DNA Shape And Replication Quiz! Trivia

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DNA Shape And Replication Quiz! Trivia - Quiz

DNA is shaped like a twisted double helix, composed of long strands of sugars and phosphate groups, namely adenine, thymof itself during cell division. This quiz will test the DNA shape, base pairs group, and simple DNA replication facts. Let's try it out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What shape is the DNA molecule?

    • A.

      Double Helix

    • B.

      Flexible Rungs

    • C.

      Hexagonal Spiral

    Correct Answer
    A. Double Helix
    Explanation
    The DNA molecule is shaped like a double helix. This means that it has two strands that are twisted around each other in a spiral shape. The double helix structure allows the DNA molecule to store and transmit genetic information. Each strand of the double helix is made up of a sequence of nucleotides, which are the building blocks of DNA. The two strands are held together by hydrogen bonds between complementary nucleotides. This unique shape of the DNA molecule is essential for its function in carrying and replicating genetic information.

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  • 2. 

    The two strands of the DNA molecule are made of what type of subunit?

    • A.

      Hydrogen Bond

    • B.

      Cytosines

    • C.

      Nucleotides

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleotides
    Explanation
    The two strands of the DNA molecule are made of nucleotides. Nucleotides are the building blocks of DNA and consist of a sugar molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. The nitrogenous bases, including cytosine, form hydrogen bonds with complementary bases on the opposite DNA strand, creating the double helix structure of DNA. Therefore, nucleotides are the subunits that make up the DNA molecule.

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  • 3. 

    The base pair guanine joins to...

    • A.

      Other guanine

    • B.

      Adenine

    • C.

      Cytosine

    • D.

      Thymine

    Correct Answer
    C. Cytosine
    Explanation
    Guanine, one of the four nucleotide bases in DNA, forms a complementary base pair with cytosine. This means that in the DNA double helix, guanine always pairs with cytosine through hydrogen bonding. This pairing is essential for the stability and structure of DNA. Therefore, the correct answer is cytosine.

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  • 4. 

    The base pair thymine joins to...

    • A.

      Other thymine

    • B.

      Adenine

    • C.

      Cytosine

    • D.

      Guanine

    Correct Answer
    B. Adenine
    Explanation
    Thymine, one of the four nucleotide bases in DNA, forms a complementary base pair with adenine. This pairing is held together by hydrogen bonds, with thymine always pairing with adenine and cytosine always pairing with guanine. This complementary base pairing is crucial for DNA replication and transcription, as it ensures that the genetic information is accurately copied and transmitted.

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  • 5. 

    What are the names of the people that are credited with discovering the DNA molecule & its shape?

    • A.

      Watson & Crick

    • B.

      Mendel & Hubert

    • C.

      Einstein & Newton

    Correct Answer
    A. Watson & Crick
    Explanation
    Watson and Crick are credited with discovering the DNA molecule and its shape. They famously proposed the double helix structure of DNA in 1953, based on the work of Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins. Their discovery revolutionized the field of genetics and laid the foundation for our understanding of how genetic information is stored and transmitted. Mendel and Hubert are not associated with the discovery of DNA, and Einstein and Newton are known for their contributions to physics, not genetics.

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  • 6. 

    The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself is called:

    • A.

      Synthesis

    • B.

      Replication

    • C.

      Transcription

    • D.

      Translation

    Correct Answer
    B. Replication
    Explanation
    Replication is the correct answer because it refers to the process in which DNA molecules make exact copies of themselves. During replication, the double-stranded DNA unwinds and each strand serves as a template for the synthesis of a new complementary strand. This ensures that each daughter cell receives an identical copy of the genetic information during cell division. Synthesis, transcription, and translation are all important processes in gene expression, but they are not specifically related to the replication of DNA.

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  • 7. 

    The twisted ladder shape of DNA is called a:

    • A.

      Hydrogen twist

    • B.

      Deoxyribose flip

    • C.

      Double helix

    • D.

      Double membrane

    Correct Answer
    C. Double helix
    Explanation
    The twisted ladder shape of DNA is called a double helix because it consists of two strands that are twisted around each other like a twisted ladder or spiral staircase. This structure is formed by the pairing of nucleotides, specifically the nitrogenous bases adenine (A) with thymine (T), and cytosine (C) with guanine (G), held together by hydrogen bonds. The double helix shape allows for the compact storage of genetic information and facilitates DNA replication and transcription.

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  • 8. 

    The sugar found in DNA is:

    • A.

      Equal

    • B.

      Deoxyribose

    • C.

      Ribose

    • D.

      Glucose

    Correct Answer
    B. Deoxyribose
    Explanation
    The sugar found in DNA is deoxyribose. DNA is composed of nucleotides, which consist of a sugar molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. In DNA, the sugar molecule is deoxyribose, while in RNA, the sugar molecule is ribose. Deoxyribose is a five-carbon sugar that lacks an oxygen atom on the second carbon, hence the name "deoxy." This structural difference allows DNA to form a stable double helix structure, which is essential for its role in storing and transmitting genetic information. Glucose is a different type of sugar commonly used as an energy source in cells, but it is not found in DNA.

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  • 9. 

    The three nucleotide sequence on RNA is called a:

    • A.

      TRNA

    • B.

      Codon

    • C.

      Triplet

    • D.

      Gene

    Correct Answer
    B. Codon
    Explanation
    A three nucleotide sequence on RNA is called a codon. Codons are responsible for encoding specific amino acids during protein synthesis. Each codon corresponds to a specific amino acid or a stop signal. The sequence of codons determines the order in which amino acids are added to the growing protein chain. Therefore, codons play a crucial role in determining the structure and function of proteins.

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  • 10. 

    DNA is called the "blueprint of life" because:

    • A.

      It is like a fingerprint

    • B.

      It has a blue color

    • C.

      It contains the plans for building an organism

    • D.

      It can relay messages to other molecules

    Correct Answer
    C. It contains the plans for building an organism
    Explanation
    DNA is called the "blueprint of life" because it contains the plans for building an organism. DNA carries the genetic information that determines the characteristics and functions of living organisms. It provides the instructions for the development, growth, and functioning of all living things. Just like a blueprint guides the construction of a building, DNA guides the construction and functioning of an organism.

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