Pharmacy Technician Practice Test: Quiz

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Pharmacy Technician Practice Test: Quiz - Quiz


Prescribed drugs can be abused if not regulated, and this is why the pharmacy technician needs to be careful when confirming and filling prescriptions brought in by patients. To hold this position, you also need to have adequate knowledge of drugs and their effect on a patient. Do take up the quiz below and get to polish up on what you should know about drugs.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A combination of chemicals into more complex ones, creating a new chemical not found in nature?

    • A.

      Synthetic

    • B.

      Pharmaceutical

    • C.

      Herbal

    • D.

      Chemistry

    Correct Answer
    A. Synthetic
    Explanation
    The term "synthetic" refers to the process of combining different chemicals to create a new chemical compound that does not exist naturally. In this context, it is used to describe the creation of a new chemical compound by combining various chemicals. The other options, pharmaceutical, herbal, and chemistry, do not specifically refer to the process of creating new chemicals through combination.

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  • 2. 

    An authoritative listing of drugs and issues related to their use.

    • A.

      Pharmacognosy

    • B.

      Data

    • C.

      Panacea

    • D.

      Pharmacopeia

    Correct Answer
    D. Pharmacopeia
    Explanation
    A pharmacopeia is a comprehensive listing of drugs and information related to their use. It serves as an authoritative source for healthcare professionals, providing them with essential information about the composition, preparation, and quality control of medications. It helps ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs by providing standards and guidelines for their production and use. Pharmacopeias are regularly updated to include new drugs and reflect advancements in medical knowledge. Therefore, pharmacopeia is the correct answer as it aligns with the description provided.

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  • 3. 

    Of or about drugs: also, a drug product.

    • A.

      Meterial medica

    • B.

      Pharmaceutical

    • C.

      Pharmacology

    • D.

      Sythetic

    Correct Answer
    B. Pharmaceutical
    Explanation
    The term "pharmaceutical" refers to substances or products related to drugs. It is commonly used to describe medications or medicinal drugs that are used for therapeutic purposes. In this context, "pharmaceutical" can also refer to the science and industry involved in the development, production, and distribution of drugs. Therefore, "pharmaceutical" is the correct answer as it aligns with the given definition of being "of or about drugs."

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  • 4. 

    A cure-all

    • A.

      Panacea

    • B.

      Antibiotic

    • C.

      Hormones

    • D.

      Vaccine

    Correct Answer
    A. Panacea
    Explanation
    A panacea refers to a solution or remedy that is believed to cure all problems or illnesses. It is often used figuratively to describe something that is considered to be a universal remedy or solution for any situation. In this context, panacea is the correct answer because it aligns with the definition of a cure-all, while the other options (antibiotic, hormones, vaccine) are more specific and do not encompass the idea of a universal remedy.

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  • 5. 

    The study of drug properties uses applications and effects.

    • A.

      Pharmacology

    • B.

      Pharmacopeia

    • C.

      Materia medica

    • D.

      Medical dictionary

    Correct Answer
    A. Pharmacology
    Explanation
    Pharmacology is the study of drug properties, including their applications and effects. It involves understanding how drugs interact with biological systems and how they can be used to treat diseases. Pharmacology is a broad field that encompasses various aspects of drug development, drug administration, and drug action. It is an essential discipline in healthcare and plays a crucial role in the discovery and development of new drugs, as well as in the safe and effective use of existing medications.

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  • 6. 

    Generally pharmacology, but also refers to the drugs in use.

    • A.

      Pharmacopeia

    • B.

      Materia medica

    • C.

      Pharmacognosy

    • D.

      Trial studies

    Correct Answer
    B. Materia medica
    Explanation
    Materia medica is the correct answer because it refers to the branch of medicine that deals with the study of drugs and their properties, uses, and effects. It encompasses the knowledge and information about various substances used in medicine, including their sources, preparation, and administration. Pharmacology, on the other hand, specifically focuses on the study of how drugs interact with the body and their effects. Pharmacopeia refers to a collection of drug standards and specifications, while pharmacognosy deals with the study of medicinal plants and natural sources of drugs. Trial studies are not directly related to the study of drugs or their properties.

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  • 7. 

    A substance that acts against a toxin in the body.

    • A.

      Antibiotic

    • B.

      Antiviral

    • C.

      Antitoxin

    • D.

      Chemotherapy

    Correct Answer
    C. Antitoxin
    Explanation
    An antitoxin is a substance that works against toxins in the body. It neutralizes or counteracts the effects of toxins, preventing them from causing harm. Unlike antibiotics, which are used to treat bacterial infections, antitoxins specifically target toxins. Antiviral drugs are used to treat viral infections, while chemotherapy is a treatment for cancer.

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  • 8. 

    A substance that harms or kills microorganisms like bacteria and fungi.

    • A.

      Antibiotic

    • B.

      Antiviral

    • C.

      Antichrist

    • D.

      Antitoxin

    Correct Answer
    A. Antibiotic
    Explanation
    An antibiotic is a substance that harms or kills microorganisms like bacteria and fungi. It is commonly used to treat bacterial infections in humans and animals. Antibiotics work by targeting specific components or processes in the microorganisms, inhibiting their growth or killing them altogether. They are not effective against viruses, which require antiviral medications for treatment. Antichrist is a term used in religious contexts, referring to a figure who opposes Christ, while an antitoxin is a substance that neutralizes toxins produced by bacteria or other organisms.

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  • 9. 

    Chemicals produced by the body that regulate body functions and processes.

    • A.

      Sweat

    • B.

      Hormones

    • C.

      Adrenalin

    • D.

      Sperm

    Correct Answer
    B. Hormones
    Explanation
    Hormones are chemicals produced by the body that regulate various body functions and processes. They act as messengers, traveling through the bloodstream to target cells or organs, where they bind to specific receptors and trigger specific responses. Hormones play a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis, controlling growth and development, regulating metabolism, influencing mood and emotions, and coordinating the reproductive system. Sweat, adrenalin, and sperm are not hormones, although adrenalin is a hormone-like substance produced by the adrenal glands.

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  • 10. 

    The complete set of genetic material contained in a human cell.

    • A.

      Data

    • B.

      Human nature

    • C.

      Human genome

    • D.

      Blood

    Correct Answer
    C. Human genome
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "human genome". The human genome refers to the complete set of genetic material contained in a human cell. It includes all the DNA sequences that make up the genes and other non-coding regions. The human genome contains all the information necessary for the development and functioning of a human being.

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  • 11. 

    The study of physical, chemical, biochemical, and biological properties of drugs as well as the search for new drugs from natural sources.

    • A.

      Pharmacology

    • B.

      Data

    • C.

      Pharmacognosy

    • D.

      Materia medica

    Correct Answer
    C. Pharmacognosy
    Explanation
    Pharmacognosy is the study of the physical, chemical, biochemical, and biological properties of drugs derived from natural sources. It involves the identification, isolation, and analysis of active compounds present in plants, animals, and other natural substances. This field focuses on understanding the medicinal properties of these natural sources and their potential use in developing new drugs. Unlike pharmacology, which encompasses the study of all drugs, pharmacognosy specifically deals with natural products and their therapeutic applications.

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  • 12. 

    Information that is entered into and stored in a computer system.

    • A.

      Tweets

    • B.

      Facebook user name and login

    • C.

      Personal emails

    • D.

      Data

    Correct Answer
    D. Data
    Explanation
    Data refers to information that is entered into and stored in a computer system. In this context, tweets, Facebook user names and logins, and personal emails can all be considered as examples of data. Data can be processed, analyzed, and used for various purposes, such as generating insights, making decisions, or facilitating communication. Therefore, the given answer is correct as it accurately identifies the common thread among the mentioned examples - they all represent data that is stored and processed in a computer system.

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  • 13. 

    The first physician known by name was

    • A.

      Prometheus

    • B.

      Hippocrates

    • C.

      Imhotep

    • D.

      Aesculapius

    Correct Answer
    C. Imhotep
    Explanation
    Imhotep is considered the first physician known by name because he lived in ancient Egypt around 2600 BCE and served as the chief architect, high priest, and physician to Pharaoh Djoser. He was renowned for his medical knowledge and is credited with developing new surgical techniques, diagnosing and treating various diseases, and even being deified as a god of healing after his death. Imhotep's medical expertise and contributions to the field make him the most fitting answer among the given options.

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  • 14. 

    Hippocrates approach to medicine was based on

    • A.

      Superstition

    • B.

      Careful observation

    • C.

      Astrology

    • D.

      Animal behavior

    Correct Answer
    B. Careful observation
    Explanation
    Hippocrates approach to medicine was based on careful observation. This means that he relied on observing the symptoms and behaviors of patients in order to diagnose and treat their illnesses. Instead of relying on superstition, astrology, or animal behavior, Hippocrates believed in using empirical evidence and logical reasoning to understand the human body and its ailments. By carefully observing patients and their symptoms, he was able to develop a more scientific approach to medicine, which laid the foundation for modern medical practices.

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  • 15. 

    The ancient Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs was

    • A.

      Pandora

    • B.

      Panacea

    • C.

      Hippocrates

    • D.

      Euphrates

    Correct Answer
    B. Panacea
    Explanation
    Panacea is the correct answer because she was the ancient Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs. In Greek mythology, Panacea was believed to have the power to heal all diseases and cure all ailments. She was considered the personification of remedies and was often invoked by physicians and healers for assistance in their medical practices. Therefore, Panacea is the most appropriate choice for the ancient Greek goddess of Medicinal Herbs.

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  • 16. 

    Derived from the bark of the Peruvian tree "JESUIT'S powder" used along with preventive measures, helps keep this disease under control.

    • A.

      Smallpox

    • B.

      Malaria

    • C.

      Polio

    • D.

      Tuberculosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Malaria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is malaria. Malaria is a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. The bark of the Peruvian tree, also known as "JESUIT'S powder," contains quinine, which is an effective treatment for malaria. When used along with preventive measures such as mosquito nets and insect repellent, it helps keep the disease under control.

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  • 17. 

    Aspirin is made from salicylic acid from the bark of the _____________   tree?

    • A.

      Willow

    • B.

      Cinchona

    • C.

      Tea

    • D.

      Fig

    Correct Answer
    A. Willow
    Explanation
    Aspirin is made from salicylic acid, which is derived from the bark of the willow tree. The bark of the willow tree contains a compound called salicin, which is converted to salicylic acid. Salicylic acid is then used as a key ingredient in the synthesis of aspirin. Therefore, the correct answer is willow.

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  • 18. 

    What was the first effective local anesthetic?

    • A.

      Quinine

    • B.

      Cocaine

    • C.

      Heroin

    • D.

      Morphine

    Correct Answer
    B. Cocaine
    Explanation
    Cocaine was the first effective local anesthetic. It was discovered in the late 19th century and was widely used for its numbing properties. Its ability to block nerve signals made it a valuable tool for surgeries and dental procedures. However, due to its addictive nature and harmful side effects, cocaine was eventually replaced by safer alternatives.

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  • 19. 

    Around 3,000 BC who established about 365 herbs that could be used as health treatments by trial and error?

    • A.

      Imhotep

    • B.

      Hippocrates

    • C.

      Aesculapius

    • D.

      Chinese Emperor Shen Nung

    Correct Answer
    D. Chinese Emperor Shen Nung
    Explanation
    Chinese Emperor Shen Nung is believed to have established about 365 herbs that could be used as health treatments through trial and error around 3,000 BC. This suggests that the Chinese Emperor was actively involved in experimenting with different herbs to discover their medicinal properties. This knowledge and understanding of herbs for health treatments have been passed down through generations and have become an integral part of traditional Chinese medicine.

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  • 20. 

    The __________ from __________ is an 1100 page scroll document containg about 800 prescriptions using 700 drugs mostly derived from plants.

    • A.

      Pharmacopeia, 2005

    • B.

      Herbal, 200 B.C.

    • C.

      Papyrus Ebers, 1500 B.C.

    • D.

      De Materia Medica, 77 B. C.

    Correct Answer
    C. Papyrus Ebers, 1500 B.C.
  • 21. 

    The first great book of Indian Medicine describing over 500 herbal drugs that had been used for centuries was written in

    • A.

      500 B.C.

    • B.

      5000 A.D

    • C.

      100 A.D

    • D.

      1000 A.D.

    Correct Answer
    C. 100 A.D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 100 A.D. This is because the question is asking about the first great book of Indian Medicine, which described over 500 herbal drugs. The book was written in 100 A.D., making it a significant milestone in the history of Indian medicine.

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  • 22. 

    The Persian Rhazes who wrote one of the most popular textbooks of medicine in the middle ages was a man of science and?

    • A.

      An alchemist

    • B.

      A sorcerer

    • C.

      A politician

    • D.

      Of god

    Correct Answer
    D. Of god
    Explanation
    The Persian Rhazes, who wrote one of the most popular textbooks of medicine in the middle ages, was a man of science and believed in the power of God. He recognized the importance of both scientific knowledge and spirituality in understanding and treating illnesses. Rhazes likely saw his work in medicine as a way to honor and serve God, using his scientific knowledge to improve the health and well-being of others. He may have viewed his medical discoveries and advancements as a way to better understand and appreciate the divine creation of the human body.

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  • 23. 

    ________ was a(n) ________ physician who wrote a five volume encyclopedia in ______, one of which was devoted to natural medicines and another compunding drugs from individual medications.

    • A.

      Li Shi Zen, Chinese, 1580 AD

    • B.

      Zabdiel Boylston, colonial, 1721 AD

    • C.

      William Withering, British, 1785 AD

    • D.

      Avicenna, Islamic, 1000 AD

    Correct Answer
    D. Avicenna, Islamic, 1000 AD
    Explanation
    Avicenna was an Islamic physician who wrote a five-volume encyclopedia in 1000 AD, one of which was devoted to natural medicines and another compounding drugs from individual medications.

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  • 24. 

    An authoritative listing of drugs and issues related to their use is a(an) ____________.

    • A.

      Pharmaceutical

    • B.

      Pharmacology

    • C.

      Pharmacopeia

    • D.

      Panacea

    Correct Answer
    C. Pharmacopeia
    Explanation
    A pharmacopeia is an authoritative listing of drugs and issues related to their use. It provides information on the composition, preparation, dosage, and standards for quality control of drugs. It serves as a reference for healthcare professionals, researchers, and regulatory agencies to ensure the safe and effective use of medications.

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  • 25. 

    _______________ showed that heat can be used to kill microorganisms associated with food spoilage.

    • A.

      Pasteur

    • B.

      Banting and Best

    • C.

      Watson and Crick

    • D.

      Fleming

    Correct Answer
    A. Pasteur
    Explanation
    Pasteur showed that heat can be used to kill microorganisms associated with food spoilage. This refers to Louis Pasteur, a French scientist who conducted experiments in the 19th century to demonstrate the process of pasteurization. He showed that by heating food or beverages to a certain temperature, harmful microorganisms could be destroyed, thus preventing spoilage and extending the shelf life of these products. Pasteur's work revolutionized the food and beverage industry and laid the foundation for modern food safety practices.

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  • 26. 

    Which substances produced by the body to regulate body functions and processes?

    • A.

      Hormones

    • B.

      Antitoxins

    • C.

      Antibiotics

    • D.

      Genomes

    Correct Answer
    A. Hormones
    Explanation
    Hormones are substances produced by the body to regulate various body functions and processes. They act as chemical messengers, traveling through the bloodstream and affecting target cells or organs. Hormones play a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis, controlling growth and development, regulating metabolism, and influencing mood and behavior. They are produced by various glands in the body, such as the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, and adrenal glands. Antitoxins, antibiotics, and genomes do not serve the same purpose as hormones and are not involved in regulating body functions.

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  • 27. 

    Who Identified the structure of DNA?

    • A.

      Watson and Crick

    • B.

      Banting and best

    • C.

      Serturner

    • D.

      Koller

    Correct Answer
    A. Watson and Crick
    Explanation
    Watson and Crick are credited with identifying the structure of DNA. In 1953, they proposed the double helix model of DNA, which showed how the molecule is structured and how it carries genetic information. Their discovery was based on the work of other scientists, including Rosalind Franklin, who produced X-ray images of DNA. Watson and Crick's model revolutionized the field of genetics and laid the foundation for further research in molecular biology.

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  • 28. 

    The pharmaceutical manufacturing industry devotes about ______ of its income to research and development.

    • A.

      1/10

    • B.

      1/6

    • C.

      1/3

    • D.

      1/2

    Correct Answer
    B. 1/6
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1/6. This means that the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry allocates approximately one-sixth of its income towards research and development. This indicates that a significant portion of their financial resources is dedicated to advancing scientific knowledge and developing new medications and treatments. This investment in research and development is crucial for the industry to innovate and bring new drugs to market, ultimately benefiting patients and improving healthcare outcomes.

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  • 29. 

    Who protects against illegal copying of new discoveries?

    • A.

      Generics

    • B.

      Brand names

    • C.

      Patenting

    • D.

      The FDA

    Correct Answer
    C. Patenting
    Explanation
    Patenting is the correct answer because it provides legal protection against the illegal copying of new discoveries. When a discovery or invention is patented, the patent holder is granted exclusive rights to make, use, and sell the invention for a limited period of time. This prevents others from copying or using the invention without permission, allowing the inventor to benefit from their creation and encouraging innovation. Generics and brand names are not directly related to protecting against illegal copying, and the FDA is primarily responsible for regulating and ensuring the safety and effectiveness of drugs and medical devices.

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  • 30. 

    The FDA is required to

    • A.

      Ensure that a drug is safe and effective for its inteded use

    • B.

      To monitor a drug after it's marketed to ensure it works as intended

    • C.

      To monitor a drug for any adverse effects

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The FDA is responsible for ensuring that a drug is safe and effective for its intended use. This involves conducting rigorous testing and evaluation before approving a drug for marketing. Additionally, the FDA monitors drugs after they are on the market to ensure that they continue to work as intended and to identify any potential adverse effects. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as the FDA is required to perform all these tasks to ensure the safety and effectiveness of drugs.

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  • 31. 

    The length of time from the beginning of the development of a new drug to FDA approval is often more than _____ years?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      20

    Correct Answer
    C. 10
    Explanation
    The length of time from the beginning of the development of a new drug to FDA approval is often more than 10 years. Drug development involves various stages such as preclinical testing, clinical trials, and regulatory processes, which can be time-consuming. These stages require extensive research, testing, and evaluation to ensure the safety and efficacy of the drug. Additionally, the FDA approval process involves rigorous review and assessment of data, which further adds to the timeline. Therefore, it is not uncommon for the entire process to take more than a decade.

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  • 32. 

    In most cases the individual who dispenses the prescribed medication to the patient is the?

    • A.

      Prescribing physician

    • B.

      Nurse

    • C.

      Medical office assistant

    • D.

      Pharmacist

    Correct Answer
    D. Pharmacist
    Explanation
    The pharmacist is the individual who dispenses the prescribed medication to the patient. They are responsible for ensuring that the correct medication is given in the correct dosage and providing any necessary instructions on how to take the medication. The prescribing physician may write the prescription, but it is the pharmacist who actually hands over the medication to the patient. Nurses and medical office assistants may assist in the process, but the pharmacist has the final responsibility for dispensing the medication.

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  • 33. 

    The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) requires that pharmacist provide

    • A.

      Counseling services to all patients

    • B.

      Mail order medication to Medicaid patients

    • C.

      Counseling Services to Medicaid patients

    • D.

      HMO coverage to all patients

    Correct Answer
    C. Counseling Services to Medicaid patients
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Counseling Services to Medicaid patients. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) mandates that pharmacists must provide counseling services to Medicaid patients. This ensures that patients receiving Medicaid benefits have access to the necessary information and guidance regarding their medications, including dosage instructions, potential side effects, and any other relevant information. This requirement aims to improve patient safety and ensure that Medicaid recipients receive appropriate and comprehensive pharmaceutical care.

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  • 34. 

    To become a pharmacist in the United States:

    • A.

      An individual must graduate from an accredited college of pharmacy, pass a state licensing exam, and perform experiential training working under a licensed pharmacist

    • B.

      An individual must graduate from a non-accredited college of pharmacy and pass a state licensing exam

    • C.

      No internship experience is required unless the pharmacist intends to practice in community pharmacy

    • D.

      An individual must graduate from an accredited college of pharmacy and perform an internship working under a licensed pharmacist however no examination is required.

    Correct Answer
    A. An individual must graduate from an accredited college of pharmacy, pass a state licensing exam, and perform experiential training working under a licensed pharmacist
    Explanation
    To become a pharmacist in the United States, it is necessary for an individual to graduate from an accredited college of pharmacy. This ensures that they have received the necessary education and training in the field. Additionally, passing a state licensing exam is required to demonstrate their knowledge and competency. Lastly, experiential training working under a licensed pharmacist is also necessary to gain practical experience in the field. This combination of education, licensing, and practical training ensures that pharmacists are well-prepared to provide safe and effective healthcare services.

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  • 35. 

    The area of greatest employment of pharmacist is

    • A.

      Hospitals

    • B.

      Mail order operations

    • C.

      Community pharmacies

    • D.

      Managed care

    Correct Answer
    C. Community pharmacies
    Explanation
    Community pharmacies are the area of greatest employment for pharmacists because these establishments are the most accessible and widely available to the general public. Community pharmacies provide a range of services, including dispensing medications, counseling patients on proper medication use, and providing health screenings. Pharmacists in community pharmacies play a crucial role in ensuring the safe and effective use of medications, and their expertise is in high demand in these settings.

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  • 36. 

    The pharmacy technician may find the greatest employment opportunities in

    • A.

      The hospital setting

    • B.

      The community setting

    • C.

      Home health care

    • D.

      Mail order operations

    Correct Answer
    B. The community setting
    Explanation
    The community setting is likely to provide the greatest employment opportunities for pharmacy technicians. In the community setting, pharmacy technicians can work in retail pharmacies, independent pharmacies, or chain pharmacies, which are often found in local communities. These pharmacies serve a wide range of patients and are typically busier than other settings. This high demand for pharmaceutical services in the community setting creates more job opportunities for pharmacy technicians compared to other settings such as hospitals, home health care, or mail order operations.

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  • 37. 

    In managed care, care is managed by a(an)

    • A.

      Patient

    • B.

      Physician

    • C.

      Pharmacist

    • D.

      Insurer

    Correct Answer
    D. Insurer
    Explanation
    In managed care, care is managed by an insurer. Insurers play a crucial role in managed care systems by overseeing and coordinating the healthcare services provided to patients. They negotiate contracts with healthcare providers, establish networks of healthcare professionals and facilities, and determine the coverage and reimbursement policies. Insurers also work closely with patients to ensure they receive appropriate and cost-effective care, often through utilization management programs and pre-authorization processes. By managing the financial aspects and coordinating care, insurers help promote efficient and quality healthcare delivery within managed care systems.

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  • 38. 

    Lists of drugs approved for use by managed care organizations are called

    • A.

      OBRA

    • B.

      MAIL ORDER OPERATIONS

    • C.

      HMO'S

    • D.

      FORMULARIES

    Correct Answer
    D. FORMULARIES
    Explanation
    Formularies are lists of drugs that are approved for use by managed care organizations. These lists help manage the cost and quality of medications provided to patients. By having a formulary, managed care organizations can ensure that the drugs prescribed are safe, effective, and cost-efficient. Formularies often categorize drugs into different tiers, with lower-tier drugs having lower copayments or cost-sharing for patients. This helps guide healthcare providers in making informed decisions when prescribing medications and allows for better management of healthcare resources.

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  • 39. 

    Information that is entered and stored into a computer, such as a patient's name, is called?

    • A.

      Product

    • B.

      Inventory

    • C.

      Data

    • D.

      Billing

    Correct Answer
    C. Data
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "data" because data refers to the information that is entered and stored into a computer. It can include various types of information, such as a patient's name, address, medical history, and other relevant details. Data is essential for computer systems to perform various tasks and processes, including generating reports, analyzing trends, and making informed decisions. Therefore, in this context, data is the most appropriate term to describe the entered and stored information in a computer system.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 18, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Lcriss
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