Introduction To Special Education

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Introduction To Special Education - Quiz

This mini quiz is created for students to be able to attain information and in-depth knowledge about special education.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not a category of disability?

    • A.

      Orthopedic impairment

    • B.

      Traumatic brain injury

    • C.

      Digestive disorder

    • D.

      Emotional disturbance

    Correct Answer
    C. Digestive disorder
    Explanation
    The other three options (orthopedic impairment, traumatic brain injury, and emotional disturbance) are recognized categories of disability. However, digestive disorder is not typically considered a category of disability.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a law pertaining to individuals with disabilities?

    • A.

      ADA

    • B.

      ARRA

    • C.

      IDEA

    • D.

      NCLB

    Correct Answer
    B. ARRA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ARRA because ARRA stands for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which is an economic stimulus package and not a law specifically pertaining to individuals with disabilities. ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act), IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), and NCLB (No Child Left Behind) are all laws that provide protections and support for individuals with disabilities in different contexts.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not a step to the IEP process?

    • A.

      Discussion

    • B.

      Evaluation

    • C.

      Identification

    • D.

      Pre-Referral

    Correct Answer
    A. Discussion
    Explanation
    The IEP (Individualized Education Program) process typically involves several steps, including evaluation, identification, pre-referral, discussion, and development of the IEP. However, the question asks for the step that is NOT part of the IEP process. Therefore, the correct answer is "Discussion" because it is not one of the steps involved in the IEP process.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is a feature of IEP?

    • A.

      Targets preschoolers and studentswith disabilities(ages 3 to 21)

    • B.

      Led by the state education agency

    • C.

      Takes place in schools

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    IEP, or Individualized Education Program, is a feature that targets preschoolers and students with disabilities between the ages of 3 to 21. It is led by the state education agency and takes place in schools. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all of these options accurately describe the features of IEP.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following describes the word “diverse”?  

    • A.

      Being from one of the following groups: African American, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native

    • B.

      Speak another language at home other than English

    • C.

      Being from a culture different from “mainstream America”

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The word "diverse" can be described by all of the options given. It refers to being from different racial or ethnic groups (African American, Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native), speaking a language other than English at home, and being from a culture different from mainstream America. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is not a component of education for diverse students with disabilities?  

    • A.

      Multicultural education

    • B.

      English as a Second Language(ESL)

    • C.

      Reciprocal teaching

    • D.

      Self-determination

    Correct Answer
    D. Self-determination
    Explanation
    Self-determination is not a component of education for diverse students with disabilities. Self-determination refers to the ability of individuals to make choices and decisions about their own lives, set goals, and take actions to achieve those goals. While self-determination is an important aspect of education for all students, including those with disabilities, it is not specifically related to education for diverse students with disabilities. Instead, education for diverse students with disabilities focuses on providing appropriate supports and accommodations to ensure equal access to education and promoting inclusion and diversity in the classroom.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is not a characteristic of speech or language impairment?  

    • A.

      Poor voice quality, such as distracting pitch

    • B.

      Coughing

    • C.

      Inadequate vocabulary

    • D.

      Difficulty conveying messages

    Correct Answer
    B. Coughing
    Explanation
    Coughing is not a characteristic of speech or language impairment because it is a physical reflex that occurs in response to irritation or obstruction in the airway, rather than a direct impairment in speech or language production. Speech or language impairment refers to difficulties in producing or understanding speech sounds, using language to communicate, or both. Poor voice quality, inadequate vocabulary, and difficulty conveying messages are all characteristics commonly associated with speech or language impairment.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following does not promote or enhance preschoolers’ language skills?  

    • A.

      Arranging classrooms with interesting materials and providing high- interest activities

    • B.

      Making children make choices and requesting their preferred activity or the materials they want

    • C.

      Developing situations in which children are likely to need help and must communicate their needs to each other or an adult

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed promote or enhance preschoolers' language skills. Arranging classrooms with interesting materials and providing high-interest activities encourages children to engage in language-rich interactions. Making children make choices and requesting their preferred activity or materials encourages them to use language to express their preferences. Developing situations in which children need help and must communicate their needs fosters language development through communication. Therefore, none of the options listed do not promote or enhance preschoolers' language skills.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is a type of learning disability?

    • A.

      Reading/learning disability

    • B.

      Mathematics/learning disability

    • C.

      Resistant to treatment

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above is the correct answer because a learning disability can manifest in various areas, including reading, mathematics, and being resistant to treatment.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not a skill of reading?

    • A.

      Progress monitoring

    • B.

      Letter fluency

    • C.

      Phonics

    • D.

      Phonological awareness

    Correct Answer
    A. Progress monitoring
    Explanation
    Progress monitoring is not a skill of reading. Progress monitoring refers to the assessment and tracking of a student's progress in their reading abilities, but it is not a specific skill involved in the act of reading itself. Reading skills include letter fluency, phonics, and phonological awareness, which are all essential for decoding and understanding written text.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is not a characteristic of ADHD?  

    • A.

      Inattention

    • B.

      Hyperactivity

    • C.

      Inpulsivity

    • D.

      Speech delay

    Correct Answer
    D. Speech delay
    Explanation
    ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Speech delay, on the other hand, refers to a delay in the development of speech and language skills. While speech delay can co-occur with ADHD, it is not considered a characteristic symptom of the disorder.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is a type of self-management?

    • A.

      Self-monitoring

    • B.

      Self-evaluation

    • C.

      Self-reinforcement

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Self-management refers to the ability to regulate one's own thoughts, behaviors, and emotions in order to achieve personal goals. Self-monitoring involves observing and keeping track of one's own behavior and its effects. Self-evaluation involves assessing one's own performance and progress towards goals. Self-reinforcement involves providing oneself with rewards or incentives for desired behaviors. All of these practices are types of self-management as they involve actively and consciously managing one's own thoughts, behaviors, and emotions.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is not an example of internalizing behavior?  

    • A.

      Anorexia

    • B.

      Depression

    • C.

      Hyperactivity

    • D.

      Anxiety

    Correct Answer
    C. Hyperactivity
    Explanation
    Hyperactivity is not an example of internalizing behavior because it is characterized by excessive movement and restlessness, which are external behaviors that can be observed by others. Internalizing behaviors, on the other hand, are characterized by inward-focused emotions and thoughts, such as anxiety, depression, and anorexia, which are not easily observable by others.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is not a cause of emotional or behavioral disorder?  

    • A.

      Radiation

    • B.

      Biology

    • C.

      Home and Community

    • D.

      School

    Correct Answer
    A. Radiation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Radiation. Radiation is not a cause of emotional or behavioral disorder. Emotional or behavioral disorders can be caused by various factors such as biology, home and community environment, and school-related factors.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is a major component of the mental retardation defined by AAMR?  

    • A.

      Intellectual functioning

    • B.

      Adaptive behavior

    • C.

      Systems of supports

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above is the correct answer because intellectual functioning, adaptive behavior, and systems of supports are all major components of the definition of mental retardation as defined by AAMR. These components are used to assess and diagnose individuals with intellectual disabilities. Intellectual functioning refers to a person's cognitive abilities and intellectual capacity. Adaptive behavior refers to a person's ability to function independently and adapt to daily life tasks. Systems of supports refer to the resources and assistance provided to individuals with intellectual disabilities to help them thrive and reach their full potential.

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  • 16. 

    How would a pregnant woman prevent mental retardation of her unborn child?  

    • A.

      Obtain early prenatal medical care

    • B.

      Obtain good nutrition

    • C.

      Seek genetic counseling

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    To prevent mental retardation of her unborn child, a pregnant woman should obtain early prenatal medical care, which includes regular check-ups and screenings to identify any potential issues. This allows for early intervention and treatment if necessary. Good nutrition is also crucial during pregnancy as it provides the necessary nutrients for the baby's development, including brain development. Seeking genetic counseling can help identify any genetic factors that may increase the risk of mental retardation and allow for informed decision-making and planning. Therefore, all of the above options are important in preventing mental retardation in an unborn child.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is not a physical impairment?  

    • A.

      Cystic fibrosis

    • B.

      Cerebral palsy

    • C.

      Muscular dystrophy

    • D.

      Juvenile arthritis

    Correct Answer
    A. Cystic fibrosis
    Explanation
    Cystic fibrosis is not a physical impairment because it primarily affects the lungs and digestive system, rather than causing physical limitations or impairments in mobility or motor function. Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that causes the production of thick, sticky mucus that can clog the lungs and obstruct the pancreas, leading to respiratory and digestive problems. While it can have significant physical effects on the body, it is not classified as a physical impairment in the same way as conditions like cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or juvenile arthritis.

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  • 18. 

    What should a teacher do when a student is having a seizure?  

    • A.

      Give the student a glass of water

    • B.

      Protect the student’s head from injury

    • C.

      Carry the student over his/her shoulder

    • D.

      Put a blanket on the student

    Correct Answer
    B. Protect the student’s head from injury
    Explanation
    During a seizure, it is important for a teacher to protect the student's head from injury. Seizures can cause the person to lose control of their body and potentially fall or hit their head on nearby objects. By ensuring that the student's head is protected, the teacher can help prevent any further harm or injury.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is not an assistive listening device?  

    • A.

      Audio loop

    • B.

      Text telephone

    • C.

      Digital alarm clock

    • D.

      Real-time translations

    Correct Answer
    C. Digital alarm clock
    Explanation
    A digital alarm clock is not an assistive listening device because its primary function is to wake someone up with an audible alarm, rather than enhancing their ability to hear or understand sounds. Assistive listening devices are designed to help individuals with hearing impairments by amplifying sound or providing alternative ways to receive auditory information, such as through captions or real-time translations.

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  • 20. 

    Which is one of the major causes of hearing loss?  

    • A.

      Otitis media

    • B.

      Noise

    • C.

      Meningitis

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above options - otitis media, noise, and meningitis - are major causes of hearing loss. Otitis media refers to inflammation or infection of the middle ear, which can lead to hearing loss if left untreated. Exposure to loud noise, such as from machinery, music, or explosions, can damage the delicate structures of the inner ear and result in hearing loss. Meningitis, an infection of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, can cause hearing loss as a complication. Therefore, all three options can contribute to hearing loss.

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  • 21. 

    A vision impairment......  

    • A.

      Can be present at birth

    • B.

      Can occur at anytime

    • C.

      Can be part of a medical condition or syndrome

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Vision impairment can be present at birth, meaning that a person may be born with a visual impairment. It can also occur at any time during a person's life, meaning that someone who previously had normal vision may develop a vision impairment later on. Additionally, vision impairment can be part of a medical condition or syndrome, meaning that it can be associated with other health issues or genetic disorders. Therefore, all of the given options are correct explanations for vision impairment.

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  • 22. 

    Those who acquire a severe visual impairment after age 2 are________.  

    • A.

      Legally blind

    • B.

      Adventitiously blind

    • C.

      Congenital blind

    • D.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    B. Adventitiously blind
    Explanation
    Those who acquire a severe visual impairment after age 2 are referred to as adventitiously blind. This term is used to distinguish individuals who develop visual impairments later in life from those who are born with them (congenital blind). Legally blind refers to individuals whose vision is severely impaired, but they may still have some degree of functional vision.

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  • 23. 

    All are conditions of ASD except  

    • A.

      ADHD

    • B.

      Autism

    • C.

      CCD

    • D.

      Rett syndrome

    Correct Answer
    A. ADHD
    Explanation
    ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is not a condition of ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). While individuals with ASD may exhibit symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, ADHD is a separate disorder characterized by persistent patterns of these behaviors. Therefore, ADHD is not considered a condition of ASD.

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  • 24. 

    Which is a characteristic of autism spectrum disorder?  

    • A.

      Large group of friends

    • B.

      Good social skills

    • C.

      Limited social interaction

    • D.

      Unable to remember information of interest

    Correct Answer
    C. Limited social interaction
    Explanation
    Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by limited social interaction. Individuals with autism often have difficulty understanding and interpreting social cues, which can make it challenging for them to engage in typical social interactions. They may struggle with maintaining eye contact, understanding nonverbal communication, and forming and maintaining relationships with others. This limited social interaction is a key characteristic of autism spectrum disorder.

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  • 25. 

    All are under the category of very low incidence disabilities EXCEPT:  

    • A.

      Cerebral Palsy

    • B.

      Multiple-severe disabilities

    • C.

      Deaf-blindness

    • D.

      Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

    Correct Answer
    A. Cerebral Palsy
    Explanation
    The given answer is "Cerebral Palsy". This means that all of the other options (Multiple-severe disabilities, Deaf-blindness, and Traumatic Brain Injury) fall under the category of very low incidence disabilities. Cerebral Palsy is not included in this category.

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  • 26. 

    Which one is an impairment affected by Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?  

    • A.

      Cognition

    • B.

      Memory

    • C.

      Psychosocial behavior

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can affect various aspects of a person's functioning, including cognition, memory, and psychosocial behavior. Cognition refers to the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge and understanding, and TBI can impair these processes. Memory is the ability to retain and recall information, and TBI can cause memory problems. Psychosocial behavior refers to the combination of psychological and social factors that influence an individual's behavior, and TBI can lead to changes in behavior and emotional functioning. Therefore, all of the options listed (cognition, memory, and psychosocial behavior) can be impaired by TBI.

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  • 27. 

    Which one is a characteristic of multiple-severe disabilities?

    • A.

      Limited speech or communication

    • B.

      Difficulty in basic physical mobility

    • C.

      Tendency to forget skills through disuse

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Multiple-severe disabilities refer to a condition where an individual experiences a combination of various disabilities. Limited speech or communication is a characteristic as individuals with multiple-severe disabilities may have difficulty expressing themselves verbally. Difficulty in basic physical mobility is also a characteristic as these individuals may have challenges with movement and coordination. Additionally, there is a tendency to forget skills through disuse, as the lack of opportunities to practice and utilize these skills can lead to regression. Therefore, all of the above options are characteristics of multiple-severe disabilities.

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  • 28. 

    Which area is affected by deaf/blindness?

    • A.

      Cognitive

    • B.

      Communication

    • C.

      Physical

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Deaf/blindness affects all of the above areas, including cognitive, communication, and physical abilities. Deaf/blind individuals may experience challenges in processing information, communicating effectively, and performing physical tasks due to their combined hearing and vision impairments. This condition can have a significant impact on their overall functioning and quality of life.

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