Major & Trace Mineral Quiz

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Major & Trace Mineral Quiz - Quiz

Nutrition. Quiz on Trace minerals and Major Minerals


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Edema and hypertension are toxicity symptoms of which major mineral?

    • A.

      Sodium

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Magnesium

    • D.

      Sulfate

    Correct Answer
    A. Sodium
    Explanation
    Edema and hypertension are toxicity symptoms commonly associated with excessive sodium intake. Sodium is an essential mineral that helps regulate fluid balance in the body. However, consuming too much sodium can lead to fluid retention, causing edema (swelling) in the tissues. Additionally, high sodium intake can also increase blood pressure, leading to hypertension. It is important to maintain a balanced sodium intake to prevent these toxicity symptoms.

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  • 2. 

    Legumes, whole grains, seeds, and seafood are good sources of

    • A.

      Flouride

    • B.

      Zinc

    • C.

      Selenium

    • D.

      Copper

    Correct Answer
    D. Copper
    Explanation
    Legumes, whole grains, seeds, and seafood are good sources of copper. Copper is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions. It is involved in the production of red blood cells, maintenance of healthy bones and connective tissues, and the functioning of the immune system. Legumes, whole grains, seeds, and seafood contain significant amounts of copper, making them excellent dietary sources of this mineral.

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  • 3. 

    The extracellular major minerals

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Magnesium

    • C.

      Sodium

    • D.

      Iron

    • E.

      Chloride

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Calcium
    B. Magnesium
    C. Sodium
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes calcium, magnesium, and sodium as the extracellular major minerals. These minerals are essential for various bodily functions. Calcium is important for bone health, muscle contraction, and nerve function. Magnesium plays a role in energy production, muscle and nerve function, and maintaining a healthy immune system. Sodium is necessary for maintaining fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle contraction. These minerals are commonly found in the extracellular fluid, which surrounds cells and helps transport nutrients and waste products throughout the body.

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  • 4. 

    Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency

    • A.

      Metalloenzyme

    • B.

      Chelate

    • C.

      Thyrogoiter

    • D.

      Goiter

    Correct Answer
    D. Goiter
    Explanation
    Goiter is the correct answer because it refers to the enlargement of the thyroid gland. This can occur due to iodine deficiency, which is the most common cause of goiter worldwide. When the body doesn't get enough iodine, the thyroid gland enlarges in an attempt to produce more thyroid hormones. Therefore, goiter is a direct result of iodine deficiency and is characterized by the enlargement of the thyroid gland.

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  • 5. 

    Maintains normal fluid & electrolyte balance 

    • A.

      Chloride

    • B.

      Zinc

    • C.

      Phosphorus

    • D.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloride
    Explanation
    Chloride is an essential electrolyte that helps maintain normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. It is an important component of stomach acid and helps with digestion. Chloride also plays a role in nerve function and muscle contraction. It is found in many foods, including table salt, and is also available as a supplement.

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  • 6. 

    Used in energy metabolism and RNA & DNA

    • A.

      Chromium

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Potassium

    • D.

      Phophorus

    Correct Answer
    D. Phophorus
    Explanation
    Phosphorus is used in energy metabolism as it is a key component of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the main molecule used by cells to store and transfer energy. It is also an essential component of RNA and DNA, the genetic material of cells. Phosphorus is required for the synthesis and repair of DNA and RNA molecules, which are involved in various cellular processes including protein synthesis and cell division. Therefore, phosphorus plays a crucial role in energy metabolism and the functioning of genetic material in cells.

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  • 7. 

    Maintains normal fluid and electrolyte balance 

    • A.

      Potassium

    • B.

      Phosphorus

    • C.

      Sodium

    • D.

      Chloride

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Potassium
    C. Sodium
    D. Chloride
    Explanation
    Potassium, sodium, and chloride are electrolytes that play a crucial role in maintaining normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. Potassium is the principal intracellular cation and helps regulate fluid balance, nerve cell function, and muscle contractions. Sodium is the principal extracellular cation and is responsible for maintaining fluid balance, nerve cell function, and muscle contractions. Chloride, an anion, works together with sodium to maintain fluid balance and is also involved in the production of stomach acid. Together, these electrolytes ensure that the body's fluid and electrolyte levels are balanced, which is essential for proper functioning of cells and organs.

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  • 8. 

    Part of hemoglobin, myoglobin, and iss necessary for muscle utilization

    • A.

      Zinc

    • B.

      Iodine

    • C.

      Chromium

    • D.

      Iron

    Correct Answer
    D. Iron
    Explanation
    Iron is part of hemoglobin, myoglobin, and is necessary for muscle utilization. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body, while myoglobin is a protein in muscles that stores and transports oxygen for muscle use. Iron is essential for the proper functioning of these proteins and is crucial for oxygen transport and utilization in the body.

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  • 9. 

    Potassium maintains normal fluid and electrolyte balance and maintains the health of bones and teeth

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Potassium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. It is also important for the health of bones and teeth. However, the given statement is incorrect as it states that the answer is true. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 10. 

    Stabilizes protein shape

    • A.

      Sulfate

    • B.

      Zinc

    • C.

      Copper

    • D.

      Molybdenum

    Correct Answer
    A. Sulfate
    Explanation
    Sulfate stabilizes protein shape by forming hydrogen bonds with the protein molecules. This helps maintain the three-dimensional structure of the protein, which is essential for its proper function. Sulfate ions can interact with positively charged amino acid residues in the protein, creating electrostatic interactions that contribute to the stability of the protein structure. Additionally, sulfate ions can also participate in the formation of disulfide bonds, which further stabilize the protein shape.

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  • 11. 

    If this mineral gets into the heart, it can stop it

    • A.

      Phosphorus

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Calcium

    • D.

      Selenium

    Correct Answer
    B. Potassium
    Explanation
    Potassium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining heart health. It helps regulate the electrical activity of the heart, allowing it to beat regularly and efficiently. However, if an excessive amount of potassium enters the heart, it can disrupt the normal electrical signals and lead to an irregular heartbeat or even stop the heart from beating altogether. Therefore, if this mineral gets into the heart, it can stop it.

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  • 12. 

    Found in the bones and teeth

    • A.

      Sulfate

    • B.

      Flouride

    • C.

      Magnesium

    Correct Answer
    C. Magnesium
    Explanation
    Magnesium is found in the bones and teeth. It is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining bone health and structure. Magnesium is a key component of the mineralized matrix of bones and teeth, contributing to their strength and integrity. It is also involved in various biochemical reactions in the body, including the regulation of calcium levels, which is important for bone health. Therefore, the presence of magnesium in bones and teeth is necessary for their proper functioning.

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  • 13. 

    Deficiency symptoms of weakness, confusion, convulsions, hallucinations, bizzare muscle movements

    Correct Answer
    magnesium
    Magnesium
    Mg
    Explanation
    The given symptoms are indicative of a deficiency in magnesium. Magnesium plays a crucial role in regulating muscle and nerve function, as well as maintaining a healthy immune system. A deficiency in magnesium can lead to weakness, confusion, convulsions, hallucinations, and abnormal muscle movements. Therefore, the correct answer is magnesium.

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  • 14. 

    Toxicity symptoms include loss and brittleness of hair and nails, skin rash, fatigue, central nervous system disorders, and garlic breath

    • A.

      Chromium

    • B.

      Copper

    • C.

      Selenium

    • D.

      Iron

    Correct Answer
    C. Selenium
    Explanation
    Selenium is the correct answer because toxicity symptoms mentioned in the question, such as loss and brittleness of hair and nails, skin rash, fatigue, central nervous system disorders, and garlic breath, are associated with selenium toxicity. Selenium is an essential mineral, but excessive intake can lead to toxicity symptoms.

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  • 15. 

    Too little of this trace mineral causes bone abnormalities

    • A.

      Zinc

    • B.

      Manganese

    • C.

      Copper

    • D.

      Selenium

    Correct Answer
    C. Copper
    Explanation
    Copper is a trace mineral that plays a crucial role in bone health. Too little copper in the body can lead to bone abnormalities, such as osteoporosis and osteopenia. Copper is involved in the formation and maintenance of collagen, a protein that provides structure to bones, and it also helps with the absorption and utilization of calcium and vitamin D, which are essential for bone health. Therefore, a deficiency in copper can negatively affect bone health and lead to bone abnormalities.

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  • 16. 

    Found in red meats, shellfish, whole grains, fortified cereals

    • A.

      Zinc

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Chromium

    • D.

      Selenium

    Correct Answer
    A. Zinc
    Explanation
    Zinc is found in red meats, shellfish, whole grains, and fortified cereals. It is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions. Zinc is necessary for a healthy immune system, wound healing, and proper growth and development. It also helps in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. A deficiency in zinc can lead to impaired immune function, delayed wound healing, and growth retardation. Therefore, it is important to consume foods rich in zinc to maintain optimal health.

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  • 17. 

    Heme iron is found in

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Fish, poultry, meat

    • C.

      Dark green veggies and fruit

    • D.

      Seafood

    Correct Answer
    B. Fish, poultry, meat
    Explanation
    Heme iron is a type of iron that is easily absorbed by the body. It is mainly found in animal sources such as fish, poultry, and meat. These foods are known to be rich in heme iron compared to plant-based sources. Dark green veggies and fruits, as well as seafood, may contain other forms of iron but not specifically heme iron.

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  • 18. 

    Found in Seafood

    • A.

      Iodine

    • B.

      Copper

    • C.

      Iron

    • D.

      Flouride

    • E.

      Manganese

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Iodine
    B. Copper
    D. Flouride
    Explanation
    Iodine, copper, and fluoride are all commonly found in seafood. Iodine is an essential mineral that is important for thyroid function and is commonly found in seaweed and fish. Copper is a trace mineral that is necessary for the production of red blood cells and is found in shellfish and certain types of fish. Fluoride is a mineral that is added to many water sources to help prevent tooth decay and is also found in seafood, particularly in fish with bones. Therefore, these three elements are commonly found in seafood.

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  • 19. 

    Inhances insulin, found in meat, whole grains, brewers yeast

    • A.

      Magnesium

    • B.

      Chromium

    • C.

      Selenium

    Correct Answer
    B. Chromium
    Explanation
    Chromium enhances insulin, which is found in meat, whole grains, and brewer's yeast. This suggests that the correct answer is chromium.

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  • 20. 

    Deficiency in this mineral causes stunted growth in children and osteoporosis in adults

    • A.

      Magnesium

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Chloride

    Correct Answer
    B. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is the correct answer because a deficiency in this mineral can lead to stunted growth in children and osteoporosis in adults. Calcium is essential for the development and maintenance of strong bones and teeth. It plays a crucial role in bone growth and remodeling, and a lack of calcium can impair bone formation, leading to stunted growth in children. In adults, calcium deficiency can contribute to the development of osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones. Therefore, ensuring an adequate intake of calcium is important for overall bone health and preventing these conditions.

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  • 21. 

    Transports Vitamin A throughout the body

    • A.

      Copper

    • B.

      Molybdenum

    • C.

      Zinc

    • D.

      Iodine

    Correct Answer
    C. Zinc
    Explanation
    Zinc is involved in the transport of Vitamin A throughout the body. It plays a crucial role in the synthesis and release of a protein called retinol-binding protein (RBP), which binds to Vitamin A and carries it in the blood. This transport is essential for the proper functioning of Vitamin A, which is important for vision, immune function, and growth. Therefore, zinc is necessary for the distribution and utilization of Vitamin A in various tissues and organs of the body.

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  • 22. 

    RDA for Sodium for men and women is

    • A.

      1500mg

    • B.

      2000mg

    • C.

      250mg

    • D.

      2300mg

    Correct Answer
    D. 2300mg
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2300mg. The Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for sodium is 2300mg for both men and women. Sodium is an essential mineral that helps maintain fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle contraction. However, consuming too much sodium can increase the risk of high blood pressure and other health issues. Therefore, it is important to consume sodium in moderation and stay within the recommended daily limit.

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  • 23. 

    Calcium is responsible for mineralization of bones and teeth, nerve functioning and blood clotting

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Calcium plays a crucial role in various bodily functions. It is responsible for the mineralization of bones and teeth, helping to maintain their strength and structure. Calcium also plays a vital role in nerve functioning, as it helps transmit signals between nerve cells. Additionally, calcium is involved in the process of blood clotting, which is important for preventing excessive bleeding. Therefore, the given statement that calcium is responsible for mineralization of bones and teeth, nerve functioning, and blood clotting is true.

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  • 24. 

    Maintains the health of bones and teeth

    • A.

      Flouride

    • B.

      Manganese

    • C.

      Potassium

    Correct Answer
    A. Flouride
    Explanation
    Fluoride is the correct answer because it is known to maintain the health of bones and teeth. Fluoride is commonly found in toothpaste, mouthwash, and drinking water, and it helps to prevent tooth decay by strengthening the enamel of the teeth. It also aids in the remineralization process, which can repair early stages of tooth decay. Additionally, fluoride is important for the development and maintenance of strong bones, as it helps to increase bone density and reduce the risk of fractures.

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  • 25. 

    RDA for Calcium for men and women is

    • A.

      100mg

    • B.

      2500mg

    • C.

      1000mg

    • D.

      850mg

    Correct Answer
    C. 1000mg
    Explanation
    The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for calcium for both men and women is 1000mg. Calcium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining strong bones and teeth, as well as supporting proper muscle and nerve function. It is especially important for women, as they are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Consuming an adequate amount of calcium through diet or supplements can help prevent deficiencies and promote overall bone health.

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  • 26. 

    Functions as a catalyst

    • A.

      Manganese

    • B.

      Magnesium

    Correct Answer
    B. Magnesium
    Explanation
    Magnesium functions as a catalyst.

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  • 27. 

    Toxicity symptoms include low HDL, copper and iron deficiencies, impaired immunity, loss of appetite

    • A.

      Iodine

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Copper

    • D.

      Zinc

    Correct Answer
    D. Zinc
    Explanation
    Zinc is the correct answer because the given symptoms are commonly associated with zinc deficiency. Low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) levels are often observed in individuals with zinc deficiency. Additionally, zinc plays a crucial role in the absorption and metabolism of copper and iron, so deficiencies in these minerals can also be linked to zinc deficiency. Impaired immunity and loss of appetite are also symptoms commonly seen in individuals with inadequate zinc levels. Therefore, based on the symptoms provided, zinc deficiency is the most likely explanation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 28, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 30, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Medschool_14
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