Post Assessment Quiz - Medication Administration

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Post Assessment Quiz - Medication Administration - Quiz

The following quiz should be taken after completion of each of the learning activities in the learning contract. A screen shot of your completed quiz score should be taken and pasted into a MS Word doc. And submitted to the instructor.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A nurse prepares an injection of morphine (Duramorph) to give to a client who reports pain. Prior to administering the medication, the nurse is called to another room to assist another client onto a bedpan. This nurse then asks a second nurse to give the injection so that she can help the client needing the bedpan. Which of the following actions should the second nurse take?

    • A.

      Offer to assist the client needing the bedpan.

    • B.

      Give the injection prepared by the other nurse.

    • C.

      Prepare another syringe and give the injection.

    • D.

      Tell the client needing the bedpan she will have to wait for her nurse.

    Correct Answer
    A. Offer to assist the client needing the bedpan.
    Explanation
    The second nurse should offer to assist the client needing the bedpan. This is the most appropriate action because the nurse who prepared the injection is currently occupied and unable to administer it. By offering to help the client needing the bedpan, the second nurse ensures that both clients receive the necessary care in a timely manner.

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  • 2. 

    A medication can be administered up to 2 hours following the ordered administration time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a medication should be administered within a specific time frame as ordered by the healthcare provider. Waiting for more than 2 hours to administer the medication can potentially affect its effectiveness and may not provide the intended therapeutic effect. It is important to follow the prescribed administration time to ensure optimal treatment outcomes.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following nursing actions may prevent medication errors?

    • A.

      Taking all medications out of the unit-dose wrappers before entering the client’s room.

    • B.

      Checking with the provider when a single dose requires administration of multiple tablets.

    • C.

      Giving the prescribed medication and then looking up the usual dosage range.

    • D.

      Relying on another nurse to clarify a medication prescription.

    Correct Answer
    B. Checking with the provider when a single dose requires administration of multiple tablets.
    Explanation
    Checking with the provider when a single dose requires administration of multiple tablets may prevent medication errors. This action ensures that the nurse is administering the correct dosage and avoids the risk of giving too much or too little medication. By clarifying with the provider, the nurse can ensure that they have the correct instructions for administering the medication and can prevent any potential errors.

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  • 4. 

    When implementing medication therapy, the nurse’s responsibilities include prescribing the correct dose and administering the correct amount.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because nurses do not have the authority to prescribe medication. Their responsibilities include administering the correct dose and amount of medication, but the prescription must come from a licensed healthcare provider, such as a doctor or nurse practitioner.

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  • 5. 

    A nurse should use the nursing process when administering medications to prevent errors.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The nursing process is a systematic method that nurses use to provide patient-centered care. It involves assessing the patient's needs, diagnosing any potential issues, planning and implementing interventions, and evaluating the outcomes. By using the nursing process when administering medications, nurses can ensure that they are taking all necessary precautions to prevent errors. This includes verifying the correct medication, dose, and route, as well as assessing the patient for any potential contraindications or adverse reactions. Therefore, it is true that a nurse should use the nursing process when administering medications to prevent errors.

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  • 6. 

    The nurse should question the provider if the prescription is unclear or seems inappropriate for the client’s condition. Refuse to give a medication if it is believed to be unsafe and notify the charge nurse or supervisor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The nurse should question the provider if the prescription is unclear or seems inappropriate for the client's condition. This is important because the nurse has a responsibility to ensure the safety and well-being of the client. If the nurse believes that a medication is unsafe, they should refuse to administer it and notify the charge nurse or supervisor. This promotes patient advocacy and helps prevent potential harm to the client.

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  • 7. 

    Clients have the right to refuse to take a medication. If that should occur the nurse should determine the reason for refusal, provide information regarding the risk of refusal, notify appropriate health care personnel, and document the refusal and actions taken.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Clients have the right to refuse medication, and it is the nurse's responsibility to understand the reason for refusal, educate the client about the potential risks of refusal, inform other healthcare professionals about the refusal, and document the refusal and any actions taken. This ensures that the client's autonomy and decision-making are respected, and that appropriate steps are taken to address their healthcare needs.

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  • 8. 

    Medication prescriptions are written on the client’s medical record by the provider or a nurse who takes a verbal or telephone prescription from a provider. If the nurse writes a medication prescription on the client’s medical record, facility policy specifies how much time the provider has in which to sign the prescription (48 hr). Medication prescriptions are transcribed to the medication administration record (MAR) by a nurse or other health care provider.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    24 hours

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  • 9. 

    A PRN prescription stipulates at what dosage, what frequency, and under what conditions a medication may be given. The nurse uses clinical judgment to determine the client’s need for the medication. For example, a PRN prescription instructs the nurse to give morphine (Duramorph) 2 mg IVP Q1H PRN for chest pain.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A PRN prescription is a type of prescription that specifies the dosage, frequency, and conditions under which a medication can be given. The nurse is responsible for using their clinical judgment to assess the client's need for the medication. In this case, the PRN prescription instructs the nurse to administer 2 mg of morphine intravenously every 1 hour as needed for chest pain. This statement accurately reflects the nature of a PRN prescription, making the answer "True".

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  • 10. 

    A contraindication is an undesired, inadvertent, and unexpected dangerous effects of the medication. Contraindications are usually identified according to body system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Adverse reactions.

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