Psyc 341 Quiz 2

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 111

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz 2 is 25 points. Chapters included on the quiz are 5-8.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    It is commonly held that STM holds ______ +/- 2 items. (Chapter 5)
    • A. 

      3 Items

    • B. 

      12 items

    • C. 

      7 items

    • D. 

      20 items

    • E. 

      10 items

  • 2. 
    The time it takes to vocalize a word for verbal comprehension is called: (Chapter 5)
    • A. 

      Phonological loop

    • B. 

      Rehearsal

    • C. 

      Verbal loop

    • D. 

      Under-your-breath loop

    • E. 

      Murmuring

  • 3. 
    The research participant H.M., in the case presented by Milner, traced a star while looking in a mirror. His performance over trials: (Chapter 5)
    • A. 

      Varied based on the particular instructions given

    • B. 

      Improved

    • C. 

      Improved the first day but then declined

    • D. 

      Remained the same

    • E. 

      Declined

  • 4. 
    Of the following what is not true regarding H.M.? (chapter 5)
    • A. 

      The hippocampus was left intact

    • B. 

      Part of his medial temporal lobe was removed

    • C. 

      He could not store information in his LTM

    • D. 

      He became amnesic

    • E. 

      He was suffering with severe epilepsy

  • 5. 
    The capacity of STM can be increased if stimuli are: (chapter 5)
    • A. 

      Chunked

    • B. 

      Presented as bits of information

    • C. 

      Meaningful geometric forms

    • D. 

      Redundant

    • E. 

      Shortened

  • 6. 
    In one comprehensive study of autobiographic memories (by Linton) it was found that the rate of forgetting was: (Chapter 5)
    • A. 

      Irregular

    • B. 

      Linear, with recent items recalled best

    • C. 

      Curvilinear, but in the opposite direction of Ebbinghaus' data

    • D. 

      Curvilinear, consistent with Ebbinghaus' data

    • E. 

      Linear, with distant items recalled best

  • 7. 
    We associate level of recall (LOR) with ________ and level of processing (LOP) with ________ and ________. (Chapter 6)
    • A. 

      Ebbinghaus; Atkinson and Shiffrin

    • B. 

      James; Atkinson and Shiffrin

    • C. 

      Zinchenko; Craik and Lockhart

    • D. 

      James; Craik and Lockhart

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    In the probe-digit experiment, time and number of items were varied to test ________ versus ________. (Chapter 6)
    • A. 

      Spreading activation; displacement

    • B. 

      Decay; rehearsal

    • C. 

      Decay; interference

    • D. 

      STM; LTM

    • E. 

      Rehearsal; priming

  • 9. 
    Three primary sites of memory functions of the brain are: (Chapter 6)
    • A. 

      The hippocampus, the cortex, and the cerebellum

    • B. 

      The olfactory bulb, the cortex, and the spinal cord

    • C. 

      The cortex, the amygdala, and the cerebellum

    • D. 

      The frontal lobe, the hippocampus, and the hypothalamus

    • E. 

      The visual cortex, the left hemisphere, and the medulla

  • 10. 
    The levels-of-processing model of memory holds that: (Chapter 6)
    • A. 

      Elaborating rehearsal is better than maintenance rehearsal

    • B. 

      Memory is a by-product of information processing operations

    • C. 

      The boxes-in-the-head models are inaccurate

    • D. 

      Deeper levels of analysis result in more durable memories

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Memory can be examined in terms of processes or in terms of its neurological basis. Metaphorically the can be thought if as: (Chapter 6)
    • A. 

      Hard drive and software

    • B. 

      Software and hardware

    • C. 

      Hardware and software

    • D. 

      Floppy disk and hard drive

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    A mnemonic such as "one is a bun, two is a shoe..." is an example of: (Chapter 7)
    • A. 

      Organization by acronym

    • B. 

      The word-rhyme technique

    • C. 

      The key word method

    • D. 

      A peg-word system

    • E. 

      The method of Loci

  • 13. 
    Regarding the Loftus study described in Chapter 7, which of the following is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Each of the two groups of research participants were asked different questions

    • B. 

      Research participants asked questions about the non-existing objects reported seeing them when asked several days later

    • C. 

      Some of the research participants were asked questions about objects that never appeared in the videos

    • D. 

      Research participants watched videos of automobile traffic

    • E. 

      All the answers above are true

  • 14. 
    In tests of forgetting in STM, time is to ________ as number of items is to ________. (Chapter 7)
    • A. 

      Interference; displacement

    • B. 

      Decay; interference

    • C. 

      Spreading activation; decay

    • D. 

      Displacement; interference

    • E. 

      Displacement; decay

  • 15. 
    Research on eyewitness memory has demonstrated that: (Chapter 7)
    • A. 

      Memory for crime events is like rewinding a movie---you "see" what happened over again

    • B. 

      Memory is accurate

    • C. 

      Memory is reconstructive

    • D. 

      Memory for crime events is similar to a flashbulb memory

    • E. 

      Memory is deconstructive

  • 16. 
    False memories are defined as: (Chapter 7)
    • A. 

      Invalid memories

    • B. 

      Lies

    • C. 

      Reconstructed stories (with or without awareness)

    • D. 

      Conscious fabrication

    • E. 

      Unconscious fabrication

  • 17. 
    Given what we know about the memory process, as illustrated by eyewitness memory research, which scenario below poses particular concerns about the quality of the memory? (Chapter 7)
    • A. 

      Memory for your child's birth

    • B. 

      Memory for your telephone number

    • C. 

      Memory for child abuse

    • D. 

      Memory for your wedding

    • E. 

      Memory for the location of your car at the mall

  • 18. 
    Using ROYGBIV to remember colors of the rainbow is an example of: (Chapter 7)
    • A. 

      Cheating

    • B. 

      Method of acronym

    • C. 

      An acrostic

    • D. 

      Scholastic studying

    • E. 

      A non-mnemonic device

  • 19. 
    DICE stands for: (Chapter 8)
    • A. 

      Delinquent Interest in Cognitive Experiments

    • B. 

      Derivative Interaction and Conscious Examples

    • C. 

      Deliberate Interpretative Conscious Experience

    • D. 

      Dissociable Interactions and Conscious Experience

    • E. 

      Data Interference and Choice Exercise

  • 20. 
    Consciousness refers to: (Chapter 8)
    • A. 

      Schematic reorganization of mental structures and verbal utterances

    • B. 

      The achievement of a higher level of thinking

    • C. 

      The realization of environmental stimuli and the cognizance of mental events

    • D. 

      The subjective awareness of internal events

    • E. 

      The effortless background processing of environmental stimuli

  • 21. 
    The AWAREness framework is designed to: (Chapter 8)
    • A. 

      Evaluate where on the conscious continuum any entity lies

    • B. 

      Describe all of the functions of consciousness

    • C. 

      Provide a model for testing hypotheses

    • D. 

      Incorporate all theories of consciousness

  • 22. 
    According to Schacter's DICE model, memory models are independent and there is ________ of conscious access to details of skilled/procedural knowledge. (Chapter 8)
    • A. 

      A lack

    • B. 

      A plethora

    • C. 

      An abundance

    • D. 

      An excess

    • E. 

      A dearth

  • 23. 
    What is the clearest distinction between consciousness and unconsciousness? (Chapter 8)
    • A. 

      Being fit or fat

    • B. 

      Being dead or alive

    • C. 

      Being hungry or full

    • D. 

      Being angry or happy

    • E. 

      Being awake or asleep

  • 24. 
    During the early twentieth century the study of consciousness was avoided because it was considered too: (Chapter 8)
    • A. 

      Mystical

    • B. 

      Soft of a science

    • C. 

      Mentalistic

    • D. 

      Simplistic

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    What is one concern with regard to studies of consciousness? (Chapter 8)
    • A. 

      That it should be studied using paper-and-pencil methods

    • B. 

      The reliability of subjective reports of conscious and unconscious experiences

    • C. 

      That it should not be studied at all because it is not scientific

    • D. 

      That it should not be studied in the laboratory

    • E. 

      That it doesn't need to be studied because we already have enough empirical evidence about consciousness

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