Personal Finance Investment Quiz

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| By Sehyong
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 574
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 306

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Personal Finance Quizzes & Trivia

This will test you to see if you know the key terms in finance. You need a 85% or higher to pass!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A company's first sale of stock to the public

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "initial public offering." An initial public offering (IPO) refers to the first sale of a company's stock to the public. It is a significant event for a company as it allows them to raise capital by offering ownership shares to investors. During an IPO, the company transitions from being privately held to becoming a publicly traded entity. This process involves extensive regulatory requirements and usually attracts a lot of attention from investors, as it provides an opportunity to invest in a company at its early stages of growth.

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  • 2. 

    A broad group of similar industries

    Explanation
    The term "sector" refers to a broad group of similar industries. It is used to categorize and classify different areas of the economy based on their similarities and characteristics. Sectors can include industries such as technology, healthcare, finance, and manufacturing, among others. By grouping similar industries together, it becomes easier to analyze and understand trends, performance, and economic indicators within a specific sector.

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  • 3. 

    A prolonged period of rising stock prices

    Explanation
    A bull market refers to a prolonged period of rising stock prices. During this time, investor confidence is high, leading to increased buying activity and overall market optimism. Bull markets are typically characterized by strong economic growth, low unemployment rates, and positive investor sentiment. This positive trend encourages more investors to enter the market, driving stock prices even higher. It is a favorable market condition for investors, as it provides opportunities for capital appreciation and potentially higher returns on investments.

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  • 4. 

    A request to buy or sell stock at a set price

    Explanation
    A limit order is a type of request made by an investor to buy or sell a stock at a specific price or better. It sets a maximum price for a buy order or a minimum price for a sell order. The order will only be executed if the market price reaches or surpasses the set limit. This allows the investor to have more control over the price at which they are willing to trade, ensuring that they do not pay more or receive less than their desired price.

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  • 5. 

    A designation given to 100 shares of stock

    Explanation
    A round lot refers to a specific quantity of shares, usually 100 shares, that are traded together as a single unit. This designation is commonly used in the stock market to facilitate trading and ensure fairness. It allows for efficient buying and selling of stocks in standardized quantities. By trading in round lots, investors can easily calculate the total cost or profit of their transactions.

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  • 6. 

    A designation given to fewer than 100 shares of stock that are bought or sold

    Explanation
    An odd lot refers to a designation given to a small number of shares of stock that are bought or sold. It typically refers to fewer than 100 shares. This term is used to distinguish these smaller transactions from larger, more standard transactions. Odd lots are often considered less desirable because they may have higher transaction costs and may be more difficult to sell.

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  • 7. 

    Replacing each share of stock with a larger number of lower-priced shares but usually have a guaranteed dividend

    Explanation
    Preferred stock is a type of stock that involves replacing each share of stock with a larger number of lower-priced shares. This means that instead of owning a single share at a higher price, investors receive multiple shares at a lower price. Additionally, preferred stock typically comes with a guaranteed dividend, meaning that shareholders are assured of receiving a fixed amount of dividend payments.

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  • 8. 

    A market in which new issues of securities are sold to investors

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "primary market." In a primary market, new issues of securities are sold directly to investors. This is where companies or governments raise capital by issuing new stocks, bonds, or other financial instruments. In this market, the securities are sold for the first time, and the proceeds from the sales go to the issuer. It is different from the secondary market, where existing securities are bought and sold among investors.

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  • 9. 

    A network of dealers who buy and sell stocks that are not listed on an exchange

    Explanation
    OTC stands for Over-the-Counter, which refers to a decentralized market where stocks that are not listed on a formal exchange are traded. Instead of being traded on a centralized exchange, these stocks are bought and sold directly between parties through a network of dealers. This allows for more flexibility and less regulation compared to trading on a formal exchange. OTC trading is commonly used for smaller companies or for specific types of securities that may not meet the listing requirements of a formal exchange.

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  • 10. 

    A long term plan of kepping stock for several years to receive dividends and make capital gains

    Explanation
    The term "buy and hold" refers to a long-term investment strategy where an investor purchases stocks or other assets and holds onto them for an extended period, typically several years. This strategy aims to receive dividends from the stocks and make capital gains over time. By holding onto the investments, the investor avoids frequent buying and selling, which can incur transaction costs and potentially lead to missed opportunities. Instead, they rely on the long-term growth potential of the assets and the benefits of compounding returns.

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  • 11. 

    Replacing each share of stock with a larger number of lower-priced shares but keeping the total value of one's investment unchanged.

    Explanation
    A stock split is a process where a company increases the number of its outstanding shares by dividing each existing share into multiple lower-priced shares. This is done to make the stock more affordable and increase its liquidity. The total value of one's investment remains the same because although the number of shares increases, the price per share decreases proportionally. This allows more investors to participate in the stock and can potentially increase the stock's trading volume.

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  • 12. 

    A market in which securities are bought from other investors

    Explanation
    The correct answer is secondary market. A secondary market is a financial market where investors can buy and sell previously issued securities, such as stocks, bonds, and derivatives, from other investors. It provides liquidity to investors by allowing them to easily trade their securities without having to go back to the original issuer. This market is crucial for the functioning of the overall financial system as it facilitates price discovery and efficient allocation of capital.

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  • 13. 

    Supervision as in the government watching over the investment industry to protect investors from unlawful actions

    Explanation
    Market oversight refers to the regulatory supervision and monitoring of the investment industry by the government. This oversight is aimed at protecting investors from any illegal or unethical actions that may occur within the market. It involves the implementation and enforcement of rules, regulations, and laws to ensure fair and transparent practices, maintain market integrity, and safeguard the interests of investors. Market oversight plays a crucial role in maintaining the stability and trustworthiness of the investment industry.

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  • 14. 

    Reducing risk by spreading your assets among several differnet kinds of investments

    Explanation
    Diversification refers to the practice of reducing risk by spreading investments across different types of assets. By diversifying, investors can minimize the impact of any single investment's performance on their overall portfolio. This strategy aims to capture the potential gains from different sectors or asset classes while mitigating the potential losses. Diversification can help protect against market volatility and unexpected events, as different investments tend to react differently to various market conditions.

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  • 15. 

    A large, stable company with a track record of quality for consumers and proftablity for investors

    Explanation
    A blue chip refers to a large, stable company that has a proven track record of providing high-quality products or services to consumers and generating consistent profits for its investors. These companies are typically well-established and have a strong reputation in the market. The term "blue chip" is often used to describe companies that are considered to be reliable and safe investment options due to their stability and potential for long-term growth.

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  • 16. 

    A charge that brokers earn by completing trades for investors

    Explanation
    Commission is the fee that brokers earn for their services in executing trades on behalf of investors. It is a form of compensation that brokers receive for facilitating the buying and selling of securities. This fee is typically a percentage of the total value of the trade or a fixed amount per transaction. Brokers rely on commissions as a source of income for their services and expertise in the financial markets.

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  • 17. 

    The total number of shares a company has sold to the public and are now held by investors

    Explanation
    Outstanding shares refer to the total number of shares that a company has sold to the public and are currently held by investors. These shares are not repurchased by the company and are therefore available for trading on the stock market. The term "outstanding" indicates that these shares are actively held by shareholders and are not part of the company's treasury stock. The number of outstanding shares is important for investors as it affects the ownership stake and voting rights in the company.

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  • 18. 

    The nation's oldest stock market and lists most of the "Blue Chip" companies

    Explanation
    The NYSE, or New York Stock Exchange, is the nation's oldest stock market and is known for listing most of the "Blue Chip" companies. Blue Chip companies are well-established, financially stable, and have a history of reliable performance. Being listed on the NYSE is prestigious and signifies a company's strong reputation and credibility. As the oldest stock exchange in the country, the NYSE has a long history and is considered a symbol of the American financial market.

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  • 19. 

    The most recent trading price of a stock on a particular day

    Explanation
    The term "last trade" refers to the most recent trading price of a stock on a specific day. It represents the price at which the stock was last bought or sold in the market. This information is important for investors and traders as it provides an indication of the stock's current value and can help in making informed decisions regarding buying or selling the stock.

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  • 20. 

    A prolonged period of falling stock prices

    Explanation
    A bear market refers to a prolonged period of falling stock prices. During this time, investor sentiment is generally negative, leading to a decrease in buying activity and an increase in selling activity. This results in a downward trend in the overall market, with stock prices declining over an extended period. A bear market is typically characterized by economic recession, high unemployment rates, and low consumer confidence. Investors often adopt a cautious approach during a bear market, as they anticipate further declines in stock prices.

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  • 21. 

    SEC stands for

    Explanation
    SEC stands for Securities Exchange Commission. The Securities Exchange Commission is a regulatory body in the United States that is responsible for enforcing federal securities laws and regulating the securities industry. Its main goal is to protect investors, maintain fair and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation. The SEC oversees the registration of securities, monitors corporate disclosures, investigates and prosecutes securities fraud, and provides investors with information to make informed investment decisions.

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  • 22. 

    Companies in this sector have two or more unrelated businesses in different industries This called a

    Explanation
    A conglomerate refers to a company that operates in multiple unrelated industries. This means that the company has two or more businesses that are not related to each other. These businesses can be in completely different sectors or industries. Conglomerates often diversify their operations to minimize risk and take advantage of different market opportunities. By having multiple unrelated businesses, conglomerates can spread their investments and resources across various industries, allowing them to potentially achieve growth and profitability in different sectors.

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  • 23. 

    If you bought an investment for $1,000 and it grew to $1,050 one year later, what is the returnon your investment (ROI)?

    Explanation
    The return on investment (ROI) is calculated by dividing the gain on investment by the original investment amount and expressing it as a percentage. In this case, the investment grew by $50 ($1,050 - $1,000), which is 5% of the original investment of $1,000. Therefore, the ROI is 5%.

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  • 24. 

    Two key advantages to investing ain a mutual fund include

    Explanation
    Investing in a mutual fund offers diversification, which means spreading investments across different assets to reduce risk. This helps to protect against losses in case one investment performs poorly. Additionally, mutual funds are managed by professionals who have expertise in selecting and managing investments. This ensures that investors benefit from the knowledge and experience of these fund managers, who make informed decisions on behalf of the investors.

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  • 25. 

    The three issuers of bonds are:

    Explanation
    The three issuers of bonds are the U.S. government, corporations, and municipals. The U.S. government issues bonds to finance its operations and projects. Corporations issue bonds to raise capital for business expansion or other financial needs. Municipals, such as cities or local governments, issue bonds to fund infrastructure projects or other public initiatives. These three entities are commonly known for issuing bonds in the financial markets.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the three bonds are considered the riskiest fixed-income security?

    Explanation
    Corporation bonds are considered the riskiest fixed-income security because they are issued by private companies rather than the government. Unlike government bonds, which are backed by the full faith and credit of the government, corporation bonds are subject to the credit risk of the issuing company. If the company faces financial difficulties or goes bankrupt, bondholders may not receive their full principal or interest payments. Therefore, investing in corporation bonds carries a higher level of risk compared to government or municipal bonds.

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  • 27. 

    Chiko bought 75 shares of stock at $19.58 per share. She received dividends of $73.42 during the year. At the end of the year, her stock was valued at $22.14. What is her ROI?

    Explanation
    ROI stands for Return on Investment, which is a measure of the profitability of an investment. To calculate ROI, you need to determine the gain or loss from the investment and divide it by the initial investment. In this case, Chiko bought 75 shares at $19.58 per share, so her initial investment is 75 * $19.58 = $1468.50. At the end of the year, her stock was valued at $22.14 per share, so her total investment value is 75 * $22.14 = $1660.50. The gain from the investment is $1660.50 - $1468.50 = $192. To calculate ROI, divide the gain by the initial investment and multiply by 100: ($192 / $1468.50) * 100 = 13.08%. Therefore, the correct answer is 13.08%, not 18%.

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  • 28. 

    Which category of US government bonds mature from 10 to 30 years?

    Explanation
    US Treasury bonds are a category of US government bonds that mature from 10 to 30 years. These bonds are long-term investments issued by the US Department of the Treasury to finance government spending. They offer a fixed interest rate and are considered a safe and stable investment option. The maturity period of 10 to 30 years allows investors to have a long-term investment horizon and potentially earn higher returns over time.

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  • 29. 

    An investor's ability to accept loss of some or all of the money he or she has invested, based on a number factors including age, financial stability, amount of time before the invested funds are needed for other purposes called:

    Explanation
    The given answer, "risk tolerance," accurately describes an investor's ability to accept the loss of some or all of the money they have invested. This ability is influenced by various factors such as age, financial stability, and the amount of time before the invested funds are needed for other purposes. Risk tolerance refers to an individual's willingness to take on investment risks and can vary from person to person. It is an important consideration when making investment decisions as it helps determine the appropriate level of risk one is comfortable with.

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  • 30. 

    Risk is categorized as conservative, moderate, or

    Explanation
    Risk is categorized as conservative, moderate, or speculative based on the level of uncertainty and potential losses involved. Conservative risk refers to low-risk investments with stable returns, while moderate risk involves a balance between potential gains and losses. Speculative risk, on the other hand, refers to high-risk investments with a significant chance of both substantial gains and losses. This category involves ventures that are highly uncertain and speculative in nature, often associated with volatile markets or emerging industries.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 19, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Sehyong
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