Pharmacology - Vitamins

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 652

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Vitamin Quizzes & Trivia

I don't know how much of this information is correct. . . But it's in our notes. . . So. . . .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which vitamin is mainly involved in carbohydrate metabolism?
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Thiamine

    • C. 

      Nicotinic Acid

    • D. 

      Pyridoxine

  • 2. 
    Pellagra is a vitamin deficiency disease called by a lack of ________.  Symptoms of this disease include diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia.
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Thiamine

    • C. 

      Nicotinic Acid

    • D. 

      Pyridoxine

  • 3. 
    The major symptoms of thiamine deficiency are related to the nervous system, such as sensory disturbances.  Also a loss of muscle strength, personality disturbances (depression), poor memory, and heart problems may occur.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The first sign of this a deficiency in this vitamin is a sore throat; later signs include dermatitis.  It is found in cow's milk, cheese, whole grains, green vegetables, eggs, and organ meats. 
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Thiamine

    • C. 

      Nicotinic Acid

    • D. 

      Pyridoxine

  • 5. 
    A deficiency in vitamin B12 can lead to vitamin B9 deficiency.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    This vitamin is found in green leafy vegetables, nuts, yeast products, and liver.
    • A. 

      Vitamin D

    • B. 

      Vitamin B12

    • C. 

      Folic Acid

    • D. 

      Nicotinic Acid

  • 7. 
    Beriberi is a nervous system ailment caused by a ______ deficiency.  In Asia, where polished white rice was the common staple food of the middle class, beriberi resulting from lack of __________ was endemic.  Sensory disturbances, loss of muscle strength, heart problems, poor memory, and depression are symptoms of this deficiency.
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Thiamine

    • C. 

      Nicotinic Acid

    • D. 

      Vitamin B12

    • E. 

      Folic Acid

  • 8. 
    Riboflavin is found in high concentrations in breast milk.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Riboflavin functions as one of two co-enzymes: FMN and ____.  (three letters)
  • 10. 
    Nicotinic acid functions in the body (after conversion) to either NAD or ____. Nicotinic acid functions in the body (after conversion) to either NAD or _____. The NAD and _____ function as coenzymes and as oxidants by accepting electrons and hydrogen from substrates and thus becoming reduced.  Essential for tissue respiration.
  • 11. 
    A deficiency in nicotinic acid is referred to as ______.
    • A. 

      Beriberi

    • B. 

      Pernicious anemia

    • C. 

      Pellagra

    • D. 

      Rickets

  • 12. 
    Pyridoxine is involved in the metabolic transformation of amino acids.  Symptoms of deficiency include skin lesions and seizures.  A substantial loss of this vitamin occurs during cooking.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    ________ functions as one of two coenzymes, FAD or FMN.  The first sign of deficiency includes a sore throat.  A later sign of deficiency includes dermatitis.
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Thiamine

    • C. 

      Nicotinic Acid

  • 14. 
    Vitamin B__ contains cobalt.  (it's a number)
  • 15. 
    This vitamin is involved in the normal function of every cell in the body, including DNA synthesis and regulation.  A deficiency in this disease can cause serious and irreversible damage, especially to the brain and nervous system.
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Thiamine

    • C. 

      Vitamin B12

    • D. 

      Pyridoxine (B9)

    • E. 

      Vitamin K

  • 16. 
    Pantothenic acid is complexed to beta-alanine.  This derivative is incorporated in coenzyme A.  Neuromuscular degeneration and adrenocortical insuffiency are symptoms of a deficiency in pantothenic acid.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Biotin is stable to cooking.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Symptoms of scurvy include:  (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Gingivitis

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Losing of teeth

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is true regarding vitamin C?  (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Deficiency is known as rickets

    • B. 

      Important in hormone processing

    • C. 

      Important in synthesis of collagen

    • D. 

      Antioxidant

    • E. 

      Helps absorb iron

    • F. 

      A symptom of deficiency includes wound healing failure

    • G. 

      A symptom of deficiency is dermatitis

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is true regarding Vitamin A?  (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Has an essential role in the function of the retina

    • B. 

      Is a water soluble vitamin

    • C. 

      A symptom of deficiency is night blindness

    • D. 

      A symptom of deficiency is a compromised immune system leading to more infections

  • 21. 
    Vitamin _ is also known as alpha tocopherol.  (hint: it's a letter)
  • 22. 
    Vitamin C and E are antioxidants.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    This vitamin is found in meat and dairy products.  If a patient is deficient in this vitamin, fat is stored in muscle. 
    • A. 

      Riboflavin

    • B. 

      Choline

    • C. 

      Vitamin E

    • D. 

      Carnitine

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is true regarding Vitamin E?  (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      It is present in seeds, including wheat-germ oil

    • B. 

      Antioxidant

    • C. 

      Water soluble vitamin

    • D. 

      The most active of the tocopherols

    • E. 

      It has been advocated for many diseases including CAD, muscular dystrophy, habitual abortion, and schizophrenia

    • F. 

      Regulates calcium metabolism

  • 25. 
    The active forms of vitamin D are ergocalciferol (D2) and cholecalciferol (D3), both of which arise in the body from ingested precursors by exposure of the skin to ultraviolet light.  Vitamin D primarily regulates calcium metabolism by determining the movement of calcium from the intestines to the blood and from the blood to the bone.  It interacts with PTH and ________ in controlling calcium levels. 
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