6 Meisosis Review Quiz

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| By Vmallon
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Vmallon
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 395
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6 Meisosis Review Quiz - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The two new cells produced during the cell cycle are known as

    • A.

      Sister cells

    • B.

      Daughter cells

    • C.

      Mother cells

    • D.

      Father cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Daughter cells
    Explanation
    During the cell cycle, a cell undergoes division to produce two new cells. These new cells are known as daughter cells. Daughter cells are genetically identical to the parent cell and have the same number of chromosomes. They are formed through the process of mitosis, where the parent cell's DNA is replicated and then divided equally between the two daughter cells. These daughter cells then continue to grow and carry out their specific functions in the body.

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  • 2. 

    Reproduction requiring only 1 parent is

    • A.

      Sexual reproduction

    • B.

      Asexual reproduction

    • C.

      Cell cycle

    • D.

      Meiosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Asexual reproduction
    Explanation
    Asexual reproduction is the correct answer because it only involves one parent to produce offspring. In this process, the parent organism produces genetically identical copies of itself, without the need for gametes or fertilization. This can occur through various methods such as budding, fragmentation, or binary fission. Asexual reproduction is advantageous in stable environments as it allows for rapid population growth and colonization.

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  • 3. 

    A reproductive cell containing only half of the chromosomes needed to reproduce a living organism is a

    • A.

      Gamete

    • B.

      Chromosome

    • C.

      DNA

    • D.

      Zygote

    Correct Answer
    A. Gamete
    Explanation
    A reproductive cell containing only half of the chromosomes needed to reproduce a living organism is a gamete. Gametes are specialized cells that are involved in sexual reproduction. They are produced by the process of meiosis, which results in the formation of cells with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. When a gamete combines with another gamete during fertilization, the full set of chromosomes is restored, resulting in the formation of a zygote. Chromosomes and DNA are both involved in the genetic material of cells, but they do not specifically refer to reproductive cells with half the chromosomes needed for reproduction.

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  • 4. 

    The original cell that produces new cells is the

    • A.

      Parent cell

    • B.

      Daughter cell

    • C.

      Father cell

    • D.

      Mother cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Parent cell
    Explanation
    The parent cell is the original cell that produces new cells through the process of cell division. It is the cell from which the daughter cells are derived. The father and mother cells refer to the male and female reproductive cells involved in sexual reproduction, whereas the parent cell can be any type of cell that undergoes division to give rise to new cells.

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  • 5. 

    A fertilized cell of a male and female of a species is a

    • A.

      Zygote

    • B.

      Gamete

    • C.

      Chromosome

    • D.

      DNA

    Correct Answer
    A. Zygote
    Explanation
    A fertilized cell of a male and female of a species is called a zygote. This is because when sperm from the male and egg from the female combine during fertilization, they form a single cell called a zygote. The zygote contains the complete set of chromosomes from both parents and has the potential to develop into a new individual. Gametes, on the other hand, are the reproductive cells (sperm and egg) that fuse during fertilization to form a zygote. Chromosomes and DNA are genetic materials present in cells, but they do not specifically refer to the fertilized cell resulting from the fusion of male and female gametes.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 20, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Vmallon
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