Molecular Biology- DNA Replication Short Quiz!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Alfredhook3
A
Alfredhook3
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2924 | Total Attempts: 2,386,943
Questions: 7 | Attempts: 242

SettingsSettingsSettings
Molecular Biology- DNA Replication Short Quiz! - Quiz

What do you know about DNA replication? If you have studied molecular biology, you must have come across this term. Well, for a short definition, when two DNA replicas are produced from a single DNA molecule, it's called DNA replication. So, if you about this process, can you answer these questions in this short quiz?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The process that copies a DNA molecule:

    • A.

      Replication

    • B.

      Transformation

    • C.

      Base pairing

    Correct Answer
    A. Replication
    Explanation
    Replication is the correct answer because it is the process that copies a DNA molecule. During replication, the DNA molecule unwinds and separates into two strands, and each strand serves as a template for the synthesis of a new complementary strand. This results in two identical copies of the original DNA molecule. Transformation is a process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell, and base pairing is a fundamental principle in DNA where adenine pairs with thymine and cytosine pairs with guanine.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    An enzyme that joins individual nucleotides to produce a new strand of DNA:

    • A.

      Telomerase

    • B.

      DNA polymerase

    • C.

      Telomere

    Correct Answer
    B. DNA polymerase
    Explanation
    DNA polymerase is the correct answer because it is an enzyme responsible for the synthesis of new DNA strands. It catalyzes the addition of individual nucleotides to the growing DNA chain, using a template strand as a guide. Telomerase, on the other hand, is an enzyme involved in the maintenance and replication of telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes. Telomeres themselves are repetitive DNA sequences that do not directly join nucleotides to produce new DNA strands.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    In eukaryotic cells, replication can begin at:

    • A.

      Hundred of places on the DNA molecule

    • B.

      Single starting point

    Correct Answer
    A. Hundred of places on the DNA molecule
    Explanation
    In eukaryotic cells, replication can begin at hundreds of places on the DNA molecule. This is because eukaryotic DNA is linear and much longer than prokaryotic DNA. The replication process involves the unwinding of the DNA double helix and the formation of replication forks. These replication forks can initiate at multiple sites along the DNA molecule simultaneously. This allows for faster replication and ensures that the entire DNA molecule is replicated efficiently.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    In DNA, the fit between thymine and adenine, and the fit between cytosine and Guanine is called:

    • A.

      Replication 

    • B.

      Transformation

    • C.

      Base pairing

    Correct Answer
    C. Base pairing
    Explanation
    Base pairing refers to the specific pairing of nucleotide bases in DNA. Adenine always pairs with thymine, and cytosine always pairs with guanine. This complementary base pairing is crucial for DNA replication and transcription, as it ensures that the genetic information is accurately copied and transferred. Therefore, base pairing is the correct term to describe the fit between thymine and adenine, and cytosine and guanine in DNA.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The first step in DNA replication is:

    • A.

      New bases are added following the rules of base pairing.

    • B.

      The strands of the DNA separate.

    • C.

      The DNA molecule resulting from replication has one original strand and one new strand.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. The strands of the DNA separate.
    Explanation
    During DNA replication, the first step is the separation of the two strands of the DNA molecule. This separation is facilitated by enzymes that break the hydrogen bonds between the base pairs, causing the double helix structure to unwind. Once the strands are separated, new bases are added to each strand following the rules of base pairing, where adenine pairs with thymine and guanine pairs with cytosine. This process results in the formation of two identical DNA molecules, each consisting of one original strand and one newly synthesized strand. Therefore, the correct answer is "The strands of the DNA separate."

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What enzyme associated with DNA replication connects Okazaki fragments?

    • A.

      DNA Primase

    • B.

      DNA Ligase

    • C.

      DNA Polymerase

    Correct Answer
    B. DNA Ligase
    Explanation
    DNA Ligase is the correct answer because it is the enzyme responsible for connecting or joining the Okazaki fragments that are formed during DNA replication on the lagging strand. Okazaki fragments are short segments of DNA that are synthesized in the opposite direction of the replication fork, and DNA Ligase plays a crucial role in sealing the nicks or gaps between these fragments by catalyzing the formation of phosphodiester bonds. This process ensures the continuous synthesis of the lagging strand during DNA replication. DNA Primase is responsible for synthesizing RNA primers, and DNA Polymerase is responsible for adding nucleotides to the growing DNA strand.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What enzyme associated with DNA Replication produces an RNA Primer?

    • A.

      RNA Primase

    • B.

      DNA Primase

    • C.

      DNA Polymerases

    Correct Answer
    A. RNA Primase
    Explanation
    RNA primase is the correct answer because it is the enzyme responsible for synthesizing short RNA primers during DNA replication. These primers provide a starting point for DNA polymerases to attach and begin the synthesis of new DNA strands. DNA primase is not a valid option because it does not exist. DNA polymerases are involved in DNA replication but do not produce RNA primers. Therefore, RNA primase is the correct enzyme associated with DNA replication that produces an RNA primer.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 28, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Alfredhook3
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.