Through the chloroplasts
Through the mesophyll
Through the thylakoids
Through the stomata
Through the vascular system
The production of sugars
The release of O2 into the atmosphere
Green, which is why plants are green
The entire spectrum of white light
Blue-violet and red-orange
They gain electrons
They lose electrons
Their electrons become excited
Their protons become excited
ATP ... NADPH ... oxygen
NADPH ... ATP ... oxygen
Oxygen ... sugar ... ATP
CO2 ... the water-splitting photosystem
H2O ... the water-splitting photosystem
H2O ... NADPH-producing photosystem
NADPH ... NADH
NADP+ ... NADH
NADH ... NADPH
Use an H+ gradient to produce ATP
Obtain electrons from water
Reduce NAD+, forming NADP
In sugar molecules
In sugar molecules and in water
As molecular oxygen and in sugar molecules
The light reactions that occur in the thylakoids ... the incorporation of carbon dioxide
The reactions in the stomata ... the reactions in the thylakoid
The Calvin cycle ... the incorporation of carbon dioxide
Assemble sugar molecules by incorporating carbon
Convert light energy to chemical energy
It helps produce ATP from the light reactions.
It forms part of the water-splitting photosystem.
It forms NADPH to be used in the Calvin cycle.
It increases atmospheric carbon dioxide and thus increases the greenhouse
It reduces atmospheric carbon dioxide and thus reduces greenhouse warming.
It increases atmospheric carbon dioxide and thus reduces the greenhouse effect.