Principles Of Pharmaceutical care For The Older Adult

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| By Caitlinb
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Caitlinb
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Quizzes Created: 12 | Total Attempts: 9,354
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Principles Of Pharmaceutical care For The Older Adult - Quiz


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which diseases affect the largest number older adults in the US?

    • A.

      Hypertension and Arthritis

    • B.

      Osteoporosis and Alzheimers

    • C.

      Hypertension and Cancer

    • D.

      Arthritis and Osteoporosis

    • E.

      Arthritis and Cancer

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypertension and Arthritis
    Explanation
    HTN - 50,000,000
    Arthritis - 40,000,000
    Osteoporosis - 10,000,000
    Cancer 8,000,000
    Stroke - 4,000,000
    Alz Dz - 4,000,000

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  • 2. 

    What is polypharmacy?

    • A.

      When a person is taking one or more medications

    • B.

      Multiple pharmacies

    Correct Answer
    A. When a person is taking one or more medications
    Explanation
    Polypharmacy refers to the situation when a person is taking multiple medications simultaneously. This can occur when an individual has multiple health conditions that require different medications, or when a single health condition requires multiple medications to manage its symptoms. Polypharmacy can lead to potential drug interactions, increased risk of adverse effects, and difficulties in medication management. It is important for healthcare professionals to carefully assess and monitor medication regimens to ensure the safety and effectiveness of treatment.

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  • 3. 

    Depression and osteoporosis in the nursing home are common examples of...

    • A.

      Ways we overmedicate our elderly (overdosage)

    • B.

      Commonly untreated indications

    • C.

      Improper Drug Selection

    Correct Answer
    B. Commonly untreated indications
    Explanation
    Eng said in class that many elderly patients are not taking calcium with vitamin D.

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  • 4. 

    One's age and sex has been significantly associated with compliance issues.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    There is a significant association with: higher socioeconomic status, greater number of medications, and higher psychological stress.

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  • 5. 

    Having a drug regimen that is too complex is a common reason why patients are non-compliant.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Patients may find it difficult to adhere to a drug regimen that is too complex. A complex regimen may involve taking multiple medications at different times or in different combinations, which can be confusing and hard to remember. This complexity can lead to non-compliance, where patients may forget to take their medications or take them incorrectly. Simplifying the drug regimen can improve patient adherence and ensure that they receive the full benefits of their medications.

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  • 6. 

    ______________ + diuretic can lead to hypotension and hyperkalemia while _________ + an antipsychotic or antidepressant can lead to confusion, sedation, and falls.

    • A.

      Antiarrhythmics and BZD

    • B.

      ACE Inhibitors and BZD

    • C.

      Antiarrhythmics and ACE Inhibitors

    • D.

      ACE Inhibitors and Antiarrhythmics

    Correct Answer
    B. ACE Inhibitors and BZD
    Explanation
    These are common drug-drug interactions with the elderly.

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  • 7. 

    Patient assistance programs are largely funded by the ________________ and vary greatly in benefits and eligibility.  Usually the patients must be very poor to qualify.

    • A.

      The federal government

    • B.

      Insurance companies

    • C.

      State and local governments

    • D.

      Pharmaceutical Companies

    Correct Answer
    D. Pharmaceutical Companies
    Explanation
    Patient assistance programs are largely funded by pharmaceutical companies. These programs provide financial assistance and support to patients who are unable to afford their medication. The programs vary in benefits and eligibility criteria, but generally, patients must demonstrate financial need to qualify. Pharmaceutical companies fund these programs as part of their corporate social responsibility and to ensure that patients have access to their medications, even if they cannot afford them. These programs play a crucial role in improving patient outcomes and reducing healthcare disparities.

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  • 8. 

    What symptoms in an elderly patient should be considered a drug side effect until proved otherwise?

    Correct Answer
    any symptoms
    any
    all symptoms
    all
    every
    Explanation
    In elderly patients, any symptoms should be considered a drug side effect until proved otherwise. This means that any new or unusual symptoms that arise in an elderly patient should be initially attributed to the medication they are taking, until other potential causes are ruled out. This approach is important because elderly individuals may be more susceptible to adverse drug reactions due to factors such as age-related changes in metabolism and multiple medication use. Therefore, considering any symptoms as potential drug side effects allows for timely identification and management of medication-related issues in this vulnerable population.

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  • 9. 

    Warfarin - we want to start low then get to goalThiazides - start low then ____

    • A.

      Stay Low

    • B.

      Get to Goal

    • C.

      It's okay to give a high dose of Thiazides

    Correct Answer
    A. Stay Low
    Explanation
    "Start low, go slow, but don't stop too soon."

    Rate this question:

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 07, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 06, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Caitlinb
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