1.
A series of logical steps that is followed in order to solve a problem is called the __________
Correct Answer
A. Scientific method
Explanation
The scientific method is a series of logical steps that are followed in order to solve a problem. It involves making observations, formulating a hypothesis, conducting experiments or gathering data, analyzing the results, and drawing conclusions. This systematic approach is used to investigate and understand natural phenomena and is widely used in scientific research and inquiry. The other options, experimental process, scientific theory, and model method, do not accurately describe the specific steps and procedures involved in the scientific method.
2.
Which of the following steps to solve a problem must be completed first _____________________
Correct Answer
C. Identify the Problem
Explanation
The first step to solve a problem is to identify the problem itself. Without knowing what the problem is, it is impossible to proceed with any further steps. Once the problem is identified, the other steps such as analyzing data, stating a hypothesis, and conducting experiments can be carried out in order to find a solution.
3.
A factor in an experiment that can change is a(n)______________
Correct Answer
A. Variable
Explanation
In an experiment, a factor that can change and is being manipulated or measured is called a variable. Variables can include independent variables, which are intentionally changed by the experimenter, and dependent variables, which are the outcomes or responses that are measured or observed. Variables are important in experiments because they allow researchers to investigate cause-and-effect relationships and determine the impact of certain factors on the results.
4.
A good way to organize and record your experiment is using a ________
Correct Answer
B. Data Table
Explanation
A data table is a good way to organize and record your experiment because it allows you to systematically collect and present data in an organized manner. It helps to keep track of different variables, observations, and measurements, making it easier to analyze and interpret the results. By using a data table, you can easily compare and contrast different sets of data, identify patterns, and draw conclusions from your experiment.
5.
What does a Pascal measure ________?
Correct Answer
A. Pressure
Explanation
A Pascal is a unit of measurement used to quantify pressure. It is defined as one newton per square meter, representing the amount of force exerted on an area. Therefore, the correct answer is "Pressure."
6.
A meter measures ________________?
Correct Answer
B. Length
Explanation
A meter is a unit of measurement used to measure length. It is commonly used to measure the distance between two points or the size of an object. Liquids, volume, and solids can also be measured, but they require different units of measurement such as liters or cubic meters. Therefore, the correct answer is "Length".
7.
The Joule is part of the metric system?
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The Joule is indeed part of the metric system. It is the unit of measurement for energy and work in the International System of Units (SI). The SI system is a decimal-based system of measurement used worldwide, and the Joule is one of its recognized units. It is defined as the amount of energy transferred when a force of one newton is applied over a distance of one meter. Therefore, the statement that the Joule is part of the metric system is correct.
8.
What does a gram measure?
Correct Answer
C. Wieght
Explanation
A gram is a unit of weight, commonly used to measure the mass or heaviness of an object. It is a metric unit of measurement and is equivalent to one thousandth of a kilogram. Therefore, the correct answer is "Weight" as grams are used to measure the weight of an object.
9.
How can you abbreviate millilmeters?
Correct Answer
A. Mm
Explanation
Millimeters can be abbreviated as "mm".
10.
How can you abbreviate milliigrams?
Correct Answer
C. Mg
Explanation
Milligrams can be abbreviated as "mg".
11.
How can you abbreviate dekagram?
Correct Answer
A. Dag
Explanation
The correct abbreviation for dekagram is "dag".
12.
How much is a Liter worth in the metric system?
Correct Answer
A. 1
Explanation
In the metric system, a liter is worth 1. This is because the metric system is based on powers of 10, and a liter is defined as the volume of a cube that is 10 centimeters on each side. Therefore, 1 liter is equal to 1.
13.
How much is a centi worth in the metric system?
Correct Answer
B. .01
Explanation
In the metric system, a centi is a prefix that denotes one hundredth of a unit. Therefore, a centi is worth .01 in the metric system.
14.
How much is a hecto worth in the metric system?
Correct Answer
B. 100
Explanation
A hecto is a prefix in the metric system that represents 100. Therefore, a hecto is worth 100 in the metric system.
15.
If snails move faster on smoother plane, then a snail will move faster on glass than on sand.
Correct Answer
A. Hypothesis
Explanation
The given statement presents a hypothesis, which is a proposed explanation or prediction based on limited evidence or observation. The hypothesis states that if snails move faster on a smoother plane, then a snail will move faster on glass than on sand. This hypothesis can be tested through an experiment where the speed of snails on both glass and sand is measured and compared. The data collected from the experiment will then be used to draw a conclusion about whether the hypothesis is supported or not.
16.
What makes the pupil in the eye change size?
Correct Answer
C. Question
Explanation
The pupil in the eye changes size in response to the amount of light entering the eye. When there is bright light, the pupil constricts or becomes smaller to limit the amount of light that enters the eye. On the other hand, in dim light conditions, the pupil dilates or becomes larger to allow more light to enter the eye and improve vision. Therefore, the question of what makes the pupil in the eye change size is a valid inquiry into understanding the mechanism behind this physiological response.
17.
Which color lights cause plants to grow more effectively?
Correct Answer
D. Question
18.
28 mL = ______ cL
Correct Answer
A. 2.8
Explanation
The question asks for the conversion of 28 mL to cL. Since there are 10 centiliters (cL) in 1 liter (L), we can divide 28 mL by 10 to get the equivalent in centiliters. Therefore, 28 mL is equal to 2.8 cL.
19.
8000dam = _______km
Correct Answer
B. 80
Explanation
8000 decameters (dam) is equal to 80 kilometers (km). This is because there are 10 decameters in 1 kilometer. Therefore, to convert from dam to km, we divide the given value by 10. In this case, dividing 8000 by 10 gives us 80.
20.
Which system of measurement is easier?
Correct Answer
B. Metric
Explanation
The metric system of measurement is easier than the customary system because it is based on units of 10, making conversions and calculations simpler. The metric system is widely used around the world and is more consistent and standardized compared to the customary system, which varies between countries. The metric system's use of prefixes also allows for easy scaling of measurements, making it more convenient for scientific and everyday applications.
21.
What is the difference between a hypothesis and theory?
Correct Answer
C. Theories have been confirmed through tests; hypothesis haven't
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that theories have been confirmed through tests, while hypotheses have not. Theories are based on extensive research and evidence, and they have undergone rigorous testing to support their validity. On the other hand, a hypothesis is a proposed explanation or prediction that has not yet been tested or proven. It is a tentative assumption made in order to investigate a phenomenon. Therefore, the main difference between a hypothesis and a theory lies in the level of confirmation and evidence they possess.
22.
What might cause a theory to change over time?
Correct Answer
D. The discovery of new evidence
Explanation
Theories are based on existing evidence and knowledge, but as new evidence is discovered, it can challenge or contradict the existing theory. When new evidence is found, it may require the theory to be revised or even completely changed to accommodate the new information. This is because science is a constantly evolving field, and theories are not set in stone. The discovery of new evidence allows for a deeper understanding of phenomena and can lead to the development of more accurate and comprehensive theories.
23.
Which units measure the same basic quantities?
Correct Answer
D. Yards and feet
Explanation
Yards and feet are both units of length and measure the same basic quantity, which is distance. They are commonly used in the Imperial system of measurement, with 1 yard being equal to 3 feet. Therefore, if something is measured in yards, it can also be measured in feet, and vice versa. Gallons and liters, on the other hand, measure volume, while ounces and centimeters measure weight and length respectively.
24.
If a recipe calls for 3 and 1/4 cups of flour, you can tell that it's using:
Correct Answer
A. The customary system
Explanation
The correct answer is the customary system. This is because the use of fractions, such as 1/4, is more commonly found in the customary system of measurement. In the metric system, measurements are typically expressed in decimals or whole numbers. Therefore, the presence of a fraction in the recipe indicates the use of the customary system.
25.
Quantitative means to express something as a number.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that quantitative refers to the measurement or expression of something in numerical terms. It involves using numbers, data, and statistics to describe or analyze a particular phenomenon or concept. Therefore, expressing something as a number is a characteristic of quantitative analysis, making the statement "Quantitative means to express something as a number" true.