Nurs 212a - pHarm (pH) - Chapters 1, 3, 4 (Intro, Toxicity, Management)

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 40

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Pharmacology Quizzes & Trivia

Focus on Nursing Pharmacology Fourth Edition by Amy M. Karch, RN, MS. Published by Lippincott Williams& WilkinsISBN-13: 978-0-7817-9047-5ISBN-10: 0-7817-9047-6


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is the definition of pharmacology?
    • A. 

      Chemicals that are introduced into the body to cause some sort of change

    • B. 

      The process of altering DNA

    • C. 

      The study of the biological effects of chemicals

    • D. 

      How drugs are used to treat, provent, an diagnose disease

    • E. 

      Effects that are therapeutic, or helpful, with potential for other effects that are undesirable or potentially dangerous

  • 2. 
    In this phase, checmicas that may have therapeutic values are tested on laboratory animals for two main purposes: 1) to dermine whether they have the presumed effects in living tissue, and 2) to evaluate any adverse effects, such as teratogenicity.
    • A. 

      Preclinical trial

    • B. 

      Phase I studies

    • C. 

      Phase II studies

    • D. 

      Phase III studies

    • E. 

      Phase IV studies

  • 3. 
    This phase uses human volunteers to test the drugs. These studies are tightly controlled, volunteers are fully informed, and volunteers are usually healthy, young men.
    • A. 

      Preclinical trials

    • B. 

      Phase I studies

    • C. 

      Phase II studies

    • D. 

      Phase III studies

    • E. 

      Phase IV studies

  • 4. 
    In this phase, the drug is tried on patients who have the diease that the drug is meant to treat, patients are fully informed, and patients are very closely monitored by representatives of the pharmaceutical company studying the drugs.
    • A. 

      Preclinical trials

    • B. 

      Phase I studies

    • C. 

      Phase II studies

    • D. 

      Phase III studies

    • E. 

      Phase IV studies

  • 5. 
    In this phase the drug is used in a vast clinical market. Presciberse observe patients very blosely. During this phase the FDA may also consider evaluation.
    • A. 

      Preclinical trials

    • B. 

      Phase I studies

    • C. 

      Phase II studies

    • D. 

      Phase III studies

    • E. 

      Phase IV studies

  • 6. 
    In this phase continual evalution of the drug is conducted. Prescribers are obligated to report to the FDA  any untoward or unexpeceted adverse effects associated with drugs they are using, and the FDA continually evaluates this information.
    • A. 

      Preclinical trials

    • B. 

      Phase I studies

    • C. 

      Phase II studies

    • D. 

      Phase III studies

    • E. 

      Phase IV studies

  • 7. 
    Which of ther following is a trade name?
    • A. 

      (+/-)-2-(p-isobutylphenyl) propionic acid

    • B. 

      Ibuprofren

    • C. 

      Motrin

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      The DEA stands for the Drug Enforcement Agency

    • B. 

      Drugs with abuse potential are called controlled substances

    • C. 

      Each prescriber has a DEA number, which allows the DEA to monitor prescription patterns and possible abuse

    • D. 

      A schedule V drug has a higher potential for abuse than a schedule V drug

    • E. 

      All of these are true

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is false about anaphylactic reactions?
    • A. 

      Allergy that involves an antibody that reacts with specific sites in the body

    • B. 

      Causes the release of chemicals, including histamine

    • C. 

      Is a type of drug allergy

    • D. 

      Symptomes include hives, rash difficulty breathing, decreased BP, dconstricted pupils, diaphoresis, decreased heart rate, and respiratory arrest

    • E. 

      SubQ epinephrine should be administered. Massage the site to speed absoption rate.

  • 10. 
    Which is false about cytocotic reactions?
    • A. 

      Occurs when antibodies circulate in the blood and cause damage to various tissues by depositing in blood vessels.

    • B. 

      This reaction is not immediate, but may be seen over a few days

    • C. 

      S/S include a CBC showing damage to blooe forming cells, liver function tests show elevated liver enzymes, renal function tests show decreased renal function

    • D. 

      Interventions invove discontinuing the drug and supporting the patient to prevent infection and conserve energy

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Poisoning occurs when an overdose of a drug damages multiple body systems

    • B. 

      Poisoning leads to a potiential for fatal reactions

    • C. 

      Toxicity is an overdose

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is not a responsibility of the nurse?
    • A. 

      Teaching

    • B. 

      Checking reaction to the medications

    • C. 

      Properly administering ordered medications and therapy

    • D. 

      Assessment

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Promoting drug therapy includes the placebo effect (anticipation that the drug will be helfpul), managing adverse effects, lifestyle changes (e.g adjusting diet)

    • B. 

      Nursing interventions include nursing actions that guide the care provided to the patient by the nurse

    • C. 

      Nursing interventions can be dependent, interdependent, or independent

    • D. 

      A hopsital medication order includes: patient name, patient DOB, drug, drug dosage, drug route, drug frequency, special instruction, amount of medication to dispense, and number of refills

    • E. 

      A patient drug assessment includes: medical hx (e.g. conditions), surgical hx, social hx (e.g. finances), current medications (for drug-to-drug interactions), and allergies (patients may have cross-sensitivity to medications)

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is false:
    • A. 

      Patient education includes information about storage, interactions, saftey measures, toxicity, and warnings for discontinuation

    • B. 

      The rights are: patient, drug, route, frequency/timing, recording, storage, preparation

    • C. 

      Nursing interventions are divided into two manners: dependent and independent

    • D. 

      Nursing actions/interventions guide the care provided to the patient by the nurse

    • E. 

      All are true