De: Cell And Membrane

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 230

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De: Cell And Membrane

AP Chapters 4 and 5.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is NOT true of eukaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      A true nucleus contains the chromosomes.

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bounded compartments.

    • C. 

      They contain ribosomes that are smaller than those of prokaryotic cells.

    • D. 

      They all contain mitochondria.

    • E. 

      They contain many organelles in the cytoplasm.

  • 2. 
    Which organelle creates ATP energy for a cell?
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 3. 
    Plant cells have one big____ used for storage, but animal cells have lots of small ones.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 4. 
    Which description best fits the cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Transparent

    • B. 

      Rigid for support

    • C. 

      Thick and waxy

    • D. 

      Semi-permeable

  • 5. 
    Which of the following organelles do animal cells have?
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Cell wall

    • C. 

      One large vacuole

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 6. 
    Where does photosynthesis happen?
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Vacuoles

  • 7. 
    Where are proteins made?
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 8. 
    The SER does all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Detoxification

    • B. 

      Lipid metabolism

    • C. 

      Stores calcium ions

    • D. 

      ATP production

    • E. 

      Uses transport vesicles

  • 9. 
    The process by which substances pass through the cell membrane without expending energy is called:
    • A. 

      Endocytosis

    • B. 

      Passive transport

    • C. 

      Active transport

    • D. 

      Phagocytosis

  • 10. 
    The process by which substances move from regions of high concentration to regions of low concentration is called:
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Active transport

    • D. 

      Endocytosis

  • 11. 
    The site where ribosomes are assembled is the:
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Chromosome

    • D. 

      Nucleolus

  • 12. 
    Because bacteria do not contain nuclei, they are known as:
    • A. 

      Prokaryotes

    • B. 

      Phagocytes

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      Endocytes

  • 13. 
    Which cell structure would be involved in digesting worn-out ribosomes?
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Golgi bodies

    • D. 

      Lysosomes

  • 14. 
    Where does the final processing of proteins occur?
    • A. 

      Golgi bodies

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 15. 
    Which plant organelle stores water?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Vacuole

  • 16. 
    Which cell organelle has the job of determining which substances can go into and out of the cell?
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Lysosomes

  • 17. 
    The site where ribosomes are assembled is the:
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Chromosome

    • D. 

      Nucleolus

  • 18. 
    Which structures would be found in a maple tree cell but not a human cell?
    • A. 

      Lysomes and mitochondria

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts and cell walls

    • C. 

      Ribosomes and cell membranes

    • D. 

      Nuclei and cell membranes

  • 19. 
    Which cell organelle has the job of determining which substances can go into and out of the cell?
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Lysosomes

  • 20. 
    Which of these does require energy?
    • A. 

      Active Transport

    • B. 

      Passive Transport

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Gravity

  • 21. 
    The process of taking materials into the cell by mans of infolding, or pockets, of the cell membrane is NOT called:
    • A. 

      Endocytosis

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Pinocytosis

    • D. 

      Exocytosis

  • 22. 
    Water is more concentrated in...
    • A. 

      the solution on the side of the membrane with the least solute.

    • B. 

      The solution on the side of the membrane with the most solute.

    • C. 

      The solution on the one side of the membrane that has reached equilibrium.

    • D. 

      The solution on either side of the membrane that has reached equilibrium.

    • E. 

      The solution on neither side of the membrane due to the constant motion of the molecules.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following will pass through a cell membrane most easily?
    • A. 

      small polar molecules

    • B. 

      Small nonpolar molecules

    • C. 

      Large polar molecules

    • D. 

      Large nonpolar molecules

    • E. 

      Large neutral molecules

  • 24. 
    A red blood cell placed in a hypertonic medium will
    • A. 

      Expand.

    • B. 

      Burst.

    • C. 

      Shrink.

    • D. 

      Have no change in shape.

    • E. 

      Become a white blood cell.

  • 25. 
    Which is NOT true about the cell theory?
    • A. 

      It states that all organisms are composed of cells.

    • B. 

      It states that all cells come from preexisting cells.

    • C. 

      It states that bacteria and other small organisms can arise spontaneously.

    • D. 

      It is accepted today by biologists as applying to virtually all forms of life.

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