Nursing Terminology Quiz

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| By Iamsarah83
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Iamsarah83
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Nursing Terminology Quiz - Quiz

Test your knowledge of some nursing terminologies. Here are common questions you might encounter during nursing examination. Some questions require more than one answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Prostaglandins are chemical substances thought to

    • A.

      Reduce the perception of pain.

    • B.

      Inhibit transmission of pain.

    • C.

      Inhibit transmission of noxious stimuli

    • D.

      Increase sensitivity of pain receptors.

    Correct Answer
    D. Increase sensitivity of pain receptors.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: D – Prostaglandins are believed to increase sensitivity to pain receptors by enhancing the pain-provoking effect of braykinin.

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  • 2. 

    Ageism refers to

    • A.

      Bias against older people based solely on chronological age.

    • B.

      Fear of old age.

    • C.

      Loss of memory.

    • D.

      Benign senescent forgetfulness.

    Correct Answer
    A. Bias against older people based solely on chronological age.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: A – Individuals demonstrating ageism base their beliefs and attitudes about older people based upon chronological age without consideration of functional capacity.

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  • 3. 

    Oncotic pressure refers to 

    • A.

      The number of dissolved particles contained in a unit of fluid.

    • B.

      The exertion of substances such as glucose through increased urine output.

    • C.

      The osmotic pressure exerted by proteins.

    • D.

      The amount of pressure needed to stop flow of water by osmosis.

    Correct Answer
    C. The osmotic pressure exerted by proteins.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: C – Oncotic pressure is a pulling pressure exerted by proteins, such as albumin.

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  • 4. 

    Palliation refers to 

    • A.

      Relief of symptoms associated with cancer.

    • B.

      Hair loss.

    • C.

      The spread of cancer cells from the primary tumor distant sites.

    • D.

      The lowest point of white blood cell depression after therapy that has toxic effects on the bone marrow.

    Correct Answer
    A. Relief of symptoms associated with cancer.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: A – Palliation is the goal for care in terminal cancer patients.Correct Answer: A – Palliation is the goal for care in terminal cancer patients.

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  • 5. 

    A malignant tumor 

    • A.

      Gains access to the blood and lymphatic channels.

    • B.

      Demonstrates cells that are well-differentiated.

    • C.

      Lacks the ability to metastasize.

    • D.

      Grows by expansion.

    Correct Answer
    D. Grows by expansion.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: D – A malignant tumor usually demonstrate variable rate of growth; however the more anaplastic the tumor, the faster its growth. It also grows at the periphery and sends out processes that infiltrate and destroy surrounding tissues.

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  • 6. 

    Epistaxis refers to 

    • A.

      Dryness of the mouth.

    • B.

      Hemorrhage from the nose.

    • C.

      Drainage of a large amount of fluid from the nose.

    • D.

      Difficulties in swallowing.

    Correct Answer
    B. Hemorrhage from the nose.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: B – Epistaxis refers to hemorrhage from the nose due to rupture of tiny, distended vessels in the mucous membrane of any are of the nose.

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  • 7. 

    Emphysema is described as

    • A.

      A disease of the airways characterized by destruction of the walls of over-distended alveoli.

    • B.

      A disease that results in a common clinical outcome of reversible airflow obstruction.

    • C.

      The presence of cough and sputum production for at least a combined total of two or three months in each of two consecutive years.

    • D.

      Chronic dilatation of a bronchus or bronchi.

    Correct Answer
    A. A disease of the airways characterized by destruction of the walls of over-distended alveoli.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: A – Emphysema is a category of COPD, a disease involving constriction of the airways and difficulty or discomfort in breathing.

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  • 8. 

    Stoke volume means 

    • A.

      The amount of blood pumped each ventricle during a given period.

    • B.

      The percentage of the end-diastolic volume that is ejected with each stroke.

    • C.

      The amount of blood ejected per heartbeat.

    • D.

      The pressure that the ventricular myocardium must overcome.

    Correct Answer
    C. The amount of blood ejected per heartbeat.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: C – Stroke volume is the amount of blood ejected from one ventricle of the heart with each beat.

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  • 9. 

    Protamine sulfate refers to

    • A.

      A medication used to reverse the effects of heparin.

    • B.

      A thrombolytic agent.

    • C.

      An antiplatelet medication given to reduce the risk of thrombus formation.

    • D.

      A salicylate drug.

    Correct Answer
    A. A medication used to reverse the effects of heparin.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: A – Protamine sulfate is a drug that reverses the anticoagulant effects of heparin by binding to it.

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  • 10. 

    Ataxia simply means 

    • A.

      Vascular lesions caused by dilated blood vessels.

    • B.

      Inability to understand the spoken word.

    • C.

      Transient, spontaneous movement that occurs in muscle groups after strenuous exercise.

    • D.

      Uncoordinated muscle movement.

    Correct Answer
    D. Uncoordinated muscle movement.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: D – Ataxia is a neurological sign and symptom that consists of gross lack of coordination of muscle movements.

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  • 11. 

    Fibromyalgia is a common condition that 

    • A.

      Involves chronic fatigue, generalized muscle aching and stiffness.

    • B.

      Is caused by a virus.

    • C.

      Is treated by diet, exercise, and physical therapy.

    • D.

      Causes tingling, burning, or pricking sensation to the person’s ski

    Correct Answer
    A. Involves chronic fatigue, generalized muscle aching and stiffness.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: A & D – Fibromyalgia is a common condition involving chronic fatigue, generalized muscle aching, and stiffness that do not last for a long period of time.

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  • 12. 

    Enucleation refers to

    • A.

      Correction of a drooping upper eyelid.

    • B.

      Removal of the entire contents of the eye within the sclera shell.

    • C.

      Correction of an eversion and drooping of the lower eyelid.

    • D.

      Removal of an eyeball without rupturing the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents.

    Correct Answer
    D. Removal of an eyeball without rupturing the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer is D – Enucleation of the globe is the surgical removal of an eyeball without rupturing the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents.

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  • 13. 

    Hematopoiesis pertains to

    • A.

      Blood coagulation.

    • B.

      Abnormal internal or external bleeding.

    • C.

      Blood cell formation.

    • D.

      The expectoration of blood from the respiratory tract.

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood cell formation.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: C – Hematopoiesis pertains to formation of blood or blood cells in the body.

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  • 14. 

    Hypernatremia refers to

    • A.

      An elevation in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.

    • B.

      An elevated level of sodium in venous blood.

    • C.

      A decreased level of calcium in venous blood.

    • D.

      A reduced level of oxygen in arterial blood.

    Correct Answer
    B. An elevated level of sodium in venous blood.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: B – Hypernatremia is an elevated level of sodium in venous blood, which is greater than 145 mEq/liter.

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  • 15. 

    Gavage means

    • A.

      Administration of a liquid feeding into the stomach.

    • B.

      Visual examination of the stomach.

    • C.

      Irrigation of the stomach with a solution.

    • D.

      A surgical opening through the abdomen to the stomach.

    Correct Answer
    A. Administration of a liquid feeding into the stomach.
    Explanation
    Correct Answer: A – Gavage is a forced feeding method in which a tube is passed through the mouth down to the stomach. This is done to newborn with weak sucking, uncoordinated sucking and swallowing, respiratory distress, tachypnea, or repeated apneic spells

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 05, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Iamsarah83
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