# Atomic Structure Practice Test Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By David Schouweiler
D
David Schouweiler
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 2,263
Questions: 6 | Attempts: 455

Settings

• 1.

### (a) Which of the following particles is the smallest?

• A.

Protons

• B.

Electrons

• C.

Neutrons

• D.

All of the above are the same size.

B. Electrons
Explanation
It takes 2000 electrons to add up to the mass of a single proton or neutron.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### (b) How many protons, electrons, and neutrons are in an average, neutrally-charged atom of Hydrogen?

• A.

1 proton, 1 electron, 1 neutron

• B.

1 proton, 0 electrons, 1 neutron

• C.

1 proton, 1 electron, 0 neutrons

• D.

1 proton, 2 electrons, 1 neutron

C. 1 proton, 1 electron, 0 neutrons
Explanation
Hydrogen's atomic number is 1, so it has 1 proton. If the atom is neutrally charged, the number of protons will equal the number of electrons, so there is also 1 electron.

The average atomic mass of Hydrogen is 1 amu, so there is only 1 particle in its nucleus (on average). Because we already know that it has 1 proton, there must be 0 neutrons.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### (c) Which of the following elements has chemical and physical properties that are most similar to Magnesium?

• A.

Calcium

• B.

Sodium

• C.

Aluminum

• D.

Both Sodium and Aluminum

A. Calcium
Explanation
The periodic table is organized so that the elements in the same column (family) have similar properties. Because Calcium and Magnesium are both in column 2, they are both alkaline earth metals and therefore have similar properties.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### (d) To which of the following families does Iodine belong?

• A.

Metalloids

• B.

Transition Metals

• C.

Noble Gases

• D.

Halogens

D. Halogens
Explanation
Column 17 (sometimes referred to as column VII A) is a special class of nonmetals known as halogens.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### (e) How many neutrons are in an atom of C-14?

• A.

6

• B.

12

• C.

8

• D.

14

C. 8
Explanation
Isotopes are different forms of the same element that have a different number of neutrons. Because the number of neutrons changes from isotope to isotope, the mass of the isotope must be provided. In the case of C-14, the atomic mass of the isotope is 14, indicating that there are 14 particles in the nucleus. Carbon has an atomic number of 6, so there are 6 protons in the nucleus. 14-6=8 neutrons

Rate this question:

• 6.

### (f) Oxygen's average atomic mass on the periodic table is 15.999 amu.  This means that the most abundant isotope of Oxygen is most likely...

• A.

O-14

• B.

O-15

• C.

O-16

• D.

O-8

D. O-8
Explanation
The average atomic mass of elements on the periodic table are a weighted average - that is, they are the average of all the different isotopes of an element adjusted for how abundant each isotope is. If most of the Oxygen atoms in the universe have a mass of 16 (that is, has 8 neutrons), then the average atomic mass will be very close to 16.

Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Aug 28, 2014
Quiz Created by
David Schouweiler

Related Topics