Anatomy Exam: Respiratory System

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 110

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Respiratory System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The two systems that cooperate to supply O2 and eliminate CO2 are the cardiovascular and the respiratory system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The ___________ system provides for gas exchange and the __________ system transports the respiratory gases.
    • A. 

      Respiratory & cardiovascular

    • B. 

      Cardiovascular & respiratory

    • C. 

      Respiratory & ventricular

    • D. 

      Cardiovascular & ventricular

  • 3. 
    ____________ is the exchange of gases between the atmosphere, blood, and cells.
  • 4. 
    What are the three basic processes of respiration:
    • A. 

      Ventilation (breathing), external (pulmonary) respiration and internal (tissue) respiration.

    • B. 

      Ventilation (breathing), external (pulmonary) respiration and external respiration.

    • C. 

      Ventilation (breathing), external respiration and internal (tissue) respiration.

    • D. 

      Ventilation (breathing) and internal (tissue) respiration.

  • 5. 
    The respiratory system consists of :
    • A. 

      The nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs ​

    • B. 

      The mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs ​

    • C. 

      The nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and the mouth

    • D. 

      The mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, nose and lungs ​

  • 6. 
    The upper respiratory system refers to the nose, pharynx, and associated structures and the lower respiratory system refers to the larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    In the Trachea the ________ of the epithelium sweep debris away from the lungs and back to the throat to be swallowed.
  • 8. 
    The parietal ______ is the outer layer which is attached to the wall of the thoracic cavity. The visceral _______ is the inner layer, attached to outer the lungs themselves. (both words are the same word)
  • 9. 
    The left lung has three lobes separated by two fissures; the right lung has two lobes separated by one fissure and a depression, the cardiac notch 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    ____________ (inhalation) is the process of bringing air into the lungs.
  • 11. 
    ______________ (exhalation) is the movement of air out of the lungs.
  • 12. 
    Among the pulmonary air volumes exchanged in ventilation are
    • tidal (500 ml),
    • inspiratory reserve (3100 ml),
    • expiratory reserve (1200 ml),
    • residual (1200 ml) 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Pulmonary lung capacities, the sum of two or more volumes, include inspiratory (3600 ml), functional residual (2400 ml), vital (4800 ml), and total lung (6000 ml) capacities
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The _______ volume of respiration is the total volume of air taken in during one minute 
    • A. 

      Minute

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      Millisecond

    • D. 

      Hourly

  • 15. 
    Who's law states that each gas in a mixture of gases exerts its own pressure as if all the other gases were not present.
    • A. 

      Dalton’s

    • B. 

      Daniel's

    • C. 

      Dumphry's

    • D. 

      Darton's

  • 16. 
    Who's law states that the quantity of a gas that will dissolve in a liquid is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas and its solubility coefficient.
    • A. 

      Henry’s

    • B. 

      Harry's

    • C. 

      Herrington's

    • D. 

      Herbert's

  • 17. 
    In internal and external respiration, O2 and CO2 diffuse from areas of their lower partial pressures to areas of their higher partial pressures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    _________ respiration is the exchange of gases between tissue blood capillaries and tissue cells and results in the conversion of oxygenated blood into deoxygenated blood.
  • 19. 
    In each _______ml of oxygenated blood, 1.5% of the O2 is dissolved in the plasma and 98.5% is carried with hemoglobin (Hb) inside red blood cells as oxyhemoglobin (HbO2
    • A. 

      100

    • B. 

      200

    • C. 

      500

    • D. 

      150

  • 20. 
    Hemoglobin consists of a protein portion called globin and a pigment called heme.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    CO2 is carried in blood in the form of dissolved CO2 (7%), carbaminohemoglobin (23%), and bicarbonate ions (70%) 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Two areas of the medulla oblongata are critically important to respiration: the dorsal respiratory group near the root of cranial nerve IX, and the ventral respiratory group extending from the spinal cord to the pons/medulla junction.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The _________ respiratory group is a rhythm-generating and integration center containing separate groups of neurons, some that fire during inhalation and others that fire during exhalation.
  • 24. 
    The cyclic behavior of inspiratory and expiratory neurons produces a breathing rate of how many breaths per minute? (which is called eupnea)
    • A. 

      12–15

    • B. 

      10-15

    • C. 

      11-17

    • D. 

      12-18

  • 25. 
    Pulmonary irritant reflexes respond to inhaled irritants in the nasal passages or trachea by causing reflexive _______________ in the respiratory airways
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