A&p Chapter 18 Endocrine System

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 521

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

The endocrine system is defined as the collection of glands of living organisms, which are essential for secreting hormones. Most processes in living organisms are aided by hormones. The A&P chapter 18 endocrine systems quiz below tests on this subject.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A FUNCTION OF A HORMONE
    • A. 

      REGULATES CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND VOLUME OF THE INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT

    • B. 

      REGULATES METABOLISM

    • C. 

      REGULATES GRANDULAR SECRETIONS

    • D. 

      PRODUCES ELECTROLYTES

  • 2. 
    WHEN A HORMONE IS PRESENT IN EXCESSIVE LEVELS, THE NUMBER OF TARGET-CELL RECEPTORS MAY DECREASE. THIS IS CALLED
    • A. 

      RECEPTOR RECOGNITION

    • B. 

      CIRCULATING HORMONE

    • C. 

      UP REGULATION

    • D. 

      DOWN REGULATION

  • 3. 
    THESE HORMONES ACT ON NEIGHBORING CELLS WITHOUT ENTERING THE BLOOD STREAM
    • A. 

      LOCAL HORMONES

    • B. 

      PARACRINES

    • C. 

      AUTOCRINES

    • D. 

      ALL OF THE ABOVE

  • 4. 
    THESE ARE LIPID SOLUBLE HORMONES DERIVED FROM CHOLESTEROL
    • A. 

      STEROIDS

    • B. 

      THYROID HORMONES

    • C. 

      NITRIC OXIDE

    • D. 

      AMINE HORMONES

  • 5. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A MAJOR EICONSANOID
    • A. 

      PROSTAGLANDINS

    • B. 

      LEUKOTRIENES

    • C. 

      GLOPROTEINS

    • D. 

      BOTH A & B

  • 6. 
    WHAT  IS A MAJOR DIFF IN THE ACTION OF A WATER SOLUBLE HORMONE VS A LIPID SOLUBLE HORMONE
    • A. 

      HOW THEY DIFFUSE THROUGH BLOOD

    • B. 

      HOW THE mRNA IS TRANSCRIBED

    • C. 

      THE USE OF A SECOND MESSENGER

    • D. 

      ONLY ONE TYPE NEEDS A HORMONE RECEPTOR

  • 7. 
    WHEN ONE HORMONE OPPOSING THE ACTION OF ANOTHER HORMONE IS IT CALLED
    • A. 

      SYNERGISTIC EFFECTS

    • B. 

      PERMISSIVE EFFECTS

    • C. 

      ANTAGONISTIC EFFECTS

    • D. 

      CIRCULATING

  • 8. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A WAY HORMONE SECRETION IS REGULATED
    • A. 

      SIGNALS FROM NERVOUS SYSTEM

    • B. 

      CHEMICAL CHANGES IN BLOOD

    • C. 

      SIGNALS FROM THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

    • D. 

      BOTH A & B

  • 9. 
    WHAT CONTROLS THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
    • A. 

      CHEMICAL SIGNALS FROM THE BLOOD

    • B. 

      THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

    • C. 

      ACTION OF HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES

    • D. 

      ACTION OF POTENTIALS FROM THE THALAMUS

  • 10. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES STIMULATES GROWTH
    • A. 

      HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE

    • B. 

      PROLACTIN

    • C. 

      THYROTROPIN

    • D. 

      FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE

  • 11. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES STIMULATES MILK PRODUCTION
    • A. 

      LEUTINIZING HORMONE

    • B. 

      PROLACTIN

    • C. 

      THYROTROPIN

    • D. 

      MELANOCYTE STIMULATING HORMONE

  • 12. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES STIMULATES CORTISOL PRODUCTION
    • A. 

      LEUTINIZING HORMONE

    • B. 

      PROLACTIN

    • C. 

      INSULIN LIKE GROWTH FACTORS

    • D. 

      ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE

  • 13. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONES STIMULATES SEX CELL PRODUCTION 
    • A. 

      LEUTINIZING HORMONE

    • B. 

      TSH

    • C. 

      CORTICOTROPIN

    • D. 

      GROWTH HORMONE

  • 14. 
    THE PARS DISTALIS AND THE PARS TUBERALIS COMPRISE
    • A. 

      ANTERIOR PITUITARY

    • B. 

      HYPOTHALAMUS

    • C. 

      POSTERIOR PITUITARY

    • D. 

      ADRENAL GLAND

  • 15. 
    HOW MANY HORMONES DO THE FIVE TYPES OF ANTERIOR PITUITARY CELLS SECRETE
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      12

  • 16. 
    WHICH TYPE OF ANTERIOR PITUITARY CELL SECRETES HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE
    • A. 

      THYROTROPHS

    • B. 

      GONADOTROPHS

    • C. 

      SOMATOTROPHS

    • D. 

      LACTOTROPHS

  • 17. 
    WHICH HORMONES DOES THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY PRODUCE
    • A. 

      PROLACTIN AND HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE

    • B. 

      MELATONIN STIMULATING HORMONE AND OXYTOCIN

    • C. 

      OXYTOCIN AND ANTIDIRUETIC HORMONE

    • D. 

      PROLACTIN AND ACTH

  • 18. 
    THE AMOUNT OF ADH THAT IS SECRETED VARIES WITH
    • A. 

      BLOOD OSMOTIC PRESSURE

    • B. 

      BLOOD CALCIUM LEVELS

    • C. 

      OXYGEN CONTENT OF BLOOD

    • D. 

      ALL OF THE ABOVE

  • 19. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING HORMONES OPPOSES THE ACTION OF PARATHYROID HORMONE?
    • A. 

      TESTESTERONE

    • B. 

      INSULIN

    • C. 

      CALCITONIN

    • D. 

      CALCITRIOL

  • 20. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A MEANS OF SYNTHESIXING AND SECRETING T3 AND T4
    • A. 

      IODINE TRAPPING

    • B. 

      OXIDATION OF IODIDE

    • C. 

      COUPLING OF T1 AND T2

    • D. 

      HYDROLYSIS OF CALCIUM

  • 21. 
    PARATHYROID HORMONE IS THE MAJOR REGULATOR OF WHICH IONS IN THE BLOOD
    • A. 

      CALCIUM

    • B. 

      SODIUM

    • C. 

      POTASSIUM

    • D. 

      CHLORIDE

  • 22. 
    COMPLETE LOSS OF THE ALDOSTERONE WILL LEAD TO DEATH DUE TO
    • A. 

      DECREASED HEART RATE

    • B. 

      DECREASED AIRWAY DILATION

    • C. 

      DEHYDRATION

    • D. 

      KIDNEY FAILURE

  • 23. 
    WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A GLUCOCORTICOID EFFECT
    • A. 

      PROTEIN AND FAT BREAKDOWN

    • B. 

      GLUCOSE FORMATION

    • C. 

      IMMUNE SUPPRESSION

    • D. 

      INCREASE IN BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION

  • 24. 
    WHICH BLOOD GLUCOSE LOWERING HORMONE IS PRODUCED BY THE PANCREATIC ISLET CELLS
    • A. 

      INSULIN

    • B. 

      PLASMA PROTEINS

    • C. 

      BLOOD CLOTTING FACTORS

    • D. 

      THYROID HORMONES

  • 25. 
    WHICH HORMONE PROMOTES METABOLIC RATE
    • A. 

      INSULIN

    • B. 

      ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE

    • C. 

      GLUCAGON

    • D. 

      THYROID HORMONE

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