Brain Bee Challenge: Round II

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Brain Bee Challenge: Round II - Quiz

If you answered seven out of ten questions correctly in Round I of the Brain Bee Challenge, you're on your way to Round II!

To pass this round you'll need to answer seven out of ten questions correctly. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What part of the brain helps control movement and cognitive processes that require precise timing?

    • A.

      Cerebellum

    • B.

      Amygdala

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    Correct Answer
    A. Cerebellum
    Explanation
    The cerebellum is responsible for controlling movement and cognitive processes that require precise timing. It plays a crucial role in coordinating voluntary movements, maintaining balance and posture, and fine-tuning motor skills. Additionally, the cerebellum is involved in cognitive functions such as attention, language, and problem-solving. It receives information from various sensory systems and other parts of the brain, allowing it to integrate and regulate motor and cognitive functions effectively.

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  • 2. 

    Name the membrane structures to which neurotransmitters bind.

    • A.

      Soma

    • B.

      Axon terminals

    • C.

      Receptors

    Correct Answer
    C. Receptors
    Explanation
    Neurotransmitters bind to receptors, which are membrane structures. These receptors are located on the soma (cell body) and axon terminals of neurons. When a neurotransmitter binds to its corresponding receptor, it triggers a response in the neuron, such as the opening of ion channels or the activation of signaling pathways. This binding is crucial for the transmission of signals between neurons and plays a key role in various physiological processes in the nervous system.

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  • 3. 

    NGF is the acronym for what?

    • A.

      Neuron-Golgi fibroma

    • B.

      New glial formation

    • C.

      Nerve growth factor

    Correct Answer
    C. Nerve growth factor
    Explanation
    NGF stands for Nerve Growth Factor. It is a protein that plays a crucial role in the growth, survival, and maintenance of certain neurons in the nervous system. NGF is involved in promoting the growth and differentiation of nerve cells during development, as well as in the maintenance and repair of neurons in adulthood. It is an essential factor for the survival and function of sensory and sympathetic neurons.

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  • 4. 

    How many pairs of chromosomes are in the nucleus of almost every human cell?

    • A.

      22 pairs

    • B.

      23 pairs

    • C.

      21 pairs

    Correct Answer
    B. 23 pairs
    Explanation
    Almost every human cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes in its nucleus. Chromosomes are thread-like structures that carry genetic information in the form of DNA. Each pair consists of two chromosomes, one inherited from each parent. These chromosomes contain the genes that determine an individual's traits and characteristics. The total number of chromosomes in a human cell is 46, with 23 coming from the mother and 23 from the father.

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  • 5. 

    Which lobe of the cerebral cortex processes visual information?

    • A.

      The parietal lobe

    • B.

      The temporal lobe

    • C.

      The occipital lobe

    Correct Answer
    C. The occipital lobe
    Explanation
    The occipital lobe is responsible for processing visual information. It contains the primary visual cortex, which receives and processes visual stimuli from the eyes. This lobe plays a crucial role in interpreting and making sense of the visual world, including recognizing shapes, colors, and objects. Damage to the occipital lobe can result in visual impairments or even blindness.

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  • 6. 

    What do you call an involuntary, fixed muscle response to a particular stimuli?

    • A.

      A reflex

    • B.

      A spasm

    • C.

      A tic

    Correct Answer
    A. A reflex
    Explanation
    An involuntary, fixed muscle response to a particular stimuli is called a reflex. This response is automatic and does not require conscious thought or effort. When a specific stimulus is detected, such as touching a hot surface, the body automatically reacts by contracting the muscles to move away from the source of the heat. This reflex action helps to protect the body from potential harm and is a natural and instinctive response.

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  • 7. 

    The Greek word meaning to “clasp together” gives us what neuroscience term?

    • A.

      Myelin

    • B.

      Synapse

    • C.

      Glia

    Correct Answer
    B. Synapse
    Explanation
    The Greek word "synapse" means to "clasp together." In neuroscience, a synapse refers to the junction between two nerve cells, where signals are transmitted from one cell to another. This term is used to describe the communication between neurons in the brain and is crucial for the functioning of the nervous system.

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  • 8. 

    Name the deep brain regions responsible for relaying and filtering sensory information.

    • A.

      Thalamus

    • B.

      Pons

    • C.

      Amygdala

    Correct Answer
    A. Thalamus
    Explanation
    The thalamus is a deep brain region responsible for relaying and filtering sensory information. It acts as a relay station, receiving sensory signals from various parts of the body and transmitting them to the appropriate areas of the brain for processing. Additionally, the thalamus filters out irrelevant or unimportant sensory information, allowing the brain to focus on the most relevant stimuli. This crucial role in sensory processing makes the thalamus a key player in our perception of the world around us.

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  • 9. 

    Name the large bundle of nerve fibers linking the left and right cerebral hemispheres.

    • A.

      Thalamus

    • B.

      Corpus Callosum

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    Correct Answer
    B. Corpus Callosum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Corpus Callosum. The Corpus Callosum is a large bundle of nerve fibers that connects the left and right cerebral hemispheres. It allows for communication and coordination between the two hemispheres, allowing information to be shared and integrated between them. The Thalamus and Hypothalamus are also important structures in the brain, but they do not specifically refer to the bundle of nerve fibers linking the cerebral hemispheres.

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  • 10. 

    Into how many stages is non-REM sleep normally divided?

    • A.

      Two

    • B.

      Six

    • C.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    C. Four
    Explanation
    Non-REM sleep is typically divided into four stages. These stages are characterized by different brain wave patterns, with each stage representing a different level of sleep depth. Stage 1 is a light sleep stage, where we may drift in and out of sleep and experience sudden muscle contractions. Stage 2 is a deeper sleep stage, where brain wave activity slows down. Stage 3 and 4 are the deepest stages of sleep, also known as slow-wave sleep, during which the body repairs and rejuvenates itself. Therefore, the correct answer is four.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 22, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    DanaFDN
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