Principles Of Biology Chapter 2 And 3

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 893

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

The study of biology may not be as flashy as chemistry or physics, but it’s one of the more interesting scientific topics to learn about if you’re somebody who has a passion for animals and the human race in general from a scientific standpoint. What are our bodies made up of, for example? Learn about all that and more in the following college-level quiz on the Principles of Biology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What charge does the subatomic particle proton have?
    • A. 

      No charge

    • B. 

      (+) positive

    • C. 

      (-) negative

  • 2. 
    What charge does the subatomic particle neutron have?
    • A. 

      (-) negative

    • B. 

      (+) positive

    • C. 

      No charge

  • 3. 
    What charge does the subatomic particle electron have?
    • A. 

      No charge

    • B. 

      (-) negative

    • C. 

      (+) positive

  • 4. 
    What are the subatomic particles?
  • 5. 
    Which subatomic particle is involved with forming chemical bonds?
    • A. 

      Neutron

    • B. 

      Electron

    • C. 

      Proton

  • 6. 
    What are the levels of organization of living things?
    • A. 

      Atom, Molecule, Class, Tissue, Organ, Organism, Population, Ecosystem, Bioshpere

    • B. 

      Atom, Molecule, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ system, Organism, Population, Community, Evolution

    • C. 

      Atom, Molecule, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ system, Organism, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biosphere

    • D. 

      Atom, Cell, Tissue, Organ system, Community, Biosphere

  • 7. 
    What is the term for atoms that are electrically charged as a result of gaining or losing electrons?
  • 8. 
    Which is the reactant?Ex.A+B ---> C
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      A+C

    • D. 

      A+B

    • E. 

      C

  • 9. 
    Which is the product?Ex.A+B ---> C
    • A. 

      A+B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      B

    • E. 

      B+C

  • 10. 
    What is the process of smaller things built up to larger?Ex.A+B ---> C(Sm) (L)
    • A. 

      Catabolic

    • B. 

      Anabolic

  • 11. 
    What is the process of larger things breaking down to smaller?Ex.C ---> A+B(L) (Sm)
    • A. 

      Catabolic

    • B. 

      Anabolic

  • 12. 
    What elements make up water?
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      H2O

  • 13. 
    What type of bond holds the atoms of the molecule together?
    • A. 

      Chemical bond

    • B. 

      Hydrogen bond

    • C. 

      Ionic bond

    • D. 

      Covalent bond

  • 14. 
    What are the properties of water?
    • A. 

      Cohesion, surface tension

    • B. 

      Temperature regulation, freezing properties

    • C. 

      Solvent for biochemical reactions

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    The fluids of organisms are _______ solutions.
  • 16. 
    What is the tool used to measure the hydrogen ion (H+) concentration in a solution?
    • A. 

      Acids

    • B. 

      Bases

    • C. 

      PH scale

  • 17. 
    What is the chemical compound that releases H+ to a solution?
    • A. 

      Bases

    • B. 

      Acids

    • C. 

      Buffers

  • 18. 
    What compound accepts H+ and removes it from solution?
    • A. 

      Acids

    • B. 

      Bases

    • C. 

      Buffers

  • 19. 
    What pH level makes a solution chemically neutral?
    • A. 

      Above 7

    • B. 

      Below 7

    • C. 

      7

  • 20. 
    How many bonds does carbon form?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      1

    • E. 

      3

  • 21. 
    How many bonds do hydrogen form?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      2

    • E. 

      5

  • 22. 
    In correct order, what does HONC stand for?
  • 23. 
    The organic molecules that make up a cell are very large. What are they called?
  • 24. 
    What are the 4 macromolecules that make up the cell?
    • A. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

    • B. 

      Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    What are the 4 elements that are most prevalent in biology?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Carbon, proteins, oxygen, nucleic acid

    • D. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen

  • 26. 
    A _____ is a long chain of repeating subunits. Also known by being large molecules made by stringing together many smaller molecules.
  • 27. 
    3 of the macromolecules are also polymers. Which 3 are they?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids

    • B. 

      Proteins, lipids, nucleic acids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids

  • 28. 
    Mono means:
    • A. 

      Many

    • B. 

      One

    • C. 

      Several

  • 29. 
    Poly means:
    • A. 

      Several

    • B. 

      Many

    • C. 

      One

  • 30. 
    Oligo means:
    • A. 

      One

    • B. 

      Many

    • C. 

      Several

  • 31. 
    What is the name for the smaller molecules that are strung together to form polymers?
  • 32. 
    If the polymer is a carbohydrate what are the monomers?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Monosaccharides

    • C. 

      Nucleotides

  • 33. 
    If the polymer is a protein what are the monomers?
    • A. 

      Monosaccharides

    • B. 

      Nucleotides

    • C. 

      Amino acids

  • 34. 
    If the polymer is a nucleic acid then what are the monomers?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Nucleotides

    • C. 

      Monosaccharides

  • 35. 
    What are the functional group(s) of an amino acid?
    • A. 

      Amino group

    • B. 

      Carboxyl group

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 36. 
    What type of bond holds the monomers of polymers together?
    • A. 

      Chemical bond

    • B. 

      Peptide bond

    • C. 

      Hydrogen bond

    • D. 

      Ionic bond

    • E. 

      Covalent bond

  • 37. 
    The covalent bond that holds the monomers of polymers together is formed by the chemical process of ________.
  • 38. 
    The process by which the covalent bonds between monomers and polymers are broken is called ______.
  • 39. 
    How many amino acids make up the proteins in the human body?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      23

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      3

    • E. 

      1

  • 40. 
    In carbohydrates what are the monosaccharides that contain 6 carbon sugars?
    • A. 

      Glyceraldehyde, dihydroxyacetone - Triose Sugars

    • B. 

      Ribose, ribulose - Pentose Sugars

    • C. 

      Glucose, fructose, galactose - Hexose Sugars

  • 41. 
    Starch, glycogen, and cellulose are called homopolysaccharides because they all consist of only one monosaccharide that repeats. What monosaccharide is it?
  • 42. 
    As the size of the carbohydrate increases it becomes _____ soluble.
    • A. 

      Less

    • B. 

      More

  • 43. 
    Almost all carbohydrates are ______, which means "water-loving".
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic

  • 44. 
    In contrast to carbohydrates, lipids are ______, which means that they do not mix with water ("water-fearing").
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic