What Do You Know About The Plasma Membrane? Trivia Questions Quiz

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What Do You Know About The Plasma Membrane? Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

What do you know about the plasma membrane? Did you know that this membrane has some proteins that act as enzymes, receptors and channels? There is much that you must have learnt about this part of a cell, and this quiz will help refresh your memory. How about you try it out and keep an eye out for others like it?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the plasma membrane mostly made up of?

    Explanation
    The plasma membrane is mostly made up of phospholipids and proteins. Phospholipids are the main structural component of the membrane, forming a lipid bilayer that provides a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell. Proteins are embedded within this lipid bilayer, serving various functions such as transport of molecules, cell signaling, and structural support. The arrangement of phospholipids and proteins in the plasma membrane allows for selective permeability and communication with the external environment.

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  • 2. 

    The head of a phospholipid is a _______ molecule.

    Explanation
    The head of a phospholipid is a glycerol molecule. Glycerol is a three-carbon alcohol with hydroxyl groups attached to each carbon. In a phospholipid, the glycerol molecule forms the backbone to which the fatty acid chains and phosphate group are attached. The hydroxyl groups of glycerol interact with the phosphate group, forming a polar "head" region of the molecule. This polar head is hydrophilic, meaning it is attracted to water, while the fatty acid chains are hydrophobic, repelling water. This unique structure allows phospholipids to form the basis of cell membranes, with their hydrophilic heads facing outward towards the watery environment and their hydrophobic tails facing inward, creating a barrier.

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  • 3. 

    Attached to the head of the phospholipid are two _____ _____ chains.

    Explanation
    The head of the phospholipid molecule is attached to two fatty acid chains. Fatty acids are long hydrocarbon chains with a carboxyl group at one end. In a phospholipid, these fatty acid chains are hydrophobic, meaning they repel water. This hydrophobic nature of the fatty acid chains helps in the formation of the lipid bilayer, which is a crucial component of cell membranes. The fatty acid chains provide stability and structure to the phospholipid molecule, allowing it to form the lipid bilayer and fulfill its role in cell membranes.

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  • 4. 

    The head of the phospholipid is hydro____ and the tails are hydro____.

    Explanation
    The head of the phospholipid is hydrophilic, meaning it has an affinity for water. This is because the head of the phospholipid molecule contains a phosphate group, which is polar and can form hydrogen bonds with water molecules. On the other hand, the tails of the phospholipid are hydrophobic, meaning they repel water. This is because the tails are made up of long hydrocarbon chains, which are nonpolar and do not interact well with water. This arrangement of hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails is what allows phospholipids to form the lipid bilayer of cell membranes.

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  • 5. 

    Phospholipids pack together in a membrane to form a double layer called a _______.

    Explanation
    Phospholipids have a hydrophilic (water-loving) head and a hydrophobic (water-fearing) tail. In a membrane, the hydrophilic heads face outward towards the watery environment, while the hydrophobic tails face inward, away from the water. This arrangement allows phospholipids to pack together in two layers, with the hydrophilic heads on the outer surfaces and the hydrophobic tails sandwiched in the middle. This double layer is called a bilayer.

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  • 6. 

    What do you call the proteins that span the whole bilayer?

    Explanation
    The term "intrinsic" refers to proteins that span the entire bilayer of a membrane. These proteins are embedded within the lipid bilayer and have hydrophobic regions that interact with the hydrophobic interior of the membrane. They play important roles in various cellular processes such as transport of molecules across the membrane, cell signaling, and structural support.

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  • 7. 

    What do you call the proteins that are on only one side of the bilayer?

    Explanation
    Extrinsic proteins are the proteins that are located on only one side of the bilayer. These proteins are attached to the surface of the lipid bilayer and do not span across it. They are usually involved in cell signaling, cell adhesion, and transport of molecules across the membrane. Extrinsic proteins can be easily removed from the membrane without disrupting its structure.

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  • 8. 

    What do you call proteins which have carbohydrate chains attached to them?

    Explanation
    Glycoproteins are proteins that have carbohydrate chains attached to them. These carbohydrate chains can be attached to the protein through a process called glycosylation. This modification plays a crucial role in the structure and function of proteins, as it can affect their stability, solubility, and interaction with other molecules. Glycoproteins are found in various biological processes, such as cell signaling, immune response, and cell adhesion. They are important for maintaining the integrity and functionality of cells and tissues in the body.

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  • 9. 

    What do you call lipids which have carbohydrate chains attached to them?

    Explanation
    Glycolipids are lipids that have carbohydrate chains attached to them. These carbohydrate chains can be found on the outer surface of cell membranes and play important roles in cell recognition and signaling. Glycolipids are composed of a lipid portion, usually a fatty acid, and a carbohydrate portion, which can vary in size and composition. They are involved in various biological processes, including cell adhesion, immune response, and cell signaling.

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  • 10. 

    In many membranes, __________ is present. This helps to keep the membrane stable.

    Explanation
    Cholesterol is present in many membranes and helps to keep the membrane stable. Cholesterol molecules are interspersed between the phospholipids in the membrane, reducing the fluidity and increasing the stability of the membrane. It also prevents the fatty acid chains of the phospholipids from packing too closely together, which could lead to a solidification of the membrane. Overall, cholesterol plays a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and stability of cell membranes.

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  • 11. 

    The way the molecules in a membrane are arranged is called the ____-_______ model.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fluid mosaic" or "fluid-mosaic." This term refers to the arrangement of molecules in a membrane, which is characterized by a fluid-like consistency and a mosaic pattern of different components. The fluidity allows the molecules to move laterally within the membrane, while the mosaic nature indicates the presence of various types of molecules, such as lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates, that are embedded or attached to the membrane. This model helps to explain the dynamic and diverse nature of biological membranes.

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  • 12. 

    In the plasma membrane, _________ are involved in cell recognition and cell adhesion.

    Explanation
    Glycoproteins are involved in cell recognition and cell adhesion in the plasma membrane. These proteins have carbohydrate chains attached to them, which play a crucial role in cell-cell recognition and adhesion processes. The carbohydrate chains on glycoproteins can interact with other molecules on neighboring cells, allowing for specific recognition and adhesion between cells. This is important for various cellular processes such as immune response, tissue development, and maintenance of cell structure.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 02, 2011
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