Error Analysis Exam

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Catherine Halcomb
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Error analysis is a method used to document the errors that appear in learner language, determine whether those errors are systematic, and (if possible) explain what caused them. How Good Of An Error Analyst Are You? This is a Review Of Skill Quiz

• 1.

Each number binary system areformed from only two symbols.

• A.

Binary

• B.

Are

• C.

Formed

• D.

Only two

• E.

Option 5

B. Are
Explanation
The given statement is discussing the formation of numbers in the binary system. It states that binary numbers are formed using only two symbols. The word "are" in the answer indicates that this statement correctly explains the formation of numbers in the binary system.

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• 2.

Scientist at the medical centre is tryingto determine of there is a relationship between saccharine and cancer.

• A.

Is trying

• B.

To determine

• C.

Is

• D.

Saccharine and cancer

A. Is trying
Explanation
The correct answer is "is trying" because it indicates that the scientist is currently making an effort or attempting to determine if there is a relationship between saccharine and cancer. The phrase "is trying" suggests ongoing action and implies that the scientist is actively engaged in the process of investigation.

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• 3.

On the rim of the Kilauea volcano in the Hawaiian Islandare a hotel called the Volcano Hotel.

• A.

The rim

• B.

Hawaiian Island

• C.

Are

• D.

Called

C. Are
Explanation
The word "are" is the correct answer because it is the correct verb form to use with the subject "hotel" in this sentence. The sentence is stating that on the rim of the Kilauea volcano in the Hawaiian Island, there is a hotel called the Volcano Hotel. The verb "are" indicates the existence of the hotel in that location.

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• 4.

Of all the evidence that has piled up since Webster’s paper was published, there is no new idea to contradict his original theory.

• A.

Has piled

• B.

Is

• C.

New

• D.

B. Is
Explanation
The correct answer is "is". This is because the sentence is referring to the evidence that has piled up since Webster's paper was published, and it states that there is no new idea to contradict his original theory. The verb "is" agrees with the subject "there" in this sentence.

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• 5.

Five miles beyond the hillswere a fire with its flames reaching up the sky.

• A.

The hills

• B.

Were

• C.

Its

• D.

Reaching

B. Were
Explanation
The word "were" is the correct answer because it is the correct verb form to match the subject "hills." In this sentence, "were" is used to indicate that the hills existed or were present.

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• 6.

The museum of the Confederation in Richmond host an exhibition which documenting the origins and history of banner that most Americans think of as the Confederate flag.

• A.

Host

• B.

Documenting

• C.

Most Americans

• D.

As of

B. Documenting
Explanation
The word "documenting" in the given sentence means that the exhibition at the museum is providing evidence or information about the origins and history of the banner. It suggests that the exhibition is presenting factual records or documents to support the understanding of the Confederate flag.

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• 7.

Manufacturers may use food additives for preserving, to colour, to flavour or to fortifyfoods.

• A.

May use

• B.

For preserving

• C.

Fortify

• D.

Foods

B. For preserving
Explanation
Food manufacturers may use food additives for various purposes such as preserving, coloring, flavoring, or fortifying foods. In this case, the correct answer is "for preserving," indicating that one of the reasons manufacturers may use food additives is to extend the shelf life of the food product and prevent spoilage.

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• 8.

A bankruptcymay be either voluntarynor involuntary.

• A.

A bankruptcy

• B.

May be

• C.

Voluntarily

• D.

Nor

D. Nor
Explanation
The word "nor" is used to indicate a negative choice between two options. In this case, the sentence is saying that a bankruptcy may be voluntary or involuntary, but not both. This means that a bankruptcy cannot be both voluntary and involuntary at the same time.

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• 9.

In 1870, the attorney general was made head of the Department of justice, given an enlarge staff, and endow with clear-cut law enforcement functions.

• A.

• B.

Enlarge

• C.

Endow

• D.

Functions

C. Endow
Explanation
The word "endow" means to provide or equip someone or something with a particular quality or attribute. In this context, it means that the attorney general was given or provided with clear-cut law enforcement functions. This suggests that the attorney general was given the authority and responsibility to enforce laws, indicating a significant change in their role within the Department of Justice.

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• 10.

Certain types of snakes have been known to survive fast more as a year long.

• A.

Certain types

• B.

Have been known

• C.

Fasts

• D.

As

D. As
Explanation
The word "as" is used in this sentence to indicate a comparison or similarity between the duration of fasts and the length of a year. It suggests that certain types of snakes are capable of surviving fasts that can last as long as a year.

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• 11.

Protein molecules arethe most complex thanthe molecules of the carbohydrates.

• A.

Are

• B.

The most

• C.

Than

• D.

Molecules

B. The most
Explanation
Protein molecules are considered to be the most complex compared to carbohydrate molecules. This is because proteins are made up of long chains of amino acids, which can fold and interact with each other in various ways to form complex three-dimensional structures. On the other hand, carbohydrates are simpler molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. While carbohydrates can form chains or rings, they do not have the same level of complexity as proteins. Therefore, the statement "Protein molecules are the most complex than the molecules of the carbohydrates" is correct.

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• 12.

The leek, a member of the lily family, has a mildest taste than the onion.

• A.

Leek, a member

• B.

Mildest

• C.

Than

• D.

Onion

B. Mildest
Explanation
The given sentence states that the leek, which is a member of the lily family, has a milder taste compared to the onion. This implies that the leek has a less intense or strong flavor than the onion.

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• 13.

In the basketball game a player whatis fouledreceives one or two free throws .

• A.

What

• B.

Is fouled

• C.

• D.

Free throws

A. What
• 14.

The earliestthe CVS (chorionic villus sampling) procedure in the pregnancy, the greater the risk to the baby.

• A.

Earliest

• B.

The

• C.

Procedure

• D.

Risk to

A. Earliest
Explanation
The word "earliest" in the given sentence indicates the time at which the CVS procedure is performed during pregnancy. The explanation suggests that the earlier the CVS procedure is done, the higher the risk to the baby. This implies that performing the procedure at an early stage of pregnancy increases the potential danger or harm to the baby.

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• 15.

Alice in wonderland, first published in 1865. Has since beingtranslated into thirty languages.

• A.

Published

• B.

Has

• C.

Being

• D.

Translated

C. Being
Explanation
The word "being" is used incorrectly in this sentence. The correct form should be "been" instead of "being". "Been" is the past participle of the verb "be" and is used to indicate an action that has already occurred. In this case, the sentence should read "Has since been translated into thirty languages." This indicates that the translation of Alice in Wonderland into different languages has already happened.

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• 16.

The Peace Corpswasestablish    on March 1, 1961, by then President John F. Kennedy.

• A.

The peace corps

• B.

Was

• C.

Establish

• D.

Then

C. Establish
Explanation
The given answer "establish" correctly fills in the missing word in the sentence. It is the past tense form of the verb "establish," which means to set up or create something. In the context of the sentence, it refers to the Peace Corps being created or founded on March 1, 1961, by President John F. Kennedy.

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• 17.

The advisor told himself, while listening to the speech, that dozen other reporters would has already asked that question.

• A.

Told

• B.

Listening

• C.

Would has

• D.

C. Would has
Explanation
The word "would has" is incorrect in standard English grammar. The correct form should be "would have." This is because "would" is used to indicate a hypothetical or imagined situation in the past, and it should be followed by the past participle form of the verb, which is "have" in this case. Therefore, the correct sentence would be "dozen other reporters would have already asked that question."

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• 18.

At the start of the American Revolution, lanterns werehung in the Old North Church as signal that the British were came.

• A.

Start

• B.

Were

• C.

Hung

• D.

Came

D. Came
Explanation
At the start of the American Revolution, lanterns were hung in the Old North Church as a signal that the British had come.

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• 19.

Linus Pauling haswinstwo Nobel Prizes: the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry  and the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize.

• A.

Has

• B.

Wins

• C.

Two Nobel Prizes

• D.

In Chemistry

B. Wins
Explanation
The given sentence states that Linus Pauling has won two Nobel Prizes, one in Chemistry in 1954 and another in Peace in 1962. The verb "wins" is used to indicate the action of winning, and it is in agreement with the subject "Linus Pauling" who is the recipient of the prizes. The sentence is providing information about the achievements of Linus Pauling in winning these prestigious awards.

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• 20.

On the huge Ferris wheel constructed for a world exhibition in Chicago in 1893, each of the thirsty-six cabs could held sixty people.

• A.

Huge

• B.

constructed

• C.

Each of

• D.

Held

D. Held
Explanation
The word "held" is the correct answer because it is the correct past tense form of the verb "hold." In the given sentence, it is used to describe the action of the cabs being able to accommodate or contain sixty people each.

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• 21.

To overcome rejection of a skin graft, a system for matching donor and recipient tissues has be developed.

• A.

To overcome

• B.

Matching

• C.

Recipient

• D.

Be

D. Be
Explanation
The word "be" in this context is used as an auxiliary verb indicating that a system for matching donor and recipient tissues has been developed. In order to overcome rejection of a skin graft, this system needs to exist and be in place.

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• 22.

Nails are commonly make of steel but also cancontain substances such as aluminium or brass.

• A.

Are

• B.

Make

• C.

Can

• D.

Contain

B. Make
Explanation
The word "make" is the correct answer because it is the correct verb form to use in the sentence. The sentence is discussing what nails are commonly composed of, and "make" is the appropriate verb to describe the process of creating or forming nails. The other options ("are," "can," and "contain") do not fit grammatically or contextually in the sentence.

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• 23.

A patient suffering from amnesia mayhad partial or total loss of memory.

• A.

Suffering

• B.

May

• C.

• D.

Loss

Explanation
The word "may" suggests a possibility or uncertainty, while the word "had" indicates a past action or condition. Therefore, the correct answer implies that it is possible for a patient suffering from amnesia to have experienced partial or total loss of memory in the past.

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• 24.

The idea of using pure nicotine to help smokers stop was first tries in the mid-1980’s with nicotine-laced chewing gum.

• A.

Using

• B.

To help

• C.

Stop

• D.

Tries

D. Tries
Explanation
The correct answer is "tries" because it accurately completes the sentence and maintains the correct verb tense. The sentence is discussing the first attempts or efforts made to use pure nicotine to help smokers quit, which occurred in the mid-1980s with nicotine-laced chewing gum.

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• 25.

Helium has the most lowboiling point of all substances.

• A.

Has

• B.

Most low

• C.

Boiling

• D.

All substances

B. Most low
Explanation
Helium has the lowest boiling point among all substances.

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• 26.

There is twenty six bones in the human foot, fourteen of them in the toes.

• A.

Is

• B.

The human foot

• C.

Them

• D.

The toes

A. Is
Explanation
The answer is "is" because it is used to connect the subject "twenty six bones in the human foot" to the information about the number of bones in the toes, which is fourteen. "Is" indicates that the statement is true and that there are indeed twenty six bones in the human foot, with fourteen of them being in the toes.

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• 27.

Particular issues that concern teenagers werecovering on the half-hour program.

• A.

Issues

• B.

Concern

• C.

Were

• D.

Covering

D. Covering
Explanation
The correct answer is "covering" because it is the verb form that agrees with the subject "particular issues." "Covering" is the present participle form of the verb "cover," indicating that the issues were being addressed or discussed on the half-hour program.

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• 28.

Electrical impulsesmay also picked up by the optic nerve.

• A.

Impulses

• B.

May

• C.

Picked up

• D.

By the optic

C. Picked up
Explanation
The sentence states that electrical impulses may be picked up by the optic nerve. This suggests that the optic nerve has the ability to detect and perceive electrical impulses.

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• 29.

Workers training for specific job have a strong possibility of beingreplace by a machine.

• A.

Training

• B.

Have

• C.

Of being

• D.

Replace

D. Replace
Explanation
Workers training for a specific job have a strong possibility of being replaced by a machine because advancements in technology have made it possible for machines to perform tasks that were previously done by humans. With the increasing automation in various industries, machines are becoming more efficient and cost-effective compared to human workers. Therefore, there is a strong likelihood that trained workers may be replaced by machines to increase productivity and reduce labor costs.

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• 30.

On June 30, 1992, international timekeepers in Paris were added an extra second to the day.

• A.

On

• B.

• C.

Second

• D.

The day

Explanation
On June 30, 1992, an additional second was inserted into the day by international timekeepers in Paris.

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• 31.

Superman madetheir comic debut in 1938 inaction comics.

• A.

• B.

Their

• C.

Debut

• D.

In

B. Their
Explanation
Superman made their debut in 1938 in action comics. The word "their" is used to indicate that it was Superman's debut, suggesting that Superman is a collective entity or a group of individuals.

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• 32.

Commercial letters of credit are often used to finance export trade, but them  can have other uses.

• A.

Often used

• B.

Export

• C.

Them

• D.

Other uses

C. Them
Explanation
The word "them" in the given sentence refers to commercial letters of credit. It is stated that commercial letters of credit are often used to finance export trade, but they can also have other uses. This means that apart from being used for financing export trade, commercial letters of credit can be utilized for other purposes as well.

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• 33.

When children experience too much frustration, its behaviour ceases to be integrated.

• A.

Experience

• B.

Too much

• C.

Its

• D.

Ceases

C. Its
Explanation
When children experience an excessive amount of frustration, their behavior becomes disintegrated or fragmented. This means that their actions, emotions, and thoughts become disconnected and inconsistent. The word "its" in the answer refers to the behavior of the children.

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• 34.

On March 30, 1981, president Reagan was shotashis was leaving a Washington hotel.

• A.

Was shot

• B.

As

• C.

His

• D.

Leaving

C. His
Explanation
President Reagan was shot as he was leaving a Washington hotel. The word "his" in the sentence refers to President Reagan.

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• 35.

As the only major American river that flowed in a west direction, the Ohio was the preferred route for settler.

• A.

The only

• B.

Flowed

• C.

West

• D.

Prefered

C. West
Explanation
The correct answer is "west." This is because the question states that the Ohio river is the only major American river that flows in a west direction. Therefore, it is the preferred route for settlers as it allows them to travel in a westward direction.

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• 36.

During the annually salmon migration from the sea to fresh water, Alaska’s McNeil River becomes a gathering place for brown bears waiting eagerly to catch their fill

• A.

Annually

• B.

Fresh

• C.

Gathering

• D.

Eagerly

A. Annually
Explanation
The word "annually" in this context means that the salmon migration from the sea to fresh water happens every year. This suggests that it is a regular and predictable event.

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• 37.

Edelman stressed the mounting evidence showing that greatly variation on a microscopic scale is likely.

• A.

Mounting

• B.

Showing

• C.

Greatly

• D.

Likely

C. Greatly
Explanation
The word "greatly" is used to describe the level or extent of the variation on a microscopic scale. It suggests that the variation is significant or substantial. The use of "greatly" emphasizes the importance or magnitude of the variation, indicating that it is not minor or insignificant. The word "likely" indicates that there is a high probability or likelihood of this variation occurring. Therefore, the correct answer is "greatly" because it accurately describes the level or extent of the variation and its likelihood.

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• 38.

Perhaps the most welcoming and friendly of the park’s wild places is the live oak forest that surrounds the district’s alone visitors’ center in Gulf Breeze.

• A.

Welcoming

• B.

Friendly

• C.

Live

• D.

Alone

D. Alone
Explanation
The correct answer is "alone" because it is the only word that is directly related to the district's visitor center in Gulf Breeze. The passage describes the live oak forest as surrounding the visitor center, suggesting that it is the only place in the park where visitors can go alone. The other words, "welcoming," "friendly," and "live," do not provide any information about the visitor center or its surroundings.

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• 39.

Halley’s comet, viewingthrough a telescope, was quiteimpressive.

• A.

Viewing

• B.

Through

• C.

Quite

• D.

Impressive

A. Viewing
Explanation
The word "viewing" is the correct answer because it is the gerund form of the verb "view" and it fits grammatically in the sentence. The sentence is discussing the experience of observing Halley's comet through a telescope, so "viewing" accurately describes the action being taken.

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• 40.

The state of deepasleep is characterizedby rapid eye movement, or REM, sleep.

• A.

Deep

• B.

Asleep

• C.

Characterized

• D.

By

B. Asleep
Explanation
The state of being "asleep" is characterized by rapid eye movement, or REM, sleep.

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• 41.

On a trip down to the bottom of the Grand Canyon, the equipment will in all probability be carried by a burros.

• A.

A trip

• B.

The bottom

• C.

The Grand Canyon

• D.

A

D. A
Explanation
The word "a" is the correct answer because it is the indefinite article that is used before a singular noun to refer to any member of a general class. In this sentence, "a trip" refers to any trip, "the bottom" refers to any bottom, and "the Grand Canyon" refers to any Grand Canyon. Therefore, the indefinite article "a" is the appropriate choice.

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• 42.

Ford designed the first large scale assemblyline at plant in Highland Park, Michigan.

• A.

The first

• B.

Assembly line

• C.

Plant

• D.

Highland Park, Michigan

C. Plant
Explanation
Ford designed the first large scale assembly line at a plant in Highland Park, Michigan. This means that the plant in Highland Park, Michigan was the location where Ford implemented the first assembly line on a large scale. Ford's innovation revolutionized the manufacturing industry by increasing efficiency and productivity.

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• 43.

In the human body, blood flows from a heart through the arteries, and it returns through the veins.

• A.

In the

• B.

A

• C.

The arteries

• D.

The

D. The
Explanation
The word "the" is used to refer to a specific noun that has already been mentioned or is known to both the speaker and the listener. In this case, "the" is used to refer back to the arteries that were mentioned earlier in the sentence. It indicates that blood flows through specific arteries, rather than just any arteries.

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• 44.

The scholarship that Wilson received to study history at Cambridge presented an unique opportunity.

• A.

The scholarship

• B.

History

• C.

Cambridge

• D.

An

D. An
Explanation
The word "an" is the correct answer because it is the appropriate article to use before the noun "unique opportunity." In this context, "an" is used because "unique opportunity" starts with a vowel sound.

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• 45.

The buffalo and bison arelikeexcept for the size and shape of the head and shoulders.

• A.

Are

• B.

Like

• C.

Except

• D.

Size

B. Like
Explanation
The buffalo and bison are similar in many ways, with the exception of their size and shape of the head and shoulders. This implies that they share many common characteristics, but differ in certain physical attributes.

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• 46.

Otherinteresting aspect of tachistopic training in recent years has been the  newfound use by professional teams.

• A.

Other

• B.

Interesting

• C.

Has been

• D.

Use

A. Other
Explanation
The correct answer is "other". This is because the sentence is discussing the "other interesting aspect" of tachistopic training, implying that there are multiple aspects being discussed. The word "other" is used to indicate that this aspect is in addition to the ones previously mentioned.

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• 47.

Only about 3 per cent of oil wellsactuallydo a profit.

• A.

• B.

Oil wells

• C.

Actually

• D.

Do

D. Do
Explanation
The word "do" is the correct answer because it is the only word that fits grammatically and makes sense in the sentence. The sentence is stating that only a small percentage of oil wells actually make a profit, so the word "do" is used to indicate that these wells are the ones that achieve profitability.

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• 48.

Dislike sumac with red berries, sumac with white berries is poisonous.

• A.

Dislike

• B.

With

• C.

Is

• D.

Poisonous

A. Dislike
Explanation
The word "dislike" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given sentence that makes grammatical sense. The sentence is comparing two types of sumac berries, one with red berries and one with white berries, and stating that the sumac with white berries is poisonous. The word "dislike" fits in the sentence as a verb that indicates a negative preference or feeling towards something, which is appropriate in this context.

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• 49.

Pittsburgh has reduced its smog by requiring more complete oxidation of fuel in cars, and others cities can do the same thing.

• A.

Its

• B.

More

• C.

Others

• D.

Do

C. Others
Explanation
The given answer "others" is correct because it refers to other cities being able to reduce smog in the same way that Pittsburgh has done. The sentence suggests that Pittsburgh has successfully reduced smog by requiring more complete oxidation of fuel in cars, and it implies that other cities can achieve the same result by implementing similar measures.

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• 50.

• A.

Alike

• B.

All

• C.

Other

• D.

Have