Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Exam: Quiz

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 10459

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Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Exam: Quiz

Cardiovascular Pathophysiology exam quiz! The cardiovascular system is charged with ensuring that blood is transported throughout the body, with the main organ being the heart. There are a number of disorders that affect this system. Aneurysms, for example, are one of the disorders that arise when there is an issue with the system, for example, as a result of high blood pressure. By taking this quiz, you will get to see just how much you understand disorders like it that patients may have.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Blood pressure that is sustained systolic greater that 140mmHg and diastolic that is below 90 is associated with CV and cerebrovascular events, and is referred to as which of the following terms?
    • A. 

      Prehypertentsion

    • B. 

      Isolated systolic hypertension

    • C. 

      Secondary hypertension

  • 2. 
    Blood Pressure that is rapidly progressive with diastolic above 140 mmHg can cause cerebral edema/loss of function, which of the following terms best describes this type of BP?
    • A. 

      Prehypertension

    • B. 

      Isolated hypertension

    • C. 

      Malignant hypertension

  • 3. 
    Which of the following conditions refers to a decrease in both systolic and diastolic BP on standing; Accompanied by dizziness, blurred or loss of vision, or syncope?
    • A. 

      Otrthostatic Postural Hypotension

    • B. 

      Chronic Hypotension

    • C. 

      Idiopathic Hypotension

  • 4. 
    Outpouching or localized dilation of a vessel wall or cardiac chamber is best known as which of the following terms?
    • A. 

      Thrombus

    • B. 

      Aneurysm

    • C. 

      Embolism

  • 5. 
    Which of the following conditions cause aneurysms?
    • A. 

      Atherosclerotic plaque formation

    • B. 

      Trauma

    • C. 

      Low blood pressure

    • D. 

      Congenital abnormalities in media of arterial wall

    • E. 

      Smoking

    • F. 

      Infection

  • 6. 
    Which of the following are diagnostic tools used for finding aneurysms?
    • A. 

      Ultrasound

    • B. 

      Angiography

    • C. 

      NI

    • D. 

      MRI

    • E. 

      EKG

    • F. 

      CT

  • 7. 
    A middle-aged female comes to the doctor with complaints of a sudden painful, pulsating mass in the midline of her abdomen...upon further assessment, the presence of bruit is confirmed. Which of the following conditions is consistent with the findings?
    • A. 

      Aneurysm "Circle of Willis"

    • B. 

      Abdominal aorta aneurysm

    • C. 

      Abdominal aorta thrombus

  • 8. 
    Which of the following disorders would cause signs of intracranial pressure, such as decreased levels of consciousness, bradycardia, widened pulse pressure, small, sluggish pupils?
    • A. 

      Aneurysm- Circle of Willis

    • B. 

      Aneurysm-femoral poplitieal artery

    • C. 

      Thrombus in Cerebral artery

  • 9. 
    Aneurysms with symptoms of ischemia are probably located in which of the following areas?
    • A. 

      Abdominal Aorta

    • B. 

      Thoracic Aorta

    • C. 

      Femoral and Popliteal Artery

  • 10. 
    Which of the following diagnostic tools are used to confirm the presence of thrombi?
    • A. 

      Doppler untrasonography

    • B. 

      MRI

    • C. 

      Angiography

    • D. 

      CT

  • 11. 
    A 23-year-old male comes to the doctor complaining of the tenderness of in his arm Upon assessment the nurse observes skin ulcerations, redness, thick and shiny skin, and thickened and malformed nails.  Which of the following conditions is consistent with her findings?
    • A. 

      Thromboangilitis (Buerger Disease)

    • B. 

      Raynaud's phenomenon

    • C. 

      Raynaud's disease

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a more common peripheral vascular disease usually associated with scleroderma or another connective tissue disease? Numbness, tingling of digits relieved by warmth, associated with white, blue, and red colors. Thickened fingertips and nails.
    • A. 

      Thromboangilitis (Beurger's Disease

    • B. 

      Raynaud's phenomenon

    • C. 

      Raynaud's disease

  • 13. 
    Which of the following are used as a treatment for thrombi?
    • A. 

      Heparin

    • B. 

      Beta blockers

    • C. 

      Warfain

    • D. 

      Thrombolytics

  • 14. 
    Which of the following terms refers to soft deposits of intra-arterial fat and fibrin in the vessel walls that hardens over time?
    • A. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • B. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • C. 

      Atherosclerotic disease

  • 15. 
    Which of the following tests shows the location and degree of coronary artery stenosis and condition of the artery beyond the narrowing?
    • A. 

      Intravascular ultrasound

    • B. 

      Coronary angiography

    • C. 

      Holter Monitor

  • 16. 
    Which of the following tests detect silent ischemia and angina?
    • A. 

      Intravascular ultrasound

    • B. 

      Coronary angiography

    • C. 

      Holter monitor

  • 17. 
    Which of the following tests evaluated damaged heart muscle and if there is adequate blood supply?
    • A. 

      Coronary Angiography

    • B. 

      EKG

    • C. 

      Holter Monitor

  • 18. 
    Which of the following terms best describes an atherosclerotic disease of the arteries that perfuse the limbs, especially in the lower extremities?
    • A. 

      Peripheral Artery Disease

    • B. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • C. 

      Arteriosclerosis

  • 19. 
    A diabetic patient comes to the doctor complaining about sever pain in his legs brought on by ambulation.  The nurse suspects which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Peripheral Artery Disease

    • C. 

      Arteriosclerosis

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is a condition in which the blood supply to the heart muscles is completely or partially blocked due to atherosclerosis that develops in the arteries that encircle the heart, narrowing the arteries, and blocking blood flow?
    • A. 

      Peripheral Artery Disease

    • B. 

      Myocardial Ischemia

    • C. 

      Coronary Artery Disease

  • 21. 
    Which of the following terms refers to abnormal concentrations of serum lipoproteins such as lipids, phospholipids, cholesterol, and triglycerides bound to carrier proteins?
    • A. 

      Dyslipidemia

    • B. 

      Lipoprotemia

    • C. 

      Phospholipidemia

  • 22. 
    Which of the following conditions refers to the imbalance between coronary blood supply and myocardial demand?
    • A. 

      Coronary Artery Disease

    • B. 

      Myocardial Ischemia

    • C. 

      Myocardial Infarction

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is the most common reason for myocardial ischemia?
    • A. 

      Coronary Spasms

    • B. 

      Hypotension

    • C. 

      Atherosclerotic plaques

  • 24. 
    Which of the following conditions can cause myocardial infarction?
    • A. 

      Coronary spasm

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Anemia

    • E. 

      Arrhythmias

  • 25. 
    Which of the following terms describes angina that is substernal chest discomfort: elephant sitting on my chest: often shown with a clenched fist placed over the left sternal border?  Accompanied by pallor, diaphoresis, dyspnea, nausea, and vomiting?
    • A. 

      Stable Angina

    • B. 

      Prinzmental Angina

    • C. 

      Silent Ischemia

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