Professional And Ethical Issues Final Study Quiz

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 57

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Study Quiz for Professional and Ethical Issues Final.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not a necessary component of assessment according to the IDEA provisions?
    • A. 

      Acquiring consent

    • B. 

      Using multiple assessments

    • C. 

      Administering the assessment in the examinee's native language (or best feasible possibility)

    • D. 

      Using instruments that are racially and culturally unbiased

    • E. 

      All of the above are necessary provisions

  • 2. 
    According to the IDEA, when testing children with disabilities, you must ______________.
    • A. 

      Produce a general intelligence quotient

    • B. 

      Have results reflect achievement, not just deficit, for children with impaired senses

    • C. 

      Test the child in areas of similar disabilities, not just the diagnosed disability

    • D. 

      Test the children in at least two languages to make sure they're not just lacking in English fluency

  • 3. 
    Whether a test shows different content validity for different groups would be a matter of _____________.
    • A. 

      Test bias

    • B. 

      Atmosphere bias

    • C. 

      Examinee bias

    • D. 

      Examiner bias

  • 4. 
    Whether the race of the examiner results in different performance for different groups would be a matter of _______________.
    • A. 

      Test bias

    • B. 

      Atmosphere bias

    • C. 

      Examinee bias

    • D. 

      Examiner bias

  • 5. 
    Testing for internal characteristics of bias, such as whether the test behaves differently for different groups, is done using all of the following procedures except _____________.
    • A. 

      Internal consistency reliability examination

    • B. 

      Loadings on "g"

    • C. 

      Repeated measures regression analysis

    • D. 

      Factor analysis

  • 6. 
    Testing for external characteristics of bias, such as whether the test predicts future performance of different groups with the same accuracy, is done using ______________.
    • A. 

      Internal consistency reliability examination

    • B. 

      Loadings on "g"

    • C. 

      Regression analysis

    • D. 

      Factor analysis

  • 7. 
    The Education for the Handicapped Act, passed in 1975 by Ford, included all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Free and appropriate education to handicapped children

    • B. 

      Evaluation by a multi-disciplinary team

    • C. 

      Services in accordance with IEP

    • D. 

      Child placed in least restrictive environment

    • E. 

      All of the above were part of the Education for the Handicapped Act of 1975

  • 8. 
    The Education for the Handicapped Amendments (1986-1990) did all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Provided the same benefits that school-age children had to 3-5 year olds

    • B. 

      Addressed "at risk" 0-3 year olds

    • C. 

      Provided funding to states to create early intervention programs

    • D. 

      Created transition services for 16-21 year olds

    • E. 

      All of the above were part of the Education for the Handicapped Amendments of 1986-1990

  • 9. 
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 did all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Established the services for 3 to 21 year olds

    • B. 

      Created transition services for 16-21 year olds

    • C. 

      Changed the term disability to "handicapped"

    • D. 

      Created continuing education support for 21+ year olds

    • E. 

      All of the above were part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990

  • 10. 
    Which of the following would not make a toddler eligible for services?
    • A. 

      Developmental delays in cognition and speech

    • B. 

      Being born with a condition associated with a high probability of developing developmental disabilities later (like fetal alcohol syndrome)

    • C. 

      Being "at risk" for developmental delays due to factors like poverty, being born premature, or family mental illness

    • D. 

      All of the above make one eligible for services

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      From ages 0-3, children are labeled as 'child with a disability', but don't need a specific title

    • B. 

      From ages 3+, children require a specific disability label

    • C. 

      From ages 3-9, children are labeled as 'student with a disability' but don't need a specific disability label

    • D. 

      For all ages, children require a specific disability label

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is false:
    • A. 

      IDEA definition of mental retardation is focused around intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviors

    • B. 

      AAMR definition of mental retardation is focused around the amount of support and supervision individuals need

    • C. 

      DSM-IV definition of mental retardation is most used in the school setting

    • D. 

      IDEA definition of mental retardation involves 4 categories

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is not true of Emotional Disturbances?
    • A. 

      Schizophrenia qualifies as an emotional disturbance

    • B. 

      Conduct disorder does not qualify as an emotional disturbance

    • C. 

      Some children are placed in the "socially maladjusted" category instead of Emotionally Disturbed, thereby having them lose service eligibility, because "socially maladjusted" children are less efficient uses of federal money

    • D. 

      You can be diagnosed with an emotional disorder even if it's explainable by health factors

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT a downside to the discrepancy approach to diagnosing learning disabilities?
    • A. 

      Over identifies non-disabled students who are under-achieving due to other factors such as lack of motivation

    • B. 

      Establishes a "waiting to fail" system in which young children are not identified until they are old enough and have fallen back far enough.

    • C. 

      School psychologists are worried that a discrepancy based approach threatens their job security

    • D. 

      Discrepancy approach has low utility because sometimes there is no discrepancy among children with LDs

  • 15. 
    Which of the following has NOT led to an over-identification of Learning Disabilities?
    • A. 

      Poor guidelines and ambiguous definitions of learning disability diagnosis

    • B. 

      Professionals feel pressured to diagnose with something so that children can receive services

    • C. 

      Research showing diagnosis with LD leads to small-group instruction that boosts IQ scores of those children significantly above the average

    • D. 

      Low stigma associated with LD diagnosis

  • 16. 
    According to the cascade of services, which of these is a mismatch?
    • A. 

      Bottom row - most professionals per student

    • B. 

      Top row - most severely disabled

    • C. 

      Top row - smallest population

    • D. 

      Bottom row - general education

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not part of the IEP?
    • A. 

      Current performance

    • B. 

      Cognitive functioning and/or diagnoses for family members

    • C. 

      Progress measurement

    • D. 

      Accommodations for testing

  • 18. 
    As of July 1, 2012...
    • A. 

      NY schools must be using discrepancy models

    • B. 

      NY schools must allow parents to choose between discrepancy models and Response to Intervention models

    • C. 

      NY schools must meet criteria for LD using both discrepancy models and Response to Intervention models

    • D. 

      NY schools must be using Response to Intervention models

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not a downside to the Response to Intervention model?
    • A. 

      Regular education teachers will have to be trained to handle special education students

    • B. 

      School psychologists expressed fear for job security and preparedness

    • C. 

      There is little data supporting RTI effectiveness

    • D. 

      Non-responsive children may be incorrectly placed into special education classrooms

  • 20. 
    In a Response to Intervention model, when would a school psychologist engage in testing?
    • A. 

      Tier 1 - as soon as children start to show discrepancies, it's important to test them and catch them early

    • B. 

      Tier 2 - all children receiving partial support should undergo full intelligence test batteries to screen for more severe disabilities

    • C. 

      Tier 3 - when children aren't responding to partial support, it's appropriate to undergo testing and behavior assessment to provide more involved services

    • D. 

      Rarely, if ever. The whole point of the RtI model was to move away from testing in schools.

  • 21. 
    ____________ was a civil rights case in which a California judge said intelligence tests were biased against Black students, leading to over-representation of Black students in programs for people with mental retardation.
    • A. 

      Larry P vs. Riles (1979)

    • B. 

      Diana V. Board of Education (1970)

    • C. 

      Pase V. Hannon (1980)

    • D. 

      Brown V. Board of Education (1954)

  • 22. 
    ____________ led to a moratorium on IQ tests for minority students that would directly lead to special education requirements.
    • A. 

      Larry P vs. Riles (1979)

    • B. 

      Diana V. Board of Education (1970)

    • C. 

      Pase V. Hannon (1980)

    • D. 

      Brown V. Board of Education (1954)

  • 23. 
    ____________ involved a Spanish-speaking student being tested using the WISC in English and thereby getting classified as mentally retarded and being placed in a special education classroom.
    • A. 

      Larry P vs. Riles (1979)

    • B. 

      Diana V. Board of Education (1970)

    • C. 

      Pase V. Hannon (1980)

    • D. 

      Brown V. Board of Education (1954)

  • 24. 
    _____________ was a case in which Judge John Grady concluded that intelligence tests were not biased against Black people, using two different definitions of bias.
    • A. 

      Larry P vs. Riles (1979)

    • B. 

      Diana V. Board of Education (1970)

    • C. 

      Pase V. Hannon (1980)

    • D. 

      Brown V. Board of Education (1954)

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is not true about therapy?
    • A. 

      You must let your client know if you are sharing information with a supervisor

    • B. 

      You must acquire informed consent on the first session

    • C. 

      You can make a referral to a neutral clinic like Planned Parenthood without parental consent

    • D. 

      The therapist is obligated to tell the parents if the child is suspected of substance abuse

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is not true of school responses to suicide threats?
    • A. 

      If a student is suspected of being suicidal, the situation has to be reported to a designated staff member trained in suicide prevention

    • B. 

      The school must inform the parents of any suicide threats

    • C. 

      The school does not have the right to transport the student to another agency without student or parental consent.

    • D. 

      The school must have a written planned response to suicide threats

  • 27. 
    Don't have sex with your patients.
    • A. 

      Well... duh.

    • B. 

      But what if I...? No? Okay.

    • C. 

      This is stupid-- this isn't even a real question and the choices make no sense.

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is true about terminating therapy with a client?
    • A. 

      The psychologist cannot terminate therapy if the client doesn't feel ready yet.

    • B. 

      The psychologist has to make a referral for the client if they can't see them anymore, except in cases of violence or threats.

    • C. 

      If the psychologist feels the client is not likely to benefit from additional therapy, they must terminate it.

    • D. 

      If the client is being harmed by continued service, the therapist should continue with the client to find out why.

  • 29. 
    A child says "okay" to therapy, this is an example of:
    • A. 

      Consent, but not informed consent

    • B. 

      Informed consent

    • C. 

      Assent

    • D. 

      An ethical violation by the psychologist for trying to attain consent from a child instead of parent.

  • 30. 
    Informed consent must be ___________________.
    • A. 

      Just, Appropriate, and Voluntary

    • B. 

      Knowing, Appropriate, and Voluntary

    • C. 

      Knowing, Competent, and Voluntary

    • D. 

      Just, Competent, and Voluntary