Plant Cells, Animal Cells, And Mitosis

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| By Shahabyasin
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Shahabyasin
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Plant Cells, Animal Cells, And Mitosis - Quiz

A quiz on animal and plant cells as well as mitosis. Prepared by shahab yasin and cam sally


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A cell wall in a plant cell is...

    • A.

      The tough, rigid, and fairly flexible layer that surrounds a plant cell

    • B.

      The thin, soft, layer inside a plant cell

    • C.

      The invisible layer on the outside of a plant

    Correct Answer
    A. The tough, rigid, and fairly flexible layer that surrounds a plant cell
    Explanation
    The cell wall in a plant cell is a tough, rigid, and fairly flexible layer that surrounds the cell. It provides structural support and protection to the cell, helping it maintain its shape and resist mechanical stress. The cell wall is made up of cellulose, a complex carbohydrate that gives it its strength and rigidity. It also allows for the exchange of water, nutrients, and waste materials between adjacent cells.

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  • 2. 

    The cell membrane is...

    • A.

      A membrane protecting a bell

    • B.

      A biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment

    • C.

      A membrane that separates the cell into multiple pieces

    Correct Answer
    B. A biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment. It acts as a protective barrier, regulating the movement of substances in and out of the cell. This allows the cell to maintain its internal environment and carry out essential functions such as nutrient uptake and waste removal. The cell membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that play various roles in cell signaling, transport, and recognition.

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  • 3. 

    Ribosomes are...

    • A.

      The "ribs" or structure of a cell

    • B.

      The components of cells that make protein from all amino acids

    • C.

      Protect the cell from bacteria

    Correct Answer
    B. The components of cells that make protein from all amino acids
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are the components of cells that synthesize proteins by linking amino acids together in a specific order according to the instructions encoded in the cell's DNA. They are responsible for the process of protein synthesis, which is essential for the functioning and survival of cells. Ribosomes can be found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and they play a crucial role in gene expression and the production of proteins that perform various functions in the cell.

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  • 4. 

    A _____ contains most of the cells genetic material 

    • A.

      Membrane

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Nuclear

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus contains most of the cell's genetic material, including DNA and RNA. It is surrounded by a nuclear membrane, which separates it from the rest of the cell. The genetic material within the nucleus controls the cell's activities and is responsible for transmitting hereditary information.

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  • 5. 

    ____ conduct photosynthesis in a plant cell

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Golgi apparatus

    • C.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are responsible for conducting photosynthesis in plant cells. They contain chlorophyll, which absorbs sunlight and converts it into energy through the process of photosynthesis. This energy is then used to produce glucose and oxygen, which are essential for the survival of plants. The Golgi apparatus is involved in the processing and packaging of proteins, while vacuoles are responsible for storing water and nutrients. However, neither of these organelles are directly involved in the process of photosynthesis.

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  • 6. 

    ___ store food and waste

    • A.

      Vacuole

    • B.

      Jacuole

    • C.

      Cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Vacuole
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Vacuole. Vacuoles are membrane-bound organelles found in the cells of plants and some other organisms. They are responsible for storing various substances, including food and waste materials. Vacuoles play a crucial role in maintaining the cell's internal environment and regulating its osmotic balance. They can also help in the digestion of cellular waste and the breakdown of complex molecules.

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  • 7. 

    _______ membrane is the membrane that surrounds the nucleus 

    • A.

      Little

    • B.

      Nuclear

    • C.

      Superior

    Correct Answer
    B. Nuclear
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Nuclear." The nuclear membrane is the membrane that surrounds the nucleus. This membrane acts as a protective barrier for the nucleus, separating it from the rest of the cell and regulating the movement of molecules in and out of the nucleus. It is composed of two lipid bilayers and contains nuclear pores that allow for the exchange of materials between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Overall, the nuclear membrane plays a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and function of the nucleus.

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  • 8. 

    The _______ controls the cell and tells it what to do

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Membrane

    • C.

      Brain

    Correct Answer
    A. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus controls the cell and tells it what to do. It contains the cell's genetic material, including DNA, which carries the instructions for the cell's activities. The nucleus regulates the cell's functions by directing the synthesis of proteins and coordinating cell division. The membrane, on the other hand, acts as a protective barrier and regulates the movement of substances in and out of the cell. The brain is an organ found in animals and is responsible for coordinating and controlling various bodily functions, but it is not directly involved in controlling individual cells.

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  • 9. 

    A ______ ___________ lets good things in like nutrients and lets waste out

    • A.

      Nuclear membrane

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    • C.

      Screener

    Correct Answer
    A. Nuclear membrane
    Explanation
    The nuclear membrane is responsible for regulating the movement of substances in and out of the nucleus. It allows the passage of important molecules such as nutrients, proteins, and RNA into the nucleus, while also allowing waste materials to exit. This selective permeability ensures that only necessary substances enter the nucleus, while waste products are efficiently removed. The cell membrane, on the other hand, is responsible for controlling the movement of substances in and out of the entire cell, not specifically the nucleus. Therefore, the correct answer is the nuclear membrane.

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  • 10. 

    The ___ is responsible for manufacturing most of the membranes of the cell and it synthesizes proteins. 

    • A.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      Rough BR

    • C.

      EF

    Correct Answer
    A. Endoplasmic reticulum
    Explanation
    The endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for manufacturing most of the membranes of the cell and synthesizing proteins. This organelle is a network of tubules and sacs that are involved in the production, processing, and transport of proteins and lipids. It has two forms: rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), which is studded with ribosomes and involved in protein synthesis, and smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER), which lacks ribosomes and is involved in lipid metabolism and detoxification. Therefore, the endoplasmic reticulum is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 11. 

    _______ is when spindle fibers align the chromosomes along the middle of the cell nucleus.

    • A.

      Telophase

    • B.

      Metaphase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    Correct Answer
    B. Metaphase
    Explanation
    Metaphase is the correct answer because during metaphase, the spindle fibers attach to the centromeres of the chromosomes and align them along the equator of the cell nucleus. This alignment ensures that each daughter cell will receive the correct number of chromosomes during cell division. In telophase, the chromosomes have already separated and are moving towards opposite ends of the cell. In anaphase, the spindle fibers pull the sister chromatids apart towards opposite poles of the cell.

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  • 12. 

    _______ is when the paired chromosomes separate at the kinetochores and move to opposite sides of the cell. 

    • A.

      Telophase

    • B.

      Anaphase

    • C.

      Prophase

    Correct Answer
    B. Anaphase
    Explanation
    Anaphase is the correct answer because it is the stage of cell division where the paired chromosomes separate at the kinetochores and move to opposite sides of the cell. During anaphase, the kinetochores pull the sister chromatids apart and guide them towards opposite poles of the cell. This ensures that each new cell will receive a complete set of chromosomes. In contrast, telophase is the stage where the nuclear envelope reforms around the separated chromosomes, and prophase is the stage where the chromosomes condense and become visible.

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  • 13. 

    Chromatids arrive at opposite poles of cells and new membrane forms around the daughter nuclei in ______

    • A.

      Telophase

    • B.

      Metaphase

    • C.

      Prophase

    Correct Answer
    A. Telophase
    Explanation
    In telophase, the chromatids have successfully separated and are now at opposite poles of the cell. This is the final stage of mitosis, where the daughter nuclei start to form as a new membrane surrounds each set of chromatids. Therefore, telophase is the correct answer.

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  • 14. 

    ___________ is the process by which a eukaryotic cell separates the chromosomes in its cell nucleus into two identical sets in two nuclei.

    • A.

      Mitosis

    • B.

      Metaphase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitosis
    Explanation
    Mitosis is the correct answer because it is the process in which a eukaryotic cell divides its chromosomes into two identical sets in two nuclei. During mitosis, the chromosomes condense, align in the middle of the cell during metaphase, and then separate and move to opposite ends of the cell during anaphase. This results in the formation of two daughter cells with the same number and type of chromosomes as the parent cell.

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  • 15. 

    This is ...

    • A.

      Telophase

    • B.

      Metaphase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    Correct Answer
    B. Metaphase
    Explanation
    In metaphase, the chromosomes align themselves along the equatorial plane of the cell. This alignment ensures that each daughter cell will receive the correct number and type of chromosomes during cell division. The chromosomes are fully condensed and attached to the spindle fibers, ready for separation in the subsequent phase of cell division. Telophase is the final stage of cell division where the nuclear membrane reforms around the separated chromosomes. Anaphase is the phase where the sister chromatids are pulled apart towards opposite poles of the cell.

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  • 16. 

    This is...

    • A.

      Telaphase

    • B.

      Prophase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    Correct Answer
    C. Anaphase
    Explanation
    Anaphase is the correct answer because it is the stage of mitosis where the sister chromatids separate and move towards opposite poles of the cell. During anaphase, the microtubules of the mitotic spindle contract, pulling the chromatids apart and ensuring that each daughter cell receives a complete set of chromosomes. This is a crucial step in cell division and is followed by telophase, where the nuclear envelope reforms around the separated chromatids. Prophase is the initial stage of mitosis, while telophase is the final stage.

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  • 17. 

    This is...

    • A.

      Telophase

    • B.

      Metaphase

    • C.

      Anaphase

    Correct Answer
    A. Telophase
  • 18. 

    This is...

    • A.

      Metaphase

    • B.

      Anaphase

    • C.

      Prophase

    Correct Answer
    C. Prophase
  • 19. 

    This is...

    • A.

      Plant cell

    • B.

      Animal cell

    • C.

      Insect cell

    Correct Answer
    B. Animal cell
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Animal cell" because animal cells are eukaryotic cells that make up the tissues and organs of animals. They have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, and Golgi apparatus. Animal cells also lack a cell wall and chloroplasts, which are present in plant cells. Insect cells, on the other hand, are a type of animal cell specifically found in insects, but the given options do not specify any particular insect.

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  • 20. 

    This is...

    • A.

      Bacteria cell

    • B.

      Animal cell

    • C.

      Plant cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Plant cell
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Plant cell" because plant cells have specific features that distinguish them from animal cells and bacteria cells. Plant cells have a cell wall made of cellulose, which provides structural support and protection. They also have chloroplasts, which are responsible for photosynthesis and contain chlorophyll. Additionally, plant cells have large central vacuoles that store water and other substances. These unique characteristics are not present in animal cells or bacteria cells, making "Plant cell" the correct answer.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 08, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Shahabyasin
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