Essentials Of Linguistics Practice Quiz

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 29

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Essentials Of Linguistics Practice Quiz - Quiz

Do you know what the essential elements of linguistics are? Want to test your knowledge of the same? Try this 'Essentials of linguistics practice quiz' and see how well you score on this quiz. The scientific study of a human language is called linguistics. It includes the overall structure of language, grammar, syntax, and phonetics. Essentials of Linguistics is a groundbreaking text that helps learners to focus on the mental grammar of English. Play this quiz to learn more about it in detail.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is true about fricative consonants?
    • A. 

      Fricatives form the largest consonant group in the American English language, consisting of nine (9) sounds.

    • B. 

      Fricative consonants are formed by creating continous airflow that is constricted in the mouth to create sounds.

    • C. 

      Fricative sounds are produced in all parts of the mouth, except the bilabial and velar regions.

    • D. 

      Two affricate sounds, /tʃ, dʒ/, are a special class of stop-plosives and fricative sounds.

    • E. 

      All of the statements are true

  • 2. 
    The /f, v/ fricative sounds are formed in which part of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Bilabial (top and bottom lips)

    • B. 

      Labiodental (teeth and lips)

    • C. 

      InterDental (tongue and teeth)

    • D. 

      Alfeolar (Gum Ridge)

    • E. 

      Hard Palate

    • F. 

      Velar (soft palate)

  • 3. 
    The /θ, ð/ fricative sounds are formed in which part of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Bilabial (top and bottom lips)

    • B. 

      Labiodental (teeth and lips)

    • C. 

      InterDental (tongue and teeth)

    • D. 

      Alfeolar (Gum Ridge)

    • E. 

      Hard Palate

    • F. 

      Velar (soft palate)

  • 4. 
    The /s, z/ fricative sounds are formed in which part of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Bilabial (top and bottom lips)

    • B. 

      Labiodental (teeth and lips)

    • C. 

      InterDental (tongue and teeth)

    • D. 

      Alfeolar (Gum Ridge)

    • E. 

      Hard Palate

    • F. 

      Velar (soft palate)

  • 5. 
    The /ʃ, ʒ/ fricative sounds are formed in which part of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Bilabial (top and bottom lips)

    • B. 

      Labiodental (teeth and lips)

    • C. 

      InterDental (tongue and teeth)

    • D. 

      Alfeolar (Gum Ridge)

    • E. 

      Hard Palate

    • F. 

      Velar (soft palate)

  • 6. 
    According to the vowel length rule, a vowel before a voiced consonant is lengthed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    According to the vowel length rule, which consonant groups below would require a preceding vowel to be lengthened?
    • A. 

      /p, t, k/

    • B. 

      /b, d, g/

    • C. 

      /f, θ, s, ʃ/

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Which of the following interdental sounds /θ, ð/ is true?
    • A. 

      /ð/ is voiced and is pronounced with less force than /θ/

    • B. 

      /ð/ is found in very few English words but are commonly used owing to its use in function words: the, this, that.

    • C. 

      /θ/ is produced with a soft, voiceless sound often at the beginning of words, such as "theater."

    • D. 

      All of the above statements are true.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is not a common error when producing the fricative consonant sounds /s, z/?
    • A. 

      /z/ is pronounced like /ð/

    • B. 

      /s/ and /z/ are not pronounced (dropped) at the end of a word.

    • C. 

      /s/ is mispronounced as /ʃ/: sandwich is pronouched as /ʃænvɪtʃ/

    • D. 

      In consonant clusters beginning with /s/, Spanish speakers add a vowel sound.

    • E. 

      All of the above are common errors

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements is true about the fricative consonants /f, v/?
    • A. 

      /v/ is a commonly mispronounced sound because it does not exist in many languages, including Spanish.

    • B. 

      /v/ is often mispronounced as /b/ and /w/.

    • C. 

      Non-native Spanish speakers often mispronounce the English /v/ as /b/.

    • D. 

      All of the above statements are true.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following sounds can be used to pronounce "-s" and "-es" at the end of words?
    • A. 

      /s/, if final "s" follows a voiceless consonant [p, t, k, f, θ]: 

    • B. 

      /z/, if final "s" follows a vowel/diphthong or a voiced consonant [b, d, g, v, m, n, ŋ, l, r, ð]

    • C. 

      /ɪz/, if final "-es" follows [s,z, ʃ, ʒ, tʃ, dʒ]

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a common consonant cluster created with the fricative sound /s/?
    • A. 

      /ts/-found often at the end of a word: let's

    • B. 

      /sts/-found often at the end of a word: lasts

    • C. 

      /sks/-found often at the end of a word: desks

    • D. 

      /sps/-found often at the end of a word: lisps

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements is true about the fricative consonants /ʃ, ʒ/?
    • A. 

      Both consonants are produced with the front tongue at the hard palate

    • B. 

      /ʃ/ is voiceless and is found in the following words: nation, machine, ocean, shoe.

    • C. 

      /ʒ/ is voiced and is found in the following words: garage, measure

    • D. 

      /ʃ/ is commonly mispronounced /tʃ/ as in "cheese" or /s/ as in "sit."

    • E. 

      All of the statements are true.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is true about the affricate consonant sounds /tʃ, dʒ/?
    • A. 

      Both consist of a stop-plosive consonant and a fricative consonant.

    • B. 

      /tʃ/ is found in the following words: cheese, nature

    • C. 

      /dʒ/ is found in the following words: judge, job

    • D. 

      /tʃ/ is voiceless, while /dʒ/ is voiced.

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statement is true about the fricative consonant sound /h/?
    • A. 

      /h/ is produced by forcing air through the throat or glottal part of the mouth.

    • B. 

      /h/ is voiceless and is usually found at the beginning of a word.

    • C. 

      /h/ is always followed by a vowel sound.

    • D. 

      All of the above

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