Behavior Therapy Test 4

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Rprie
R
Rprie
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 341
Questions: 19 | Attempts: 195

SettingsSettingsSettings
Therapy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When extinction begins and the behavior temporarily increases in frequency, duration, or intensity, this phenomenon is called a (an)                                          .

    Explanation
    An extinction burst refers to a temporary increase in the frequency, duration, or intensity of a behavior when it is no longer reinforced. This occurs because the individual or organism is trying to obtain the reinforcement that was previously associated with the behavior. The extinction burst is a common phenomenon observed during behavior modification or training programs, and it is important for practitioners to be aware of it as it can be a sign that the behavior is about to decrease in the long run.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Extinction works best when:

    • A.

      It follows positive reinforcement

    • B.

      It follows continuous reinforcement

    • C.

      It follows negative punishers

    • D.

      It reinforcers positive punishers

    Correct Answer
    B. It follows continuous reinforcement
    Explanation
    Extinction works best when it follows continuous reinforcement because continuous reinforcement means that the behavior is consistently reinforced every time it occurs. When the reinforcement is suddenly removed during extinction, the individual is more likely to notice the absence of the reinforcement and stop engaging in the behavior. This is because they have learned that the behavior no longer leads to the desired outcome. In contrast, if extinction follows intermittent reinforcement, where the behavior is only reinforced occasionally, the individual may continue to engage in the behavior for longer periods of time, hoping that it will be reinforced again.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    In order to extinguish a negatively reinforced behavior, the            is no longer removed or avoided following a behavior.

    Correct Answer
    aversive stimulus
    Explanation
    An aversive stimulus is a negative consequence or unpleasant event that is used to discourage or extinguish a behavior. In this context, the aversive stimulus is no longer removed or avoided after the behavior occurs. This means that the person or animal no longer receives relief or avoidance from the unpleasant stimulus, which decreases the likelihood of the behavior being repeated in the future.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Extinction and negative reinforcement both decrease a behavior.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Extinction and negative reinforcement have different effects on behavior. Extinction refers to the process of eliminating a behavior by removing the reinforcing consequences that were previously maintaining it. Negative reinforcement, on the other hand, involves the removal of an aversive stimulus to increase the likelihood of a behavior occurring again. Therefore, while extinction decreases a behavior, negative reinforcement actually increases it. Hence, the given statement is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Extinction is when a behavior is no longer reinforced and as a result, the behavior stops occurring.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Extinction refers to the process of eliminating a behavior by no longer reinforcing it. When a behavior is no longer reinforced, it gradually decreases and eventually stops occurring altogether. This process is commonly used in behavior modification techniques to eliminate unwanted behaviors. Therefore, the statement that extinction occurs when a behavior is no longer reinforced and as a result, the behavior stops occurring is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    When extinction is used following intermittent reinforcement, the behavior will be more resistant to extinction.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When extinction is used following intermittent reinforcement, it means that the reinforcement for a behavior is gradually reduced and eventually stopped. This type of reinforcement schedule is known to create a stronger and more persistent behavior compared to continuous reinforcement. Therefore, when extinction is implemented after intermittent reinforcement, the behavior is expected to be more resistant to extinction. This is because the individual has learned that the behavior may still be reinforced occasionally, leading them to persist in the behavior for longer periods of time, even when reinforcement is no longer provided.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Extreme cold and extreme levels of auditory stimulation are examples of:

    • A.

      Unconditioned punishers

    • B.

      Conditioned punishers

    • C.

      Negative punishers

    • D.

      Positive punishers

    Correct Answer
    A. Unconditioned punishers
    Explanation
    Extreme cold and extreme levels of auditory stimulation are considered unconditioned punishers because they are inherently aversive and do not require any prior learning or conditioning to elicit a punishing response. These stimuli naturally and automatically produce discomfort, pain, or unpleasantness, which makes them effective in reducing the likelihood of behaviors that precede them. In contrast, conditioned punishers are stimuli that acquire punishing properties through association with other punishers or through learning, while negative and positive punishers refer to the type of consequence applied to decrease the likelihood of a behavior.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A consequence can be considered a punisher if the:

    • A.

      Behavior immediately decreases

    • B.

      Behavior immediately increase

    • C.

      Behavior decreases in the future

    • D.

      Behavior is accelerated in the future

    Correct Answer
    C. Behavior decreases in the future
    Explanation
    A consequence can be considered a punisher if the behavior decreases in the future. This means that the consequence has a negative impact on the behavior, leading to a reduction in its occurrence over time. Punishment is often used as a deterrent to discourage certain behaviors by associating them with unpleasant consequences. In this case, the decrease in behavior indicates that the consequence is effectively functioning as a punisher.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Zach comes home past his curfew and is yelled at by his parents. If, as a result of being yelled at, Zach never comes home late again it would be an example of                                          .

    • A.

      Positive punishment

    • B.

      Negative punishment

    • C.

      Positive reinforcement

    • D.

      Negative reinforcement

    Correct Answer
    A. Positive punishment
    Explanation
    If, as a result of being yelled at, Zach never comes home late again, it would be an example of positive punishment. Positive punishment involves the addition of an aversive stimulus (in this case, being yelled at) to decrease the likelihood of a behavior (coming home late). In other words, Zach's parents yelling at him serves as a consequence that discourages him from repeating the behavior of coming home late.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Bill spits on an umpire during a baseball game and is suspended for ten games. As a result of being suspended, Bill never spits on an umpire again. Being suspended for his behavior of spitting is referred to as a:

    Correct Answer
    punisher
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "punisher" because being suspended for his behavior of spitting serves as a consequence or punishment for Bill's actions. The suspension acts as a deterrent, causing Bill to refrain from spitting on an umpire again in the future. This punishment aims to discourage and discourage similar behavior in others as well.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    A conditioned punisher is                                                   .

    Correct Answer
    A stimulus that is punishing because it was paired with another punisher
    Explanation
    A conditioned punisher is a stimulus that becomes punishing because it has been paired with another punisher. This means that the stimulus itself may not be inherently punishing, but it acquires its punishing properties through association with another punishing stimulus. This process is known as classical conditioning, where the conditioned punisher takes on the punishing function of the original punisher.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    In behavior modification, a punisher is defined by its:

    • A.

      Consequences

    • B.

      Way the punishers are delivered

    • C.

      A and B

    • D.

      Effect on the behavior it follows

    Correct Answer
    D. Effect on the behavior it follows
    Explanation
    A punisher in behavior modification is defined by its effect on the behavior it follows. This means that a punisher is any consequence or way of delivering a consequence that decreases the likelihood of the behavior occurring again in the future. The effectiveness of a punisher is determined by the extent to which it reduces the occurrence of the behavior it follows. Therefore, the effect on behavior is the defining characteristic of a punisher in behavior modification.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Please fill answer below

    Correct Answer
    N/A
  • 14. 

    Nicholas used to come home late for supper until his parents started to take away a dollar of his allowance every time he was late. Nicholas behavior of coming home late decreased to zero. This is an example of what form of negative punishment?

    Correct Answer
    Response cost
    Explanation
    This is an example of response cost, which is a form of negative punishment. Negative punishment involves the removal or reduction of a desirable stimulus in order to decrease the occurrence of a behavior. In this case, Nicholas's parents took away a dollar of his allowance every time he was late for supper. As a result, his behavior of coming home late decreased to zero because he wanted to avoid losing his allowance.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Stimulus control develops as a result of                                              .

    Correct Answer
    stimulus discrimination training
    Explanation
    Stimulus control develops as a result of stimulus discrimination training. This type of training involves teaching an individual to respond differently to two or more stimuli that are similar but have different meanings or consequences. Through repeated practice and reinforcement, the individual learns to discriminate between the stimuli and respond appropriately to each one. This helps to strengthen the association between a specific stimulus and the desired response, leading to the development of stimulus control.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    A (an)                                      is the stimulus that is present when a behavior is reinforced.

    Correct Answer
    SD
    Explanation
    An SD (discriminative stimulus) is the stimulus that is present when a behavior is reinforced. It signals to the individual that a particular behavior will lead to a desired outcome or consequence. The presence of the SD increases the likelihood of the behavior occurring because the individual has learned that the behavior is reinforced in the presence of that specific stimulus.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Behaviors usually occur at random and are rarely under stimulus control.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. Behaviors are not usually random and can often be influenced by stimuli in the environment. Many behaviors are purposeful and goal-directed, meaning they are performed in order to achieve a desired outcome or response. Additionally, behaviors can be shaped and modified through learning and conditioning processes, further indicating that they are not simply random occurrences.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    A group of stimuli having the same functional effect on a certain behavior are said to belong to a stimulus:

    • A.

      Class

    • B.

      Behavior

    • C.

      Group

    Correct Answer
    A. Class
    Explanation
    In psychology, a stimulus class refers to a group of stimuli that have the same functional effect on a certain behavior. This means that these stimuli, although different in their physical characteristics, elicit the same response or behavior from an individual. The concept of stimulus class helps in understanding how different stimuli can have similar effects on behavior and how they can be categorized based on their functional properties.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Genralization is associated with broad stimulus control.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Generalization refers to the tendency for a behavior to occur in the presence of stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus that was present during learning. In other words, when a behavior is generalized, it is more likely to occur in response to a range of similar stimuli rather than just the specific stimulus that was present during training. Therefore, generalization is indeed associated with broad stimulus control, making the statement "Genralization is associated with broad stimulus control" true.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 03, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Rprie
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.