Synthetic to fusional
Agglutinating to fusional
Isolating to fusional
Fusional to synthetic
Isolating to synthetic
Agglutinating to synthetic
Yes –they are both relative clauses.
No, the comma marks the beginning of a non-restrictive relative clause in the Danish example, whereas the English one, lacking the comma, is a restrictive one.
Yes, they are both complement clauses fulfilling the role of direct object.
No, they are both complement clauses, but the Danish one fulfills the role of direct object, whereas the English one fulfills the role of adverbial
That adjectives would be placed in front of the noun in an NP
That adjectives would be placed after the noun in an NP
Link several clauses together by marking each clause for same or different subject
Switch subjects around within the clause
Link several clauses together by switching the subject for each clause
Link sentences together by repeating the final clause of the first sentence as the first clause of the next one.
Here's an interesting quiz for you.