Trivia Quiz: Concepts And Principles Of Biology

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| By Alyssa Parker
Alyssa Parker, Education Explorer
Alyssa embraces each day as an opportunity for learning, finding excitement in gaining knowledge, whether through reimagining old concepts or discovering entirely new ideas. Intellectual growth remains a thrilling journey, regardless of the path taken.
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,299
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,806

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Trivia Quiz: Concepts And Principles Of Biology - Quiz

Are you a biology student looking for a way to ensure you have a hard time when it comes to the end year exams? This quiz is based on college level students. It contains chapter 1 of the Principles of Biology and is perfect for ensuring that you understand it. Do give it a shot and be sure to come back for more quizzes on the next topics.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the definition of a biosphere?

    • A.

      The global ecosystem.

    • B.

      All organisms in a given area.

    • C.

      An organisms genetic material.

    • D.

      The scientific study of how organisms interact with their environment.

    Correct Answer
    A. The global ecosystem.
    Explanation
    The biosphere refers to the global ecosystem, which encompasses all living organisms and their interactions with the physical environment. It includes all ecosystems on Earth, such as forests, deserts, oceans, and grasslands. The biosphere is a complex system where organisms, including plants, animals, and microorganisms, interact with each other and their surroundings, exchanging energy and matter. It is the sum total of all ecosystems and represents the interconnectedness of life on our planet.

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  • 2. 

    What is ecology?

    • A.

      An organisms genetic material.

    • B.

      All organisms in a given area.

    • C.

      The scientific study of how organisms interact with their environment.

    • D.

      The global ecosystem.

    Correct Answer
    C. The scientific study of how organisms interact with their environment.
    Explanation
    Ecology is the scientific study of how organisms interact with their environment. It focuses on understanding the relationships between living organisms and their surroundings, including other organisms, physical factors such as temperature and light, and the availability of resources. By studying ecology, scientists can gain insights into the complex web of interactions that shape ecosystems and how they function. This knowledge is crucial for understanding and managing environmental issues, conserving biodiversity, and developing sustainable practices.

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  • 3. 

    What is the definition of a genome?

    • A.

      The global ecosystem.

    • B.

      The scientific study of how organisms interact with their environment.

    • C.

      All organisms in a given area.

    • D.

      An organisms genetic material.

    Correct Answer
    D. An organisms genetic material.
    Explanation
    The definition of a genome is an organism's genetic material. This includes all of the DNA or RNA molecules that make up an organism's genes. The genome contains all of the information necessary for an organism to develop and function. It determines an organism's physical traits, behaviors, and susceptibility to diseases. Understanding the genome is crucial for studying and researching various aspects of biology, such as evolution, genetics, and biotechnology.

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  • 4. 

    What is the definition of ecosystem?

    • A.

      All organisms in a given area.

    • B.

      The global ecosystem.

    • C.

      An organisms genetic material.

    • D.

      The scientific study of how organisms interact with their environment.

    Correct Answer
    A. All organisms in a given area.
    Explanation
    The definition of an ecosystem is all organisms in a given area. An ecosystem includes not only the living organisms but also the non-living components of the environment, such as air, water, and soil. It encompasses the interactions and relationships between these organisms and their physical surroundings. This definition highlights the interconnectedness and interdependence of all living things within a specific geographic location.

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  • 5. 

    What domain(s) consist(s) of prokaryotes?

    Correct Answer
    Bacteria Archaea
    Explanation
    Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. They are divided into two domains: Bacteria and Archaea. Bacteria are the most well-known prokaryotes and are found in various environments, including soil, water, and the human body. Archaea, on the other hand, are often found in extreme environments such as hot springs, deep-sea hydrothermal vents, and salt flats. Both Bacteria and Archaea play crucial roles in various ecological processes and have distinct genetic and biochemical characteristics.

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  • 6. 

    List the 3 domains.

    Correct Answer
    Bacteria Archaea Eukarya
    Explanation
    The answer provided lists the three domains of life, which are Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. These domains represent the highest level of classification for all living organisms. Bacteria and Archaea are both prokaryotic domains, consisting of single-celled organisms without a nucleus, while Eukarya is the domain that includes all eukaryotic organisms, which have cells with a nucleus. This answer accurately identifies the three domains, providing a concise and correct response to the question.

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  • 7. 

    List the properties/ traits of a living thing.

    Correct Answer
    Order, Regulation, Growth, Energy, Reaction to environment, Reproduction, Evolution
    Order, Regulation, Growth and development, Energy utilization, Reaction to environment, Reproduction, Evolution
    Explanation
    The given answer includes all the properties/traits of a living thing. These properties include order, regulation, growth, energy utilization, reaction to the environment, reproduction, and evolution. The repetition of the properties in the answer does not affect the correctness of the answer as it still includes all the necessary traits.

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  • 8. 

    Does biology include the study of anything smaller than a cell?

    Correct Answer
    Yes
    Explanation
    Atoms, molecules, etc.

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  • 9. 

    What are the building blocks of DNA?

    Correct Answer
    A, G, C, T
    Explanation
    The building blocks of DNA are nucleotides, which consist of four different bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). These bases form the genetic code that determines the characteristics and functions of living organisms. Each DNA strand is made up of a sequence of these bases, with A always pairing with T and G always pairing with C. This pairing allows DNA to replicate and transmit genetic information accurately during cell division and protein synthesis.

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  • 10. 

    Is DNA found in the nucleus of prokaryotic cells? Yes or No? Explain.

    Correct Answer
    No
    Explanation
    Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus.

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  • 11. 

    All organisms consist of more than one cell.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because not all organisms consist of more than one cell. There are single-celled organisms, such as bacteria and protozoa, that are composed of only one cell. These organisms are capable of carrying out all the necessary functions of life within a single cell. Multicellular organisms, on the other hand, are composed of multiple cells that work together to form tissues, organs, and organ systems.

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  • 12. 

    What is the name of the heritable material found in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells?

    Correct Answer
    DNA
    Explanation
    DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the correct answer to the question. DNA is the heritable material found in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. It carries the genetic instructions for the development, functioning, and reproduction of all living organisms. DNA is composed of nucleotides, which are made up of a sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. The sequence of these bases in DNA determines the genetic code and the traits of an organism.

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  • 13. 

    All organisms, including bacteria, yeast, and insects are composed of cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    All organisms, regardless of their complexity, are made up of cells. This is a fundamental principle in biology known as the cell theory. Cells are the basic structural and functional units of life, and they are responsible for carrying out all the necessary processes for an organism to survive and thrive. Bacteria, yeast, and insects are all examples of organisms that are composed of cells. Therefore, the statement that all organisms, including bacteria, yeast, and insects, are composed of cells is true.

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  • 14. 

    Give two examples of producers and two examples of consumers.

    Correct Answer
    Trees, Flowers, Humans, Animals
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because it provides two examples of producers (trees and flowers) and two examples of consumers (humans and animals). Producers are organisms that can make their own food through photosynthesis, while consumers are organisms that obtain energy by consuming other organisms. Trees and flowers are examples of producers because they can produce their own food through photosynthesis. Humans and animals are examples of consumers because they obtain energy by consuming plants or other animals.

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  • 15. 

    Compare the function of producers and consumers.

    Correct Answer
    Producers are photosynthetic organisms like plants and consumers are the ones that eat the plants.
    Explanation
    The explanation provided correctly compares the function of producers and consumers. It states that producers, such as plants, are photosynthetic organisms that can produce their own food through the process of photosynthesis. On the other hand, consumers are organisms that obtain their energy by consuming other organisms, specifically plants in this case. This explanation highlights the distinction between the two roles in an ecosystem, where producers are the primary source of energy and consumers depend on them for their survival.

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  • 16. 

    Which major type of cell has many membrane bound organelles?

    • A.

      Prokaryotic

    • B.

      Eukaryotic

    Correct Answer
    B. Eukaryotic
    Explanation
    Eukaryotic cells have many membrane-bound organelles, such as the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and lysosomes. These organelles are enclosed by a lipid bilayer membrane, which helps compartmentalize different cellular processes and allows for specialized functions within the cell. In contrast, prokaryotic cells lack membrane-bound organelles and their genetic material is not enclosed within a nucleus.

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  • 17. 

    What are the two major kinds of cells?

    Correct Answer
    Prokaryotic Eukaryotic
    Explanation
    The two major kinds of cells are prokaryotic and eukaryotic. Prokaryotic cells are simple and do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles. They are found in bacteria and archaea. On the other hand, eukaryotic cells are more complex and have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. They are found in plants, animals, fungi, and protists.

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  • 18. 

    The dynamics of any ecosystem depend on two main processes. What are they?

    Correct Answer
    Cycling of nutrients.
    The flow of energy from sunlight to producers to consumers to decomposers.
    Explanation
    The dynamics of any ecosystem depend on the cycling of nutrients, which involves the movement and transformation of essential elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus through various living organisms and their environment. This process ensures that nutrients are continuously recycled and available for different organisms to use. Additionally, the flow of energy from sunlight to producers (plants) through photosynthesis, and then to consumers (animals) and decomposers (bacteria and fungi) through feeding and decomposition, is crucial for sustaining life in an ecosystem. This energy flow allows organisms to perform essential functions, grow, reproduce, and maintain their populations.

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  • 19. 

    What gas do the leaves of plants take in?

    • A.

      Hydrogen Peroxide

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Carbon Dioxide

    • D.

      Photosynthesis

    Correct Answer
    C. Carbon Dioxide
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Carbon Dioxide. During photosynthesis, plants take in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through tiny openings in their leaves called stomata. Carbon dioxide is an essential component for plants to produce glucose and oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. Hydrogen peroxide is not a gas that plants take in, and carbon is not the gas that plants primarily use for photosynthesis.

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  • 20. 

    What is the term for food production in green plants?

    Correct Answer
    Photosynthesis
    Explanation
    Photosynthesis is the correct answer because it refers to the process by which green plants convert sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water into glucose and oxygen. This process occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells and is essential for the production of food in plants. Through photosynthesis, plants are able to capture energy from the sun and convert it into chemical energy, which is stored in the form of glucose. This glucose serves as a source of energy for the plant and is also used to produce other organic compounds necessary for growth and development.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 01, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Alyssa Parker
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