Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Exam: Quiz

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Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Exam: Quiz - Quiz

Check out this cardiovascular pathophysiology exam quiz and test your knowledge of cardiac pathology. The cardiovascular system is charged with ensuring that blood is transported throughout the body, with the main organ being the heart. There are a number of disorders that affect this system. Aneurysms, for example, are disorders that arise when there is an issue with the system, for example, due to high blood pressure. By taking this quiz, you will get to see just how much you understand disorders like it that patients may have. Let's get started.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Blood pressure that is sustained systolic greater that 140mmHg and diastolic that is below 90 is associated with CV and cerebrovascular events, and is referred to as which of the following terms?
    • A. 

      Prehypertentsion

    • B. 

      Isolated systolic hypertension

    • C. 

      Secondary hypertension

    • D. 

      Primary hypertension

  • 2. 
    Blood Pressure that is rapidly progressive with diastolic above 140 mmHg can cause cerebral edema/loss of function, which of the following terms best describes this type of BP?
    • A. 

      Prehypertension

    • B. 

      Isolated hypertension

    • C. 

      Malignant hypertension

    • D. 

      Secondary hypertension

  • 3. 
    Outpouching or localized dilation of a vessel wall or cardiac chamber is best known as which of the following terms?
    • A. 

      Thrombus

    • B. 

      Aneurysm

    • C. 

      Embolism

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Which of the following conditions cause aneurysms?
    • A. 

      Atherosclerotic plaque formation

    • B. 

      Trauma

    • C. 

      Low blood pressure

    • D. 

      Congenital abnormalities in media of arterial wall

    • E. 

      Smoking

    • F. 

      Infection

  • 5. 
    Which of the following are diagnostic tools used for finding aneurysms?
    • A. 

      Ultrasound

    • B. 

      Angiography

    • C. 

      NI

    • D. 

      MRI

    • E. 

      EKG

    • F. 

      CT

  • 6. 
    A middle-aged female comes to the doctor with complaints of a sudden painful, pulsating mass in the midline of her abdomen...upon further assessment, the presence of bruit is confirmed. Which of the following conditions is consistent with the findings?
    • A. 

      Aneurysm "Circle of Willis"

    • B. 

      Abdominal aorta aneurysm

    • C. 

      Abdominal aorta thrombus

    • D. 

      None of the above 

  • 7. 
    Which of the following disorders would cause signs of intracranial pressure, such as decreased levels of consciousness, bradycardia, widened pulse pressure, small, sluggish pupils?
    • A. 

      Aneurysm- Circle of Willis

    • B. 

      Aneurysm-femoral poplitieal artery

    • C. 

      Thrombus in Cerebral artery

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    Aneurysms with symptoms of ischemia are probably located in which of the following areas?
    • A. 

      Abdominal Aorta

    • B. 

      Thoracic Aorta

    • C. 

      Femoral and Popliteal Artery

    • D. 

      None of them

  • 9. 
    Which of the following diagnostic tools are used to confirm the presence of thrombi?
    • A. 

      Doppler untrasonography

    • B. 

      MRI

    • C. 

      Angiography

    • D. 

      CT

  • 10. 
    A 23-year-old male comes to the doctor complaining of the tenderness of in his arm Upon assessment the nurse observes skin ulcerations, redness, thick and shiny skin, and thickened and malformed nails.  Which of the following conditions is consistent with her findings?
    • A. 

      Thromboangilitis (Buerger Disease)

    • B. 

      Raynaud's phenomenon

    • C. 

      Raynaud's disease

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a more common peripheral vascular disease usually associated with scleroderma or another connective tissue disease? Numbness, tingling of digits relieved by warmth, associated with white, blue, and red colors. Thickened fingertips and nails.
    • A. 

      Thromboangilitis (Beurger's Disease

    • B. 

      Raynaud's phenomenon

    • C. 

      Raynaud's disease

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    Which of the following are used as a treatment for thrombi?
    • A. 

      Heparin

    • B. 

      Beta blockers

    • C. 

      Warfain

    • D. 

      Thrombolytics

  • 13. 
    Which of the following terms refers to soft deposits of intra-arterial fat and fibrin in the vessel walls that hardens over time?
    • A. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • B. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • C. 

      Atherosclerotic disease

    • D. 

      Arteriosclero Byfunction

  • 14. 
    Which of the following tests shows the location and degree of coronary artery stenosis and condition of the artery beyond the narrowing?
    • A. 

      Intravascular ultrasound

    • B. 

      Coronary angiography

    • C. 

      Holter Monitor

    • D. 

      All of them

  • 15. 
    Which of the following tests detect silent ischemia and angina?
    • A. 

      Intravascular ultrasound

    • B. 

      Coronary angiography

    • C. 

      Holter monitor

  • 16. 
    Which of the following tests evaluated damaged heart muscle and if there is adequate blood supply?
    • A. 

      Coronary Angiography

    • B. 

      EKG

    • C. 

      Holter Monitor

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    Which of the following terms best describes an atherosclerotic disease of the arteries that perfuse the limbs, especially in the lower extremities?
    • A. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • C. 

      Peripheral Artery Disease

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    A diabetic patient comes to the doctor complaining about sever pain in his legs brought on by ambulation.  The nurse suspects which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Peripheral Artery Disease

    • C. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • D. 

      Myocardial Ischemia

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a condition in which the blood supply to the heart muscles is completely or partially blocked due to atherosclerosis that develops in the arteries that encircle the heart, narrowing the arteries, and blocking blood flow?
    • A. 

      Peripheral Artery Disease

    • B. 

      Myocardial Ischemia

    • C. 

      Coronary Artery Disease

    • D. 

      Prinzmental Angina

  • 20. 
    Which of the following terms refers to abnormal concentrations of serum lipoproteins such as lipids, phospholipids, cholesterol, and triglycerides bound to carrier proteins?
    • A. 

      Dyslipidemia

    • B. 

      Lipoprotemia

    • C. 

      Phospholipidemia

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    Which of the following terms describes angina that is substernal chest discomfort: elephant sitting on my chest: often shown with a clenched fist placed over the left sternal border?  Accompanied by pallor, diaphoresis, dyspnea, nausea, and vomiting?
    • A. 

      Stable Angina

    • B. 

      Prinzmental Angina

    • C. 

      Silent Ischemia

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    A woman comes to the doctor with complaints of fatigue, dyspnea, and a feeling of unease. Upon further assessment, the nurse finds left ventricular gallop and S3, what are these findings consistent with? 
    • A. 

      Stable Angina

    • B. 

      Silent Ischemia

    • C. 

      Prinzmental Angina

    • D. 

      Pregnancy

  • 23. 
    General transient ST-segment depression and T wave inversion are characteristic signs of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Atheroscerotic plaque

    • B. 

      Angina

    • C. 

      Ischemia

    • D. 

      Antilipemics

  • 24. 
    Which of the following medications dilates arteries and veins to reduce myocardial oxygen demands?
    • A. 

      Betq-Blockers

    • B. 

      Nitrates

    • C. 

      Antilipemics

    • D. 

      Aspirin

  • 25. 
    Which of the following medications treats angina?
    • A. 

      Beta Blockers

    • B. 

      Calcium Channel Blockers

    • C. 

      Antilipemics

    • D. 

      Aspirin

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