# Trivia On General Science

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How Much do you know about General Science?

• 1.

### In science, what word means a smaller representation of an object or event?

• A.

Mini

• B.

Pygmy

• C.

Theorem

• D.

Model

D. Model
Explanation
A model is a smaller representation of an object or event in science. It is used to study and understand complex concepts by simplifying them into a more manageable form. Models can be physical, such as a miniature replica of a building, or conceptual, such as a mathematical equation that represents a natural phenomenon. By using models, scientists can make predictions, test hypotheses, and gain insights into the workings of the real world.

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• 2.

### What word means the amount of space an object takes up?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Perimeter

• D.

Length

B. Volume
Explanation
Volume is the correct answer because it refers to the amount of space that an object occupies. It is a measurement of three-dimensional space and is commonly used to describe the capacity or size of an object. Mass, perimeter, and length do not specifically refer to the amount of space an object takes up, making them incorrect choices for this question.

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• 3.

### What tube carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder?

• A.

Ureter

• B.

Fallopian Tube

• C.

Esophagus

• D.

Urethra

A. Ureter
Explanation
The ureter is the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder. It is a muscular tube that transports urine by peristalsis, which is a series of wave-like contractions. The ureter plays a crucial role in the urinary system by connecting the kidneys to the bladder and allowing the elimination of waste products from the body. The fallopian tube is not involved in urine transport, as it is part of the female reproductive system. The esophagus is responsible for carrying food from the mouth to the stomach, while the urethra carries urine from the bladder out of the body.

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• 4.

### Which scientist did research with peanuts and helped southern farmers?

• A.

George Washington Carver

• B.

George Washington

• C.

Isaac Newton

• D.

Benjamin Franklin

A. George Washington Carver
Explanation
George Washington Carver is the correct answer because he was a scientist who extensively researched and promoted the use of peanuts. He developed various uses for peanuts, including peanut butter, oil, and cosmetics, which greatly benefited southern farmers who relied on the crop. Carver's research and innovations helped to diversify and improve the economic prospects of farmers in the southern United States.

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• 5.

### What measurement is typically used to measure mass?

• A.

Pounds

• B.

Grams

• C.

Meters

• D.

Inches

B. Grams
Explanation
Grams is typically used to measure mass. It is a unit of measurement in the metric system and is widely used around the world. Grams are a smaller unit of mass compared to pounds, which are commonly used in the imperial system. Meters and inches are measurements of length, not mass. Therefore, grams is the correct answer for measuring mass.

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• 6.

### Which of the following is a non-metric unit for weight?

• A.

Miles

• B.

Pound

• C.

Inches

• D.

Fahrenheit

B. Pound
Explanation
The pound is a non-metric unit for weight. The metric system uses the kilogram as the standard unit for weight, but the pound is commonly used in countries like the United States. Miles, inches, and Fahrenheit are not units of weight, but rather units of distance and temperature respectively.

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• 7.

### What are the two major elements making up the sun?

• A.

Hydrogen And Helium

• B.

Hydrogen And Oxygen

• C.

Oxygen And Neon

• D.

Helium And Oxygen

A. Hydrogen And Helium
Explanation
The two major elements making up the sun are hydrogen and helium. This is because the sun is primarily composed of hydrogen, which undergoes nuclear fusion to form helium. This process releases a tremendous amount of energy and is responsible for the sun's heat and light. Other elements, such as oxygen and neon, are present in smaller quantities in the sun but do not make up the majority of its composition.

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• 8.

### Which of the following is the speed of light in a vacuum?

• A.

5 X 10E4 Meters Per Second

• B.

2262 Centimeters Per Second

• C.

3 X 10E8 Meters Per Second

• D.

11000 Feet Per Second

C. 3 X 10E8 Meters Per Second
Explanation
The speed of light in a vacuum is approximately 3 X 10E8 meters per second. This is a well-known scientific fact that has been measured and confirmed through various experiments and observations. It is a fundamental constant in physics and plays a crucial role in many scientific theories and calculations.

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• 9.

### What part of the scientific method tests a hypothesis?

• A.

Record

• B.

Conclusion

• C.

Experiment

• D.

Stating Of Problem

C. Experiment
Explanation
The part of the scientific method that tests a hypothesis is the experiment. In this step, scientists design and conduct experiments to gather data and evidence that either supports or refutes their hypothesis. Through experimentation, scientists can observe and measure the effects of variables and determine if their hypothesis is valid or not. This step is crucial in the scientific method as it allows for the evaluation and validation of the hypothesis.

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• 10.

### What is the SI measurement for volume?

• A.

Liter

• B.

Seconds

• C.

Grams

• D.

Joule

A. Liter
Explanation
The SI measurement for volume is the liter. The liter is a unit of measurement for volume in the metric system and is equal to 1 cubic decimeter. It is commonly used to measure the volume of liquids and is widely accepted and recognized internationally.

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• 11.

### What number is the International System of Units based on?

• A.

10

• B.

50

• C.

100

• D.

0

A. 10
Explanation
The International System of Units, also known as SI, is based on the number 10. This system uses powers of 10 as the basis for its unit prefixes, such as kilo, mega, and giga. The use of base 10 simplifies calculations and conversions between different units, making it a widely adopted system for scientific and everyday measurements.

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• 12.

### Which is the use of scientific knowledge to solve everyday problems?

• A.

Alienation

• B.

Intoxication

• C.

Transformation

• D.

Technology

D. Technology
Explanation
Technology refers to the use of scientific knowledge to solve everyday problems. It involves the application of scientific principles and methods to create tools, machines, and systems that improve efficiency, convenience, and productivity in various aspects of life. Through technology, people can solve problems, improve communication, enhance transportation, and achieve numerous other advancements that make everyday life easier and more efficient.

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• 13.

### What type of microscope uses light and two or more lenses to see specimens?

• A.

Compound Light Microscope

• B.

Electron Microscope

• C.

Telescope Microscope

• D.

Telemetry Microscope

A. Compound Light Microscope
Explanation
A compound light microscope uses light and two or more lenses to see specimens. This type of microscope is commonly used in laboratories and schools for observing small objects or organisms. The light source illuminates the specimen, and the lenses magnify the image, allowing for detailed observation and analysis. It is called a "compound" microscope because it utilizes multiple lenses to achieve higher magnification and resolution compared to a single lens microscope. Electron microscopes, on the other hand, use beams of electrons instead of light to visualize specimens at a much higher resolution. Telescope and telemetry microscopes are not commonly used terms in microscopy.

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• 14.

### What hereditary disease allows large amounts of mucus to build up in the lungs?

• A.

Cystic Fibrosis

• B.

Anthrax

• C.

Pneumonia

• D.

Bacterial Meningitis

A. Cystic Fibrosis
Explanation
Cystic Fibrosis is a hereditary disease that causes large amounts of mucus to build up in the lungs. This condition is caused by a mutation in the CFTR gene, which leads to the production of thick and sticky mucus in various organs, particularly the lungs. The excessive mucus can obstruct the airways, making it difficult to breathe, and also increases the risk of lung infections. Cystic Fibrosis is a chronic and progressive disease that requires lifelong management and treatment.

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• 15.

### What is a mixture of gasoline and ethanol called?

• A.

Corn Mass

• B.

Gasohol

• C.

Ethaline

• D.

Food

B. Gasohol
Explanation
Gasohol is the correct answer because it refers to a mixture of gasoline and ethanol. Gasohol is commonly used as an alternative fuel for vehicles, as it combines the energy properties of gasoline with the cleaner-burning characteristics of ethanol. This blend is typically made up of 90% gasoline and 10% ethanol, although the exact ratio may vary.

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