remembering are sometimes called:

    • A.

      Cognition

    • B.

      Neural nets

    • C.

      Social cues

    • D.

      Affective events

    Correct Answer
    A. Cognition
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cognition because cognition refers to the mental processes involved in acquiring, processing, and using information. This includes perception, thinking, and remembering. Neural nets, social cues, and affective events are not terms used to describe these mental processes.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following viewpoints would be most helpful if you were a teacher trying to understand how students work?

    • A.

      The trait view

    • B.

      The developmental view

    • C.

      Evolutionary psychology

    • D.

      Cognitive view

    Correct Answer
    D. Cognitive view
    Explanation
    The cognitive view would be most helpful for a teacher trying to understand how students work because it focuses on the mental processes involved in learning, such as perception, memory, attention, and problem-solving. By understanding how students think and process information, a teacher can better tailor their teaching methods and strategies to enhance student learning and comprehension. This viewpoint emphasizes the importance of understanding the internal cognitive processes that influence student behavior and performance in the classroom.

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  • 10. 

    ____________ and ________________ are two professions that are similar but require a different amount of school.

    Correct Answer
    Psychology and Psychiatry
    Explanation
    Psychology and psychiatry are two professions that are similar but require a different amount of school. Psychology is a field that studies human behavior and mental processes, and requires a minimum of a bachelor's degree, although many positions require a master's or doctoral degree. On the other hand, psychiatry is a branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses. To become a psychiatrist, one must complete medical school and obtain a medical degree, followed by a residency in psychiatry. Therefore, while both professions deal with mental health, psychiatry requires a longer and more extensive educational path.

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  • 11. 

    The goals of psychology are to observe, ____________, ________________, __________________.

    Correct Answer
    describe, explain, and explain
    Explanation
    Psychology aims to observe human behavior and mental processes, describing them in detail to gain a comprehensive understanding. Additionally, it seeks to explain the underlying causes and mechanisms behind these behaviors and processes. By providing explanations, psychology aims to uncover the factors that influence human behavior and provide insights into the complexities of the mind.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Sep 03, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jenkv1
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