Science Quiz: Fundamentals Of Physics

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Science Quiz: Fundamentals Of Physics - Quiz


Physics has always been an interesting subject with a lot of facts, theories, and much more. Are you an expert in Physics? This Science quiz will help you clear the Fundamentals of Physics. The more you score, the more knowledge you have about Physics and its fundamentals. You can play the quiz and get a perfect score. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Definition of derived quantities:

    • A. 

      Physical quantity that cannot be derived from other physical quantities.

    • B. 

      Physical quantities that are derived from the combinations of base quantities through multiplication or division or both these operations.

    • C. 

      Physical quantity with magnitude only.

    • D. 

      Physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

    Correct Answer
    B. Physical quantities that are derived from the combinations of base quantities through multiplication or division or both these operations.
    Explanation
    The given answer is the correct explanation because it accurately describes derived quantities as physical quantities that are formed by combining base quantities through multiplication, division, or both. Derived quantities cannot be derived from other physical quantities and they are formed by manipulating the base quantities. This explanation aligns with the definition provided in the question.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is NOT the vector quantity?

    • A. 

      Energy

    • B. 

      Acceleration

    • C. 

      Weight

    • D. 

      Force

    Correct Answer
    A. Energy
    Explanation
    Energy is not a vector quantity because it does not have both magnitude and direction. Energy is a scalar quantity that represents the ability to do work or cause a change in a system. It is measured in joules (J) and can be transferred between objects or transformed into different forms, but it does not have a specific direction associated with it. In contrast, acceleration, weight, and force are all vector quantities because they have both magnitude and direction.

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  • 3. 

    Definition of accuracy:

    • A. 

      Ability to respond quickly to small change in the value of a measurement.

    • B. 

      Ability to register the same reading when a measurement is repeated.

    • C. 

      The ability of an instrument to give values of measurement that are close to the actual value.

    • D. 

      The difference between the real value and the observed value.

    Correct Answer
    C. The ability of an instrument to give values of measurement that are close to the actual value.
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly defines accuracy as the ability of an instrument to provide measurements that are close to the actual value. Accuracy is important in ensuring that the measurements obtained are reliable and reflect the true value being measured. Instruments with high accuracy are able to minimize errors and provide more precise and trustworthy data.

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  • 4. 

    ................. in experimental measurements are caused by unknown and unpredictable changes in an experiment.

    • A. 

      Zero error

    • B. 

      Systematic error

    • C. 

      Parallax error

    • D. 

      Random error

    Correct Answer
    D. Random error
    Explanation
    Random errors in experimental measurements are caused by unknown and unpredictable changes in an experiment. These errors can occur due to various factors such as fluctuations in environmental conditions, human error, or limitations in measurement instruments. Unlike systematic errors, which are consistent and predictable, random errors are inconsistent and cannot be eliminated completely. They can affect the accuracy and precision of the measurements, leading to variations in the obtained results. Therefore, random errors are considered as a source of uncertainty in experimental data.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following are TRUE about speed? (Answers MORE THAN ONE)

    • A. 

      Scalar Quantity

    • B. 

      Derived quantity

    • C. 

      Rate of change of displacement

    • D. 

      Rate of change of distance

    • E. 

      Vector quantity

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Scalar Quantity
    B. Derived quantity
    D. Rate of change of distance
    Explanation
    Speed is a scalar quantity because it only has magnitude and no direction. It is also a derived quantity because it is calculated by dividing the distance traveled by the time taken. Additionally, speed is the rate of change of distance, as it measures how fast an object is moving over a given period of time. However, speed is not a vector quantity because it does not have a specific direction associated with it.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following are TRUE about deceleration? (Answers MORE THAN ONE)

    • A. 

      Gradient upward

    • B. 

      The rate of change in velocity.

    • C. 

      Derived Quantity

    • D. 

      Rate of change of distance

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. The rate of change in velocity.
    C. Derived Quantity
    Explanation
    Deceleration refers to the rate at which an object's velocity decreases. It is a derived quantity because it is calculated by dividing the change in velocity by the time taken. Therefore, the statement "the rate of change in velocity" is true.

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  • 7. 

    Energy possessed by an object due to its position or state:

    • A. 

      Renewable energy

    • B. 

      Kinetic energy

    • C. 

      Thermal energy

    • D. 

      Potential Energy

    Correct Answer
    D. Potential Energy
    Explanation
    Potential energy is the correct answer because it refers to the energy that an object possesses due to its position or state. This type of energy is stored and can be converted into other forms of energy, such as kinetic energy, when the object's position or state changes. Examples of potential energy include a stretched spring, a raised object, or a compressed gas.

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  • 8. 

    The principle of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be .......... from one form to another.

    Correct Answer
    converted
    Explanation
    The principle of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be converted from one form to another. This means that energy can change from potential to kinetic, from thermal to mechanical, or from electrical to chemical, among other forms. The total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant, even though it may change its form.

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  • 9. 

    Definition of efficiency:

    • A. 

      Capacity to do work

    • B. 

      Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be converted from one form to another.

    • C. 

      The rate at which work is done or energy is transferred.

    • D. 

      Comparison of the useful work energy provided by a machine or system to the work energy applied to the machine or system.

    Correct Answer
    D. Comparison of the useful work energy provided by a machine or system to the work energy applied to the machine or system.
    Explanation
    The definition of efficiency is the comparison of the useful work energy provided by a machine or system to the work energy applied to the machine or system. This means that efficiency is a measure of how effectively a machine or system converts the energy input into useful work output. It indicates the ratio of output energy to input energy, showing how much of the input energy is wasted or lost in the process. A higher efficiency value indicates that less energy is being wasted, while a lower efficiency value suggests that more energy is being lost in the conversion process.

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  • 10. 

    Parallax error is an error that arises, when:

    • A. 

      The scale of the measuring instrument does not start from zero.

    • B. 

      The measuring instrument does not have zero scale.

    • C. 

      The observer's eye is not in line to the scale.

    Correct Answer
    C. The observer's eye is not in line to the scale.
    Explanation
    Parallax error occurs when the observer's eye is not in line with the scale. This means that the observer is not viewing the measurement directly from the front, causing an error in the reading. When the eye is not aligned with the scale, the measurement appears to be shifted, leading to an inaccurate reading. It is important to ensure that the eye is properly aligned with the scale to avoid parallax error and obtain accurate measurements.

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  • 11. 

    20000J  of heat is used to increase the temperature of 500g of an object from 30oC to 70oC. What is the specific heat capacity of the object?

    • A. 

      10000J/kgoC

    • B. 

      1000J/kgoC

    • C. 

      500J/kgoC

    • D. 

      250J/kgoC

    Correct Answer
    B. 1000J/kgoC
    Explanation
    The specific heat capacity of an object is the amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of the object by one degree Celsius. In this question, 20,000J of heat is used to increase the temperature of 500g (0.5kg) of the object from 30oC to 70oC. To find the specific heat capacity, we can use the formula: specific heat capacity = heat energy / (mass * change in temperature). Plugging in the given values, we get: specific heat capacity = 20,000J / (0.5kg * 40oC) = 1000J/kgoC. Therefore, the specific heat capacity of the object is 1000J/kgoC.

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  • 12. 

    Negative acceleration is also known as ........................

    Correct Answer
    deceleration
    Explanation
    Negative acceleration is also known as deceleration because it refers to the decrease in velocity or the slowing down of an object's motion. When an object experiences negative acceleration, it means that its speed is decreasing over time. This can occur when an object is slowing down, coming to a stop, or changing direction. Deceleration is the opposite of acceleration, which refers to an increase in velocity or speeding up. Therefore, negative acceleration and deceleration are synonymous terms that describe the same phenomenon of slowing down or decreasing speed.

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  • 13. 

    An object is said to move with ................... acceleration if its velocity remains constant.

    Correct Answer
    zero
    Explanation
    When an object's velocity remains constant, it means that it is not changing its speed or direction. In this case, the object is said to have zero acceleration because acceleration is the rate of change of velocity. If the velocity is not changing, then the acceleration is zero.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is NOT applications of Archimedes' Principle?

    • A. 

      Ships

    • B. 

      Hydrometer

    • C. 

      Hot air balloons

    • D. 

      Submarines

    • E. 

      Hydraulics jack

    Correct Answer
    E. Hydraulics jack
    Explanation
    The hydraulics jack is not an application of Archimedes' Principle. Archimedes' Principle states that the buoyant force on an object submerged in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. Ships, hydrometers, hot air balloons, and submarines all involve the principle of buoyancy and the displacement of fluids. However, a hydraulic jack operates on the principle of Pascal's law, which states that when pressure is applied to a fluid in a confined space, it is transmitted equally in all directions. Therefore, the correct answer is hydraulics jack.

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  • 15. 

    A car traveling at 20m/s stops after a distance of 30m. What is its deceleration?

    • A. 

      -1.254m/s2

    • B. 

      -6.667m/s2

    • C. 

      -8.554m/s2

    • D. 

      -8.547m/s2​​​​​​​

    Correct Answer
    B. -6.667m/s2
    Explanation
    The deceleration of the car can be calculated using the formula: acceleration = (final velocity^2 - initial velocity^2) / (2 * distance). In this case, the initial velocity is 20m/s, the final velocity is 0m/s (since the car stops), and the distance is 30m. Plugging these values into the formula, we get: acceleration = (0^2 - 20^2) / (2 * 30) = (-400) / 60 = -6.667m/s2. Therefore, the correct answer is -6.667m/s2.

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  • 16. 

    A car starts off at 5m/s and accelerates at 4m/s2 for 10s. What is its final velocity?

    • A. 

      40m/s

    • B. 

      55m/s

    • C. 

      45m/s

    • D. 

      34m/s

    Correct Answer
    C. 45m/s
    Explanation
    The car initially travels at a speed of 5m/s. It then accelerates at a rate of 4m/s^2 for a duration of 10 seconds. To find the final velocity, we can use the equation: final velocity = initial velocity + (acceleration * time). Plugging in the values, we get: final velocity = 5m/s + (4m/s^2 * 10s) = 5m/s + 40m/s = 45m/s. Therefore, the correct answer is 45m/s.

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  • 17. 

    If a car is slowing down, the motion of the car can be described as:

    • A. 

      Deceleration

    • B. 

      Aceleration

    • C. 

      Stationary

    • D. 

      Velocity

    Correct Answer
    A. Deceleration
    Explanation
    When a car is slowing down, it means that its velocity is decreasing. Deceleration refers to the rate at which the velocity of an object is decreasing. Therefore, deceleration is the correct term to describe the motion of the car in this scenario. The other options, acceleration and velocity, are incorrect because they imply an increase in speed rather than a decrease. Stationary is also incorrect as it refers to an object that is not moving at all.

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  • 18. 

    If a car travels at a speed of 60m/s for 2 minutes, what is the acceleration of the car during that period of time.

    • A. 

      Uniform

    • B. 

      Zero

    • C. 

      Increases uniformly

    • D. 

      Decreases uniformly

    Correct Answer
    B. Zero
    Explanation
    The acceleration of the car during that period of time is zero because the question states that the car travels at a constant speed of 60m/s. Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity, and if the velocity remains constant, there is no change in velocity and therefore no acceleration.

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  • 19. 

    An immersion heater is rated at 1500W. Calculate the time taken for water of 5.0kg to reach its boiling point if the initial temperature of water is 28oC. Given cwater =4200J/kgoC

    • A. 

      126s

    • B. 

      392s

    • C. 

      1008s

    • D. 

      504s

    Correct Answer
    C. 1008s
    Explanation
    The time taken for the water to reach its boiling point can be calculated using the formula:

    Q = mcΔT

    where Q is the heat energy required, m is the mass of the water, c is the specific heat capacity of water, and ΔT is the change in temperature.

    In this case, the initial temperature of the water is 28°C and the boiling point of water is 100°C. Therefore, ΔT = 100 - 28 = 72°C.

    The heat energy required can be calculated using the formula:

    Q = P × t

    where Q is the heat energy, P is the power of the immersion heater, and t is the time taken.

    In this case, the power of the immersion heater is 1500W.

    Therefore,

    1500W × t = mcΔT

    1500W × t = 5.0kg × 4200J/kg°C × 72°C

    Simplifying the equation gives:

    1500t = 1512000

    t = 1512000/1500

    t = 1008s

    Therefore, the correct answer is 1008s.

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